Ward churchhill essay 911
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Australian Aborigines’ culture essay. It is known that kinship system is ward churchhill 911 considered to be a fundamental principle of observation age essay organizing people into different social groups, where they perform different roles. As this form of organization which is ward churchhill essay 911 based on on prohibition in canada parentage and marriage can be found in every human society, kinship system is of great importance. Today, in churchhill essay modern industrial communities family structures are rather weakened because of the dominance of the market economy and myth, the activity of ward churchhill essay 911 social services. However, any nuclear family household which can be found in any society is still the basic institution that is responsible for rearing children and organizing consumption. (Nowak Laird, 2010, p.10) In some nonindustrial contexts, kinship system normally has a greater number of functions. In this case, kinship units usually serve as the main units of production, representation of political authority and even as religious structures for the worship of spiritual beings, who are themselves considered to be the members of the kinship system. Kinship systems in berkeley foraging and horticultural based societies provide support for people in all stages of their life. My goal in this paper is to identify and describe the kinship system of Australian Aborigines’ culture. Ward Churchhill 911? AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL KINSHIP SYSTEM AND ITS MEANING. According to the anthropological data, Australian aboriginal kinship is one of the most complex kinship systems in the world.
Some experts consider that it is the basis of all social interaction. It is found that the kinship system of any particular tribe can control and maintain the network of interpersonal relationships in the tribe and direct its members in their interactions with other members of the tribe. Moreover, Australian Aboriginal kinship is not only the system of law which governs social interactions, such as marriage, in traditional Australian Aboriginal culture, it is also an integral part of the culture of every Aboriginal group located on the territory of on prohibition Australia. THE MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL KINSHIP. Ward? Aboriginal kinship system of Australia has the following characteristic features: As kinship is an integral part of the social organization, the tribal members are divided into several categories with special names used in each tribe. The relatives-in-law take place in the same categories as consanguine relatives. The husbands and wives are related to essay each other as kin. Churchhill? In aboriginal Australia, classificatory kinship is family reference letter application used. For example, if a man or a woman addresses another man or woman with a particular kin term he or she will use the same kin term for 911 his full brother or sister. The status of mother’s brother and father’s sister is a so-called extension of the sibling relationship because it has some special obligations and responsibilities in nearly all Australian Aboriginal societies.
Such people often have an important part in the rituals of their brother’s son or daughter, or sister’s son or daughter. Moreover, there is always some attachment in the relationship between a man and observation age essay, his father’s sister. However, there are taboos between the man and the wives or husbands of essay these kin. The basic kinship in aboriginal Australia is the nuclear family. However, aboriginal kin system allows both men and women “to have extra-marital sexual partners during some transient-mundane or transient-ritual or even romantic basis”. In some areas of Australia, for example in the Dieri, the provision of secondary wives can be found and in western Arnhem Land, the provision of secondary husbands can be found. (Monroe, 2010, para.4) SOME FACTS ABOUT AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL CULTURE. It is known that Australian aboriginal culture is one of the oldest living cultures in the world. Its main peculiarity is that it is apache essay closely connected with nature. According to the traditional aboriginal belief system, nature and ward churchhill, landscape are of the same importance as the Bible in Christian world.
The Australian aborigines worship prominent rocks and canyons, rivers and waterfalls, sun and moon, and, of course, animals – they are all sacred. As aboriginal Australia consists of hundreds of tribal divisions and language groups with different cultural practices, it is impossible to describe all of them. However, it is easy to identify the main common features of their cultures. Essay? First of all, different practices and ceremonies play an important role in the life of aborigines. Secondly, the belief systems of Australian aborigines are based on spiritual values, including Rainbow Serpent, the ward, main ancestral being, Baiame and Bunjil, the main creator spirits. Besides, music and art are unique in aboriginal Australia.(Monroe, 2010, para.3) The kinship system impacts the way this culture behaves. For example, numerous ceremonies are conducted by certain kin members, one of creation them is Bora, an initiation ceremony when aboriginal boys become men. One more example is churchhill essay participation in music festivals when the Arnhem Land people (only men) play Yolngu. Also, the Djabwurrung and Jardwadjali people of western Victoria participate in the traditional game of Marn Grook, a type of football played only by men from different groups. In our society, kinship also plays an important role. Family For School Application? Kinship can impact individual’s behavior and actions.
The Basseri of Iran. At the same time, it is not only kinship that affects the cultural development of the society. In this regard, it is possible to refer to the Basseri of 911 Iran, the tribe that has undergone considerable changes in the course of its history, especially during the 20th century resulting in considerable social, economic and political changes within the tribe. The Basseri of berkeley mba essay questions Iran are a pastoral, nomadic tribe in Iran. However, today, the Basseri have started to ward change their traditional lifestyle, social and political system. Consistent changes in contemporary Iran affected substantially the Basseri tribe. In fact, today, the Basseri undergo considerable changes that have already changed their role in the political life of Iran. In addition, today, the essay writing, Basseri undergo consistent social changes that affect the structure of their tribe and social relations with the tribe as well as the lifestyle of the Basseri. First of all, it is important to place emphasis on ward churchhill essay 911 the fact that the traditional social system of the Basseri was grounded on tents. Problems In Our Life Essay? A tent is a basic social unit of Basseri.
The leader of the tent deals with the formal officers of the tribe, villagers and churchhill, other strangers. However, today, the tribes have disintegrated into small segments without powerful tribal chiefs (Amanolahi, 2003, p.268). Therefore, the Basseri tribe has started to fell apart since the problems, first half of the 20th century, whereas today this process has become even stronger. This trend is the result of the shift from the nomadic lifestyle to sedentarization. Ward 911? The Basseri is writing for history a traditional, nomadic tribe but the ward essay 911, Basseri were forcefully sedentarized in creation myth their summer and winter territories in 1936. One of the major consequences of forced sedentarizzation was that, with the tribesmen no longer mobile, it became easy for the state to supervise their activities (Amanolahi, 2003, p.270). Along with the churchhill essay 911, change of the school, traditional lifestyle of the Basseri, the tribe has undergone consistent social changes that have been already mentioned above. Essay 911? The tribe could not exist anymore as the nomadic tribe and its traditional social structure has started to change because the Basseri stayed in their settlements that slowed down their communication between different segments of the berkeley mba essay, tribe. Each segment has started to ward develop as an in canada, independent unit of the tribe and the close connections that existed within the tribe have weakened under the impact of the sedentarization of the tribe. At the same time, the tribe has virtually stopped its nomadic lifestyle.
Therefore, the Basseri had to develop absolutely new lifestyle, including new socioeconomic activities. The tribe could not maintain its pastoral, nomadic lifestyle and should focus on ward churchhill 911 new socioeconomic activities, which in their turn affected consistently the social stratification of segments of the tribe as leaders of tents grew richer compared to other members of the tribe. The traditional exchange of products between the creation essay, Basseri and sedentary population of Iran changed too because the Basseri became similar to the rest of the sedentary population of Iran and lost its nomadic traditions. Structural changes in social and economic life of the Basseri led to the degradation of the Basseri tribe as independent tribe within Iran. Instead, the ward essay 911, tribe has started its close assimilation into the Iranian society because segments of the Basseri tribe, being weakened by the sedentarization could not resist to the impact of the mainstream Iranian culture. School? Furthermore, the process of urbanization has reduced the traditional political power of the pastoral nomads that they no longer play their traditional political role (Amanolahi, 2003, p.268). The urbanization was the effect of socioeconomic changes in Iran. As Iranian economy progress and became more and more industrialized, the agriculture started to lose its role as the main branch of the national economy. In addition, such tribes as the Basseri had to change their lifestyle to survive in the competitive economic struggle.
Many Basseri had to settle in cities and towns, where they could find some job and essay, survive, while traditional lifestyle put them on the edge of survival. Essays? As the churchhill, Basseri tribe has become segmented and weakened by the sedentarization and urbanization, its political power has started to decrease too. The pastoral nomads have lost not only their political power in relation to the central government, but their social organization and their way of life have changed radically (Amanolahi, 2003, p.269). As a result, today, the Basseri comprise an integral part of Iranian society with low impact on the political life of the country. They cannot lead the traditional nomadic lifestyle any more. Essays In Canada? Therefore, they have lost their political power as a solid and influential tribe. The Basseri tribe is just falling apart that naturally weakens its political and economic power, while, in a long-run perspective, the tribe is likely to ward 911 face the on prohibition, problem of the full assimilation into the mainstream Iranian culture to the extent that the ward churchhill 911, Basseri can lose their cultural and national identity. In conclusion, it is in our essay necessary to say that today anthropologists are greatly interested in the comparative study of kinship systems in order to discover some universal patterns and the variable forms that they take in specific societies. In this respect, the experience of the study of the Basseri is essay particularly noteworthy for the Basseri have undergone considerable changes in the course of the 20th century. The forced sedentarization and urbanization changed the essay, traditional lifestyle of the Basseri. They are not as nomad as they used to be in the past.
Moreover, the ward essay, tribe segmentation weakens its political role and economic power in Iran.
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patriot essay Presented here are a some essays that I have assembled for all of you with a patriotic heart. If you have a favorite essay that you would like to contribute to this collection please feel free to do so ! Be sure to ward churchhill, include the title author (if known) to Contact Us. If one asks me the meaning of our flag, I say to him: It means just what Concord and Lexington meant, what Bunker Hill meant. Life Essay? It means the whole glorious Revolutionary War. It means all that the Declaration of Independence meant. It means all that the essay 911 Constitution of our people, organizing for school, justice, for liberty and for happiness, meant. Under this banner rode Washington and ward, his armies.
Before it Burgoyne laid down his arms. It waved on the highlands at West Point. When Arnold would have surrendered these valuable fortresses and precious legacies, his night was turned into apache essay day and his treachery was driven away by beams of light from ward 911 this starry banner. It cheered our army, driven out from around New York, and in their painful pilgrimages through New Jersey. This banner streamed in light over the soldiers' heads at Valley Forge and at apache creation myth essay Morristown. It crossed the waters rolling with ice at Trenton, and when its stars gleamed in the morning with a victory, a new day of hope dawned on the despondency of this nation. Our Flag carries American ideas, American history and American feelings. Beginning with the Colonies, and coming down to our time, in ward essay, its sacred heraldry, in its glorious insignia, it has gathered and in our essay, stored chiefly this supreme idea: divine right of liberty in essay, man . Every color means liberty; every thread means liberty; every form of star and beam or stripe of light means liberty - not lawlessness, but organized, institutional liberty - liberty through law, and laws for liberty!
This American Flag was the safeguard of liberty. Not an atom of crown was allowed to go into its insignia. Not a symbol of authority in the ruler was permitted to go into it. It was an ordinance of essay for history, liberty by the people, for the people. That it meant, that it means, and, by the blessing of God, that it shall mean to the end of time! Our Flag - America's Tonic Against Cynicism. [ Note : From the Nov.-Dec. 911? 1994 National Flag Foundations Standard Bearer Magazine.
This article remains the copyrighted material of the National Flag Foundation and is presented here by permission.] As Vice President and as a Senator and member of Congress before that, I have visited dozens of foreign countries. Believe me when I say I have seen lots of flags. Essays? Every country in the world flies flags on ward essay 911, ceremonial occasions, such as the arrival of dignitaries on official trips. But something sets Americans apart. We don't just put out the berkeley questions flag for important visitors, or on churchhill essay 911, solemn occasions, and essay writing, then put it away. Ordinary Americans, by the millions, revere our flag and display it every day. We fly it from tall poles in front of our businesses, from short poles in ward churchhill 911, our front yards, from balcony railings in our condominium complexes.
We pin the flag on our jacket lapels and paste it to the windows of our cars and trucks. As soon as our toddlers can hold a little stick in their tiny fists, we give them Old Glory to problems in our life essay, wave at ward the Fourth of July parade. And at for school life's end, we drape the caskets of our fallen patriots with the Stars and Stripes. This proud display of, and devotion to, the symbol of our nation is uniquely American. It is how we reaffirm the fact that we are indeed one nation and that whatever our other differences, there are core values Americans hold in common: a belief in the dignity of the individual, a love of liberty, and a commitment to government of, for, and by the people. By displaying the flag, we express our gratitude to the generations past who fought and died for this country, and churchhill 911, we remind ourselves of our obligation to preserve for generations to come the essay writing for history freedom that others won for us. One of the priviledges enjoyed by those of churchhill, us in public life is to be greeted by flags most everywhere we go.
This simple expression of patriotism is often a welcome relief from the berkeley cynicism of elites in our nation's capital who are too sophisticated to be caught waving a flag. My aquaintances in the major media might find this hard to believe, but there's nothing like seeing proud faces of youngsters reciting the churchhill Pledge of Allegiance to remind you of the berkeley mba essay questions high ideals that first led you to seek elected office. I realize that the temper of ward 911, our times is increasingly cynical, that Americans in growing numbers raise a skeptical eyebrow upon hearing the words high ideals and elected office in the same breath. If you read the same newspaper stores I do, then you have seen the problems public opinion polls showing in what low repute we now hold the major branches of government. I must admit there are days when I understand those feelings. It's easy to look at the discrepancy between what officials say and what they do, and to ward 911, become cynical as a result. However, I don't believe Americans will ever become entirely cynical -- as long as they keep flying the flag.
As a symbol of our republic and its institutions, our link to creation myth, this country's past and to its future, the flag helps us keep in mind that the Founding Fathers created a durable and ward essay 911, admirable system of government. The founders didn't pretend to guarantee that only honorable men and women would hold office. In fact, they assumed the opposite -- and created a system of checks and balances as insurance against the imperfect politicians they knew would always exist. In other parts of the world, people tend to find Americans' love of the flag overly sentimental. Letter For School? I believe that our system of government, for all its occasional flaws, is ward churchhill 911 still the problems in our life finest in the world. Far from being sentimental, we have very good reason to show our appreciation anew every day. This country was not built by men who relied on somebody else to ward churchhill, take care of them. In Our? It was built by men who relied on themselves, who dared to shape their own lives, who had enough courage to blaze new trails with enough confidence in themselves to take the ward churchhill 911 necessary risks. This self-reliance is our American legacy.
It is the secret of berkeley mba essay, that something which stamped Americans as Americans. Some call it individual initiative, others backbone. But whatever it is called, it is a precious ingredient in our national character, one which we must not lose. The time has come for ward churchhill, us to re-establish the rights for which we stand, to re-assert our inalienable rights to human dignity, self-respect, self-reliance—to be again the kind of people who once made America great. Such a crusade for renewed independence will require a succession of inspired leaders, leaders in apache creation, spirit and in knowledge of the problem, not just men with political power, but men who are militantly for the distinctive way of churchhill, life that was America. We are likely to myth essay, find such leaders only among those that promote self-reliance and who practice it with strict devotion and understanding. No man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotism, as well as abilities, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the House. But different men often see the churchhill essay same subject in different lights; and, therefore, I hope it will not be thought disrespectful to those gentlemen if, entertaining as I do opinions of a character very opposite to theirs, I shall speak forth my sentiments freely and without reserve. This is no time for ceremony. The question before the House is one of awful moment to this country.
For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery; and in proportion to the magnitude of the in canada subject ought to be the freedom of the debate. Churchhill Essay? It is only in this way that we can hope to arrive at truth, and fulfill the great responsibility which we hold to problems in our essay, God and churchhill essay, our country. Should I keep back my opinions at such a time, through fear of giving offense, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country, and of an creation, act of essay, disloyalty toward the mba essay questions Majesty of Heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings. Mr. 911? President, it is natural to man to indulge in the illusions of hope. We are apt to shut our eyes against observation age essay a painful truth, and listen to the song of that siren till she transforms us into beasts.
Is this the part of wise men, engaged in a great and arduous struggle for liberty? Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and, having ears, hear not, the things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation? For my part, whatever anguish of spirit it may cost, I am willing to know the whole truth; to know the worst, and to provide for it. I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience. I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past. And judging by ward 911 the past, I wish to know what there has been in the conduct of the British ministry for the last ten years to justify those hopes with which gentlemen have been pleased to solace themselves and the House.
Is it that insidious smile with which our petition has been lately received? Trust it not, sir; it will prove a snare to your feet. In Our Essay? Suffer not yourselves to be betrayed with a kiss. Ask yourselves how this gracious reception of our petition comports with those warlike preparations which cover our waters and darken our land. Are fleets and essay 911, armies necessary to a work of love and reconciliation? Have we shown ourselves so unwilling to be reconciled that force must be called in to reference for school application, win back our love? Let us not deceive ourselves, sir. These are the implements of war and subjugation; the last arguments to which kings resort. I ask gentlemen, sir, what means this martial array, if its purpose be not to force us to submission? Can gentlemen assign any other possible motive for it? Has Great Britain any enemy, in this quarter of the world, to call for all this accumulation of churchhill essay 911, navies and armies?
No, sir, she has none. They are meant for us: they can be meant for no other. They are sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains which the British ministry have been so long forging. And what have we to oppose to them? Shall we try argument? Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten years. Have we anything new to offer upon mba essay, the subject? Nothing.
We have held the subject up in every light of which it is capable; but it has been all in vain. Churchhill Essay? Shall we resort to entreaty and humble supplication? What terms shall we find which have not been already exhausted? Let us not, I beseech you, sir, deceive ourselves. Sir, we have done everything that could be done to avert the storm which is in our now coming on. We have petitioned; we have remonstrated; we have supplicated; we have prostrated ourselves before the throne, and have implored its interposition to arrest the essay 911 tyrannical hands of the ministry and Parliament. Our petitions have been slighted; our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne! In vain, after these things, may we indulge the fond hope of peace and reconciliation. There is mba essay no longer any room for churchhill 911, hope. If we wish to be free -- if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending -- if we mean not basely to reference letter application, abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so long engaged, and churchhill 911, which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained -- we must fight!
I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of hosts is all that is left us! They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. Essays On Prohibition In Canada? But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year?
Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and ward churchhill essay, when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength but irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on essay, our backs and churchhill 911, hugging the age essay delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? Sir, we are not weak if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. The millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us.
Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is a just God who presides over the destinies of nations, and ward 911, who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. The battle, sir, is not to myth essay, the strong alone; it is to ward essay, the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is mba essay no retreat but in churchhill, submission and slavery! Our chains are forged! Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable -- and writing, let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come. It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the churchhill essay matter.
Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace -- but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to reference letter application, our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is churchhill essay 911 it that gentlemen wish?
What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take but as for me; give me liberty or give me death. On the problems in our essay night of Good Friday, 1865, he left us to join a blessed procession, in neither doubt nor fear, but his soul does indeed go marching on. Churchhill 911? For this was the Bible-reading lad come out of wilderness, following a prairie star, filled with wonder at the world and its Maker, who all his life, boy and man, not only knew the Twenty-third Psalm but, more importantly, knew the Shepherd. Now it seems possible that we shall never see his like again. This is a sobering thought, but it should be a kindling one, for problems, upon us now, as a people and essay, a party, has been laid perhaps the greatest responsibility any nation was ever asked to shoulder, yet certainly not greater than we can bear. Our days are no longer than were Lincoln's, our nights are no darker, and if there is any difference between his time and this it lies in the tremendous advantage that is ours, that he stood so tall before us.
In such a time and at such a moment we surely can say then, from hopeful, brimful hearts: We are standing, Father Abraham, devoted millions strong, firm in the faith that was yours and is ours, secure in the conviction bequeathed by you to us that right does make might and that if we but dare to do our duty as we understand it, we shall not only survive. --we shall prevail. What's a flag? What's the love of family reference for school application, country for which it stands? Maybe it begins with love of the land itself. It is the fog rolling in with the tide at Eastport, or through the Golden Gate and among the towers of San Francisco. It is the sun coming up behind the White Mountains, over the Green, throwing a shining glory on ward 911, Lake Champlain and above the Adirondacks. It is the storied Mississippi rolling swift and muddy past St. Louis, rolling past Cairo, pouring down past the levees of New Orleans. It is lazy noontide in the pines of Carolina, it is a sea of wheat rippling in Western Kansas, it is the San Francisco peaks far north across the berkeley questions glowing nakedness of Arizona, it is the Grand Canyon and a little stream coming down out of a New England ridge, in which are trout.
It is men at churchhill 911 work. It is the myth essay storm-tossed fishermen coming into ward churchhill essay Gloucester and Provincetown and Astoria. It is the farmer riding his great machine in the dust of harvest, the dairyman going to the barn before sunrise, the lineman mending the broken wire, the miner drilling for the blast. It is the servants of fire in the murky splendor of Pittsburgh, between the Allegheny and the Monongahela, the trucks rumbling through the observation age essay night, the locomotive engineer bringing the train in on essay, time, the pilot in the clouds, the riveter running along the beam a hundred feet in the air. It is the mba essay clerk in the office, the housewife doing the dishes and sending the children off to school. It is the teacher, doctor and parson tending and helping, body and soul, for small reward. It is ward essay small things remembered, the essay for history little corners of the land, the houses, the ward people that each one loves. We love our country because there was a little tree on a hill, and grass thereon, and a sweet valley below; because the problems life essay hurdy-gurdy man came along on a sunny morning in a city street; because a beach or a farm or a lane or a house that might not seem much to others were once, for each of us, made magic. Churchhill Essay 911? It is observation voices that are remembered only, no longer heard. It is ward churchhill essay parents, friends, the lazy chat of street and apache creation myth, store and office, and the ease of mind that makes life tranquil.
It is Summer and Winter, rain and sun and storms. These are flesh of our flesh, bone of essay, our bone, blood of our blood, a lasting part of what we are, each of us and all of us together. It is stories told. Reference For School? It is the Pilgrims dying in their first dreadful Winter. It is the minute man standing his ground at Concord Bridge, and dying there. Ward Churchhill 911? It is the army in rags, sick, freezing, starving at Valley Forge. It is the apache creation myth wagons and ward 911, the men on foot going westward over Cumberland Gap, floating down the berkeley great rivers, rolling over the great plains. It is the settler hacking fiercely at the primeval forest on his new, his own lands.
It is Thoreau at Walden Pond, Lincoln at Cooper Union, and Lee riding home from Appomattox. Ward 911? It is corruption and disgrace, answered always by essays on prohibition in canada men who would not let the flag lie in the dust, who have stood up in every generation to fight for the old ideals and the old rights, at risk of ruin or of life itself. It is essay 911 a great multitude of people on pilgrimage, common and ordinary people, charged with the usual human failings, yet filled with such a hope as never caught the imaginations and the hearts of problems, any nation on earth before. The hope of liberty. The hope of justice. The hope of ward essay, a land in age essay, which a man can stand straight, without fear, without rancor. The land and the people and ward churchhill, the flag, the observation school land a continent, the people of every race, the flag a symbol of what humanity may aspire to when the wars are over and the ward 911 barriers are down: to in our life, these each generation must be dedicated and consecrated anew, to defend with life itself, if need be, but, above all, in friendliness, in hope, in courage, to live for. I am an American: That's the 911 way we put it, simply, without any swagger, without any brag, in those four plain words. We speak them softly, just to ourselves. We roll them on family, the tongue, touching every syllable, getting the feel of them, the churchhill essay 911 enduring flavor. We speak them humbly, thankfully, reverently: I am an American.
They are more than words, really. They are the sum of the lives of a vast multitude of men and women and wide-eyed children. They are a manifesto to observation age essay, mankind; speak those four words anywhere in the world -- yes, anywhere -- and those who hear will recognize their meaning. They are a pledge. A pledge that stems from a document which says: When in the course of human events, and goes on churchhill 911, from there. A pledge to those who dreamed that dream before it was set to paper, to essay writing, those who have lived it since, and died for it.
Those words are a covenant with a great host of plain Americans, Americans who put their share of meaning into them. Listen, and you can hear the voices echoing through them, words that sprang white-hot from bloody lips, scornful lips, lips a tremble with human pity: Don't give up the ship! Fight her till she dies. Damn the torpedoes! Go ahead! . . . Do you want to live forever? . . . Don't cheer, boys; the poor devils are dying.
Laughing words, June-warm words, words cold as January ice: Root, hog, or die. .. I've come from Alabama with my banjo. . . Pike's Peak or bust! . . . Busted, by God! . . . When you say that, smile. Wait till you see the churchhill essay 911 whites of essay, their eyes. With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right. Ward Churchhill? I am not a Virginian, but an American. You can hear men in assembly summoned, there in Philadelphia, hear the application scratch of their quills as they wrote words for the hour and produced a document for the ages. You can hear them demanding guarantees for which they suffered through the hell of war, hear a Yankee voice intoning the ward churchhill essay text of ten brief amendments. You can hear the slow cadences of a gaunt and weary man at Gettysburg, dedicating not a cemetery, but a nation. You can hear those echoes as you walk along the apache myth streets, hear them in the rumble of traffic; you can hear them as you stand at the lathe, in the roaring factory; hear them in the clack of train wheels, in the drumming throb of the air liner; hear them in ward churchhill essay 911, the corn fields and in school age essay, the big woods and in the mine pits and the oil fields. But they aren't words any longer; they're a way of life, a pattern of living. They're the dawn that brings another day in which to get on the job.
They're the noon whistle, with a chance to get the churchhill 911 kinks out of your back, to get a bowl of soup, a plate of essays, beans, a cup of coffee into your belly. They're evening, with another day's work done; supper with the wife and kids; a movie, or the radio, or the newspaper or a magazine -- and no Gestapo snooping at the door and threatening to kick your teeth in. They are a pattern of life as lived by a free people, freedom that has its roots in rights and ward essay, obligations: The right to family, go to churchhill essay 911, a church with a cross or a star or a dome or a steeple, or not to go to any church at berkeley mba essay all; and the obligation to churchhill essay 911, respect others in apache creation myth essay, that same right. The right to harangue on a street corner, to hire a hall and ward churchhill essay, shout your opinions till your tonsils are worn to a frazzle; and the obligation to apache myth, curb your tongue now and then. The right to go to school, to learn a trade, to enter a profession, to ward, earn an apache myth, honest living; and the obligation to ward 911, do an honest day's work. The right to apache myth, put your side of the argument in the hands of a jury; and the obligation to churchhill essay, abide by the laws that you and your delegates have written in problems essay, the statute books. The right to choose who shall run our government for us, the right to a secret vote that counts just as much as the next fellow's in the final tally; and the obligation to use that right, and churchhill 911, guard it and keep it clean.
The right to hope, to dream, to pray; the obligation to serve. These are some of the meanings of those four words, meanings we don't often stop to tally up or even list. Only in in our, the stillness of a moonless night, or in the quiet of a Sunday afternoon, or in the thin dawn of a new day, when our world is close about us, do they rise up in essay, our memories and stir in our sentient hearts. Only then? That is not wholly so -- not today! For today we are drilling holes and driving rivets, shaping barrels and loading shells, fitting wings and welding hulls, And we are remembering Wake Island, and Bataan, and Corregidor, and essays, Hong Kong and Singapore and Batavia; We are remembering Warsaw and Rotterdam and ward essay 911, Rouen and Coventry. Remembering, and muttering with each rivet driven home: There's another one for remembrance! They're plain words, those four.
Simple words. You could write them on age essay, your thumbnail, if you chose, Or you could sweep them all across the sky, horizon to horizon. You could grave them on stone, you could carve them on the mountain ranges. You could sing them, to the tune of Yankee Doodle. But you needn't. You needn't do any of ward churchhill 911, those things, For those words are graven in the hearts of 130,000,00 people, they are familiar to 130,000,000 tongues, every sound and berkeley mba essay, every syllable. But when we speak them we speak them softly, proudly, gratefully: I am an American. We do honor to the stars and stripes as the emblem of our country and essay, the symbol of all that our patriotism means. We identify the flag with almost everything we hold dear on essays in canada, earth.
It represents our peace and security, our civil and political liberty, our freedom of religious worship, our family, our friends, our home. We see it in the great multitude of blessings, of rights and privileges that make up our country. But when we look at our flag and behold it emblazoned with all our rights, we must remember that it is equally a symbol of our duties. Every glory that we associate with it is the result of churchhill, duty done. School Age Essay? A yearly contemplation of our flag strengthens and purifies the national conscience. In response to ward essay 911, a request from England for a description of Col. George Washington, his aide-de-camp, John Francis Mercer, wrote: He may be described as being as straight as an Indian, measuring six feet two inches in his stockings and weighing 175 pounds when he took his seat in the House of Burgesses in apache creation myth, 1759. His frame is ward padded with well developed muscles, indicating great strength. His bones and joints are large, as are his feet and hands.
He is observation wide shouldered, but has not a deep or round chest; is neat waisted, but is broad across the hips, and has rather long legs and arms. His head is well shaped though not large, but is gracefully poised on a superb neck. A large and churchhill, straight rather than a prominent nose; blue-gray eyes which are widely separated and overhung by a heavy brow. Reference For School Application? His face is long rather than broad, with high round cheek bones, and terminates in a good firm chin. He has a clear though rather colorless pale skin, which burns with the sun. A pleasing, benevolent, though a commanding countenance, dark brown hair, which he wears in ward churchhill essay, a cue. His mouth is large and generally firmly closed, but which from time to time discloscs some defective teeth. His features are regular and placid, though fiexible and expressivc of essay writing for history, deep feeling when moved by essay 911 emotion.
What strange doubts assail this timid generation of today as it beholds the challenges to both liberty and equality. We seem beset with fear not faith, with doubt not confidence, with compromise not conviction, with dismay not dedication. We are drenched with the literature of fear and letter, doubt. Survival has become the main theme. Ward Churchhill Essay 911? The fall-out shelter from which the stars of hope and courage cannot be seen has become the symbol of creation, our fears and misgivings. Are we to become fearful, unworthy legatees in essay, a blessed, united land where the earth is fertile to our every need, where the skills and ingenuity of men are boundless, where the burdens are bearable, where decent living is within the reference for school application reach of all, and ward churchhill 911, where the genius to produce is unlimited?
Perhaps we have lost our sense of continuity? Perhaps we have forgotten that we move in that same endless stream which began with our forefathers and which will flow on and on to embrace our children and our children's children. Essay Writing? If we have, there will have gone with it that sense of individual responsibility which is the last best hope that a nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to equality can long endure. Comes then the reminder from the man from Illinois. Men died here and men are sleeping here who fought under a July sun that the nation might endure, united, free, tolerant, and devoted to equality.
The task was unfinished. It is never quite finished. I was born an ward, American; I live an American; I shall die an American; and I intend to essays on prohibition in canada, perform the duties incumbent upon me in that character to the end of my career. I mean to do this with absolute disregard of personal consequences. What are the personal consequences? What is the individual man, with all the good or evil that may betide him, in comparison with the good or evil which may befall a great country, and in the midst of great transactions which concern that country's fate? Let the consequences be what they will, I am careless. No man can suffer too much, and no man can fall too soon, if he suffer, or if he fall, in the defense of the liberties and ward, constitution of his country. Daniel Webster Speaks at Bunker Hill. The first time I ever saw Mr.
Webster was on the 17th of June, 1825, at the laying of the corner-stone of the Bunker Hill Monument. I shall never forget his appearance as he strode across the apache creation myth open area, encircled by some fifty thousand persons—men and women, waiting for churchhill essay, the Orator of the Day, nor the shout that simultaneously burst forth, as he was recognized, carrying up to the skies the name of reference letter, Webster! Webster! Webster! It was one of those lovely days in June, when the sun is bright, the air clear, and ward churchhill 911, the breath of nature so sweet and pure as to fill every bosom with a grateful joy in the mere consciousness of school age essay, existence. There were present long files of ward churchhill essay 911, soldiers in their holiday attire; there were many associations, with their mottoed banners; there were lodges and grand lodges, in white aprons and essay writing for history, blue scarfs; there were miles of citizens from the towns and the country round about; there were two hundred gray-haired men, remnants of the days of the Revolution. Mr. Webster was in the very zenith of his fame and of his powers. There was a grandeur in his form, an intelligence in his deep dark eye, a loftiness in his expansive brow, a significance in his arched lip, altogether beyond those of any other human being I ever saw. And these, on the occasion to which I allude, had their full expression and interpretation.
When he came to address the few scarred and time-worn veterans, some forty in number, who had shared in ward 911, the bloody scene which all had now gathered to commemorate, he paused a moment, and, as he uttered the words Venerable men, his voice trembled, and I could see a cloud pass over the sea of faces that turned upon the speaker. He said: Our poor work may perish, but thine shall endure: this monument may moulder away, the solid ground it rests upon berkeley mba essay questions, may sink down to the level of the sea; but thy memory shall not fail. Wherever among men a heart shall be found that beats to the transports of patriotism and liberty, its aspirations shall claim kindred with thy spirit! I have never seen such an effect, from a single passage. Lifted as by inspiration, every breast seemed now to expand, every gaze to turn above, every face to beam with a holy yet exulting enthusiasm.
It was the omnipotence of eloquence, which, like the agitated sea, carries a host upon its waves, sinking and swelling with its irresistible undulations.
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Professor Under Fire For 9/11 Comments (washingtonpost com)
Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of ward essay 911, nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and berkeley questions, Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the essay hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in today’s hiring process. We hope the information provided here will help you create an amazing resume! First, it’s important to observation age essay, have an ward churchhill essay idea of how the hiring process typically works in order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details. When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of observation, resumes. Churchhill! In some cases, the essay for history resumes are electronically ranked by ward 911, Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for essay, resumes that include the critical skills and experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the ward churchhill rankings and resumes and pass along the “best” candidates to the hiring managers. It’s important to essay for history, note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the critical details. If the information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process.
It’s important to note that missing these details is not the nurse’s fault. Unfortunately, the vast majority of informational resources pertaining to resumes is essay 911 very general in nature. General resources are useful only for creation, people with very general careers like “Sales”. These resources are mostly useless for ward churchhill essay 911, nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail. Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to family reference application, include in their resumes. Skimming the ward essay list below may leave the impression that everything on mba essay questions it is obvious. However, reading the details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to Include on ward essay 911 Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to any.
For example, if you belong to essays, the American Association of Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over others. 9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and awards they’ve received. Ward Churchhill Essay! Examples include honors and reference letter, awards from essay, school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Problems Essay! Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to ward churchhill essay, place these items under their own heading.
However, this isn’t necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the observation school rest of ward essay, your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details: Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is observation a must. Churchhill 911! Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from observation age essay, consideration. This is because the information is ward churchhill essay often required for the resume to move through the process and it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. Observation School! So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the essay 911 information in favor one that does. Provide at least the problems following information about churchhill essay 911, your education: Name of school age essay, school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and essay, activities, or your GPA if it was really high.
Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to questions, include details on any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on ward churchhill essay your resume! According to a recent study from Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and in canada, Certification Details: It is highly recommended that you include the following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on churchhill essay license if different from in our, name on resume License expiration date License number If the license is essay part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of mba essay questions, privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. Essay! They can be easily obtained from each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on your resume.
Providing the essay license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier. Ward Churchhill 911! And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to convey the shifts you’re willing to work on family reference letter application your nursing resume. Are you open to working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts?
Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Churchhill! Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to family letter for school, specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Ward! Including your availability is observation school age essay very helpful for general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is ward going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have.
According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on for school the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in job advertisements. So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the ward churchhill type of facility you worked in tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. You should know the exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the time to find out. Short term acute care? Long Term Care?
Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in essay, the resume Summary to make it stand out.
Include the number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in the specific units on which you worked. Just like the churchhill essay facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. Apache Creation Essay! Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is.
Also include your caseload. What was the nurse to patient ratio in this unit, and how much support was there in ward churchhill essay, the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Reference Letter For School! Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units? If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow? 1. Specific Details/Duties and churchhill essay 911, Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience:
Up to this point, the focus has been on incidental, although very important, details. But what about the meat of your resume, the essay job descriptions and experiences that make up the ward essay bulk of your resume? When it comes to this, nurses are in the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into essay, quantifiable and tangible results for ward essay, your current and previous employers. Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on your resume.
However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the in our life essay same time, they too want to know about your accomplishments. Therefore, it’s important to include details about the churchhill 911 specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at the same time, you don’t want to school age essay, fall into the trap of creating a “duties-driven resume”. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes.
Before we continue, it’s best to ward churchhill essay 911, address the berkeley mba essay questions 800 pound gorilla in churchhill, this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of for school application, space. It’s simply too general. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is churchhill essay very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. Family Application! In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. Churchhill Essay 911! For example, the Step-Down Unit at myth essay one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to essay, consider when determining the types of duties to include on your resume.
This list is age essay not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab?
What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps?
Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in churchhill essay, nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to in our life essay, make note of those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and duties to include on the resume. First, start by ward churchhill 911, including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list.
Use the company website, news, and any professional connections you have in problems life essay, an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. Ward 911! First, you can incorporate the duties into your “accomplishment statements”. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is creation myth less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for churchhill essay, this. For example, you might include the reference letter for school application following in your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search.
Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the ward churchhill 911 healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to convey your skills to potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for writing for history, Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments. First, you can try to frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in order to knock them both out at 911 the same time. Family Reference Letter For School! In other words, offer an explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations:
Did you receive recognition or awards from ward churchhill essay 911, your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. Essay Writing For History! For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that?
Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Ward Essay 911! Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to apache creation myth essay, list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. In any case, it’s important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise.
Did you float to ward essay, the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to provide some reference to the skills and reference letter application, accomplishments you achieved in these areas. General perspective on ward essay 911 nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume. However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the push to force nursing and healthcare resumes to essays on prohibition, conform to ward 911, the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and problems in our life, experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is 911 even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and creation, other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ward essay 911 ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals.
So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to essays, countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. Churchhill Essay 911! How to Write the observation school age essay Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu.
How do i go about addressing those different areas and responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. Ward Churchhill! This site is school age essay of so much help to me. thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in an ICU. The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for churchhill essay, experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for new nurses that want to for history, work in ICU. I just want to apply to the new nurse position and i really don’t mind the pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ward churchhill essay, ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on age essay my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the churchhill essay ANCC instructs to problems in our essay, do so on their website.
I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to me. Ward Churchhill 911! I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. Berkeley Mba Essay! I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak – as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to ward churchhill, Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay!
Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and creation, Certifications section of ward essay 911, your resume. The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out on prohibition in canada, of the ward churchhill essay 911 acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years. I have heard over and over that because I have been out of the on prohibition acute care setting for ward churchhill, so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the for history positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood.
I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to essay 911, give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in essay for history, cardiac telemetry. One of the ward churchhill essay 911 biggest hurdles to applying at any VA facility is the school age essay fact that USA Jobs is ward 911 a digital screening tool as much as it is an problems life essay online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and being passed over. Hope this helps! In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards.
I’m working on ward churchhill 911 applying for a position that is open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the essays in canada unit during that time for the hospital’s certification/recognition. If so, how would you go about including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an churchhill accomplishment for in canada, myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica.
Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. Ward! If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in school age essay, the achievement, then you may want to 911, expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. Apache! You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out essay 911, a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about every surgery setting from problems essay, Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the ward essay 911 past I have managed a surgery department at essays on prohibition a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to have been able to take off time to stay home and ward churchhill 911, be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on my resume. How would you go about filling in the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR.
My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for problems life, me as I try entering the job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on churchhill essay how to essay writing, handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of ward essay, experiences.
In your case, you would focus on all of writing, your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in ward churchhill 911, your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of mba essay questions, challenge.
However, experienced nurses are in high demand at ward churchhill essay 911 the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to problems in our essay, draw attention to your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to essay 911, find the gap no matter what. In Our Life! So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the ward essay 911 chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and corrections for about 5 years now.
I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and creation, long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to ward essay, make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. Essays On Prohibition In Canada! How important are listing awards?
I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Churchhill! Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language? Thanks for family for school, your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the awards to your resume. You could do one of two things. Simply list them out by their official name. There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on the internet and find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in parentheses. Churchhill Essay 911! For example: X Award (earned for valor in action).
Either way, if you have a lot of apache, awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of them, then put them in ward churchhill 911, columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to problems in our life, save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. Ward Churchhill! My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. That said, I’d recommend reviewing the apache myth essay job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and thanks again! I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the ward essay Mobile Unit). The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to cover all of reference letter for school, this detail without leaving a lot out ward churchhill essay 911, or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet.
My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for observation age essay, your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. Find out what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on ward churchhill essay a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the problems life time and ICU patients 50% of the time.
The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Unit sizes varied from churchhill essay 911, 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to observation school, convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Ward Churchhill 911! Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. You can complete and save skills checklists on BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in another field.
He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move. Should he address the clinical gap in problems life, his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. 911! It’s fairly common for hospitals to essay writing for history, require the last 7 years of ward, work history to be included on creation myth their job applications. Churchhill Essay! A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for life, resumes. Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. I hope this information helps!
I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months). How should I address this on my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. I hope this helps! Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume.
We discuss this in ward churchhill, our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. They say that all that matters is myth that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. Ward Churchhill Essay! And we know that’s not true.
It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over because you included your high GPA. Mba Essay! Meanwhile, many hospitals and essay, hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps! Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for berkeley mba essay, my previous employers?
If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of ward, my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to myth, find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in ward, advance for in our, your response. Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. Churchhill! That said, the general rule is that you should not include the apache creation contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on ward your resume. Apache Creation! In fact, you don’t need to include the complete address either.
The city and state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for ward churchhill, most jobs on the company’s website through an essays applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. Churchhill 911! In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to school age essay, find current information for your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. Essay 911! They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the “advanced search” for best results. Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc.
If you are unable to berkeley questions, locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site. If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search.
Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of work history because you don’t want to essay, date yourself. They’re concerned about “ageism” in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Creation Myth! Please let me know if there are further questions! Help! I have over 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and churchhill, outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience.
What do I need to do to berkeley mba essay, get into ward essay 911, these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to hear about apache creation myth essay, your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into an entirely new field. Essay 911! However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. Creation Essay! If you have experience with that system, then be sure to essay, include it on essays your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in your situation. Also, review the specific details of ward essay, each job opening and tailor your resume to letter for school application, include the key requirements where applicable.
Check to ward essay, see if there is a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the school age essay people you’ve interviewed with previously to see what they say. Churchhill Essay 911! If so, look into creation essay, certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of ward essay 911, useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience?
Thank you for all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on the members’ profiles and resumes. Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to application, have it easily accessible on your resume.
However, it’s also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to ward, locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now I’m trying to berkeley mba essay questions, move to a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and churchhill, medical college? I work in myth, a program that enrolls military medic and corpsman and gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is what should the graduates highlight on ward essay 911 their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and age essay, nursing care experience. Suggestions?
Hi! I have a question / concern. I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to essay 911, apply to observation school, an ICU position and I need to update my resume. I don’t know what to include. Ward Churchhill Essay 911! Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for on prohibition in canada, 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume!
We’re glad to hear the churchhill 911 information was useful. Berkeley! Congratulations on being asked to apply for ward churchhill essay 911, an ICU position. Family! That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of ward churchhill essay 911, your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the school age essay job and ward churchhill essay, the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to family application, have found your blog page! I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned.
Indeed, the day of the ward 911 one page crammer is berkeley mba essay passe’. Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. Ward Churchhill 911! [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the information is useful. Creation Myth! To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. Ward Churchhill 911! However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and on prohibition, choose your words wisely. Churchhill 911! Don’t be overly verbose and in our, don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about ward churchhill, a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to problems essay, the job posting where applicable based on 911 your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for essay writing, this article!
I realized that my resume was not up to par by reading this. 911! I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on observation school age essay the day to day. Ward! I recently worked at life essay a hospital for 4 months and ward 911, resigned due to it not being a good fit. For History! It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Should I include it on my resume? You’re welcome! We’re glad to ward, hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the family reference short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers. That’s a valid concern. On the ward flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to mba essay questions, add to ward essay, your nursing resume.
There is another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Family! Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on their ability to verify the omitted employment. This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is typically the document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to completed.
If you choose to ward churchhill essay 911, add the omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. Questions! If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of 911, why you left in in our life, your cover letter. It’s all about the 911 story you tell. We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question.
I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job. Essay! Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to churchhill essay 911, hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and work experience. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. Family Letter For School Application! For all intents and purposes, it is ward churchhill work experience.
However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Essay! Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the essay 911 importance of professional networking when landing your first job. Berkeley Questions! 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. Churchhill 911! While your resume is important, networking is the key…especially for new grads. We hope this information helps. Best of luck!! Great info – I could have used that for in canada, my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and ward essay 911, hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at questions the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi!
We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for the suggestion. We’ll explore the ward essay 911 topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Do you have any sample resume and application letter? We’re glad to hear the information is useful, Meth!
Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for myth essay, free as a member of churchhill essay, BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on essay writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. How far back should I go?
None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to ward essay, be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! We’re glad to hear the apache myth information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an instructor to be a reference. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on ward churchhill essay 911 your resume aren’t so cut and dry. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of problems essay, career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. Churchhill 911! However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher.
You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on creation myth essay optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education.
I’d say it would be good to essay 911, add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. You are right on the money….the resume I had for my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. I am currently looking for berkeley questions, a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasn’t going to work.
I was destined to 911, be one of writing, those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on essay 911 your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful.
We wish you the best of essay writing, luck in your job search. We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Ward Churchhill! Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from essay writing, KS to PA in 2012. Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to be sure to apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long.
How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the essay fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. Essay! It seems the practice of the three major ‘players’ in essay 911, this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in problems in our, favor of hiring new grads and those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an ward essay 911 interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. Essay! The next step at this particular hospital required by ward churchhill, the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in nursing since 1974! LPN in 1977 and BSN in 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to apache creation myth, make certain we give you recognition for all the years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the ward essay last I heard from reference letter application, them.
I contend she realized I would have to ward churchhill 911, start at the upper end of on prohibition in canada, compensation for my experience. 911! Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to creation myth, these concerns. I am ready to consult with the department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to ward essay, decrease costs per essays, fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues.
Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU. I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD.
How can I use my experience and make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful! You can view the ward churchhill essay 911 BluePipes sample resume to apache, get an idea for formatting yours. Churchhill Essay 911! Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and family letter application, SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to ward churchhill 911, address the unique technical skills required for these units. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and essay, newborns in your community. Churchhill 911! While it’s always tough to creation, find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for ward essay 911, your community and getting some relevant experience to add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article.
I have been an RN for 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care. I would like to transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the berkeley questions article useful. 911! Yours is in our life a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to churchhill 911, bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing.
Carefully review the job duties and qualifications of bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for framing your recent experience in a way that applies to bedside nursing. Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the for history employer in churchhill essay 911, question. Essays On Prohibition In Canada! Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience. Ward Churchhill! Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the result of employee referral.
With 9 years of apache creation myth, experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it. Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the ward essay 911 benefits of refresher courses for apache creation essay, bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!!
i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and ward 911, have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Last week I became certified in school age essay, ACLS and churchhill essay, was wondering how to go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from problems, that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is a great question. You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and ward, update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to essays on prohibition in canada, other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck!
I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. Essay! When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work. Apache Myth! I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to ward churchhill essay 911, accompany their resume. The additional touch of essay writing, a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an edge over other applicants who omit this step. Ward Churchhill Essay! I found some good details on cover letters for problems life, nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons.
First, the churchhill job applied for observation, isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Ward Churchhill! Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. Questions! With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. Essay 911! This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employer’s ability to berkeley, accurately display the shifts. Ward Essay! Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on essay the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for essay 911, future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the letter for school application most attributes in common with any given job description. So in all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for ward churchhill, a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for.
However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals. School! In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is ward churchhill essay being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to problems, a contact who has connections with the essay 911 employer in question. The resume is problems in our life essay reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and ward essay, hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and apache creation, related to this topic. Essay! However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is writing great information!
As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in ward churchhill essay, the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for observation age essay, recruiters. Ward Churchhill! Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is great!
Although I’m still an apache creation myth undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in mind when applying for essay, a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is in our essay a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to churchhill essay, know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful!
Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. In fact, Spanish is apache creation myth essay a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of your preceptorship. Ward Churchhill Essay 911! Be at your best and use the opportunity to network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!!
Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of berkeley mba essay questions, experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for ward churchhill, hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and creation essay, a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is essay 911 not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to apache myth essay, add some experience. Thanks! We’re happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia!
You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and churchhill essay 911, you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on mba essay questions your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is related to the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience.
Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of essay, whether or not it was healthcare related. Family Reference Letter For School! While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at ward essay 911 some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps! This information is essays on prohibition very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an essay 911 MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education.
I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. However, it could have influence later in the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume?
Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to berkeley mba essay, the blog at ward 911 this time. However, we will work on getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in essay writing for history, a new state and essay 911, have read a lot of advice on Nurses.com that is wrong.
I’ll take the advice of age essay, a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of ward, protecting it at all cost due to apache creation, identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on churchhill essay 911 your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume.
I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to school, date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial. First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for ward 911, the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of family letter for school, public record already. Anybody can go to your state board of nursing and search by name to verify your state license, which includes the ward churchhill essay 911 license number.
So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in essays, provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Providing it on your resume simply allows the ward churchhill 911 human resources rep to on prohibition in canada, skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain. And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and ward 911, Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on essays in canada job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and ward essay 911, now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and essays, MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and ward churchhill essay 911, don’t have credits towards the degree. Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is no steadfast answer. My belief is that it wouldn’t be appropriate to include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program.
However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an family reference additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by churchhill, anyone. I’m an older new grad. I recently had someone look at apache creation one of ward churchhill essay, my resumes and give me her input. For School! She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and grad studies, not to churchhill essay, mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences.
It seems like the essays RN to BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of my BA. OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of employment history. Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to add on education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation!
This is a tough situation. Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and churchhill, cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for on prohibition in canada, the job while providing them with the essay 911 details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about in canada, you being the best candidate for essay, the job in question. Given the information you’ve provided about essays on prohibition, your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that.
Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps.
We’d love to hear back about how it all works out!!
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7 Common MBA Essay Questions and How to Tackle Them. There are a handful of business school essay questions that seem to capture the heart and imagination of many an ward churchhill 911 MBA program. It seems that, across the essays board, admissions committees feel these queries offer the best insight into the minds of ward churchhill essay 911 their applicants. You are likely to see a version of one or more of these common MBA essay questions on your b-school application. These tips will help you craft the perfect answer. 1. Describe your specific career aspirations and your reason for pursuing an MBA. Observation School! This may be the most important essay question you tackle. Ward Churchhill 911! You must convince the admissions committee that you deserve one of mba essay questions their few, cherished spots. Reference your background, skills, and career aspirations, demonstrating how this degree is a bridge to the next step in your professional life.
Be sure to speak to how this particular program will help you realize your potential. Ward Churchhill 911! It's okay to present modest goals. Deepening your expertise and broadening your perspective are solid reasons for pursuing this degree. If you aspire to lofty goals, like becoming a CEO or starting your own company, be careful to detail a sensible (read: realistic), pragmatic plan. 2. What are your principal interests outside of work or school? What leisure and/or community activities do you particularly enjoy?
There's more to b-school than the library. The best programs buzz with the energy of a student body that is apache talented and creative and bursting with personality. These students are not just about case studies and careers. Describe how you will be a unique addition to the business school community. B-school is also a very social experience. Much of the ward work is done in groups.
Weekends are full of social gatherings or immersion experiences, and the networking you do here will impact the rest of your career. Communicate that people, not just your job, are an important part of your life. Reference Letter Application! The admissions committee wants to know the qualities, attributes and strengths you value in ward churchhill essay 911, others and hope to reference for school application, embrace. Drive, discipline and vision are fine examples but try and look beyond these conventional characteristics. Tell a story and provide specific examples. If you choose someone famous (which is churchhill fine), remember that you risk being one of many in the pile. Instead, consider a current boss, business associate, or friend. Know that your choice of person is less important than what you say about him or her.
4. Describe a situation in which you led a team. What challenges did you face, and how did you overcome them? The committee isn't looking to see how you saved the team through your heroic efforts (so put yourself on ego alert). They want to age essay, see how you helped foster an environment in which everyone contributes, illustrating that the sum is churchhill essay 911 greater than its parts. B-schools like leaders, but they like leaders who can help everyone get along and arrive at problems in our, a collaborative solution.
You should shift gears for this question. Almost the entire application process thus far has asked you to showcase me-me-me. Churchhill! Now the focus of your story needs to mba essay questions, be on the we and essay 911 how you made the we happen. 5. Our business school is family letter a diverse environment. How will your experiences contribute to this? This essay gets at two concerns for the admissions committee: (1) how will you enrich the student body at churchhill 911, this school and apache myth essay (2) what is your attitude toward others' diverse backgrounds? Diversity comes in ward essay 911, many shapes. If a grandparent or relative is an immigrant to this country, you can discuss the impact of his or her values on your life. Perhaps you are the first individual in your family to on prohibition, attend college or graduate school.
Maybe you are involved in ward churchhill essay 911, a meaningful or unusual extracurricular activity. Whatever you choose to write, it's vital that you discuss how it contributes to mba essay, your unique perspective. Churchhill Essay 911! 6. Describe a personal achievement that has had a significant impact on your life. Don't pull your hair out just because you haven't founded a successful start-up or swum across the English Channel. Smaller accomplishments with a lot of apache creation essay personal significance are just fine if they demonstrate character, sacrifice, humility, dedication, or perseverance. A good essay describes how you reached a personal objective and what that meant to you. Maybe you didn't lead a sports team to a victory.
Maybe the victory was that you made it onto the team . Ward 911! 7. Discuss a non-academic personal failure. What did you learn from the experience? Many applicants make the mistake of answering this question with a failure that is really a positive. Or they never really answer the question, fearful that any admission of failure will throw their whole candidacy into jeopardy. Don't get crafty. You should answer with a genuine mistake that the committee will recognize as authentic.
Write about a failure that had some high stakes for you. Demonstrate what you learned from your mistake and how it helped you mature. This is a chance to show b-schools your ability to be honest, show accountability, and face your failures head-on. Take a GMAT practice test with us under the same conditions as the real thing. You'll get a personalized score report highlighting your strengths and areas of improvement. The Staff of The Princeton Review.
Our world-class GMAT prep will get you ready for on prohibition in canada, test day. Find MBA Programs Matched to Your Interests. Explore our featured business schools to find those that are looking for students like you. On a mission to ward, increase your salary? Check out our Top 25 Online MBA ranking based on academics, career outcomes, tech platforms, and more. Problems In Our Essay! Find out which schools have the best track records for getting students jobsand the highest starting salaries. Ready to build your own business from the essay ground up?
Check out these 50 graduate and undergraduate programs. We know that great scores take work. Creation Myth Essay! That's why we design our courses to ward churchhill essay, be efficient, targeted and strategic so you make the most of every minute you spend prepping. Our experts know how to essays, design lessons based on how you're learning. Ward Churchhill 911! That means we don't just record classroom lessons and essays put them in our Self-Paced prepwe design lessons FOR Self-Paced. We love our teachers, and essay 911 so will you. We look for proven expertise and a sense of humor, and that's BEFORE we put them through 40 hours of letter for school training! We guarantee you’ll get higher scores and have an exceptional test prep experience. If you don’t, we’ll refund your tuition or let you prep again for free.
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essay on economy However, the problem is that economists may often disagree on the best solution to these challenges. Essay! For example, at creation the start of the great depression in 1930, leading economists in the UK Treasury suggested that the ward essay UK needed to balance the budget; i.e. higher taxes, lower unemployment benefits. But, this made the recession deeper and led to a fall in apache creation myth essay, demand. The over production of negative externalities (e.g. pollution/congestion) The underproduction of goods with positive externalities (e.g. Churchhill 911! education, health care, public transport). Non-provision of Public Goods - (national defence, law and order) In recent years, behavioural economics has looked at myth the diverse range of factors that influence people's decisions. For example, behavioural economists have noted that individuals can exhibit present-bias focus.
This means placing excess importance on the current time period and making decisions our future self may regret. This includes over-consumption of 911, demerit goods like alcohol and tobacco and failure to save for a pension. What may cause a run on the Pound? A run on the pound is more likely in a semi fixed exchange rate. Myth Essay! e.g. when the Government is committed to trying to keep the Pound at a certain level. If markets feel this level is unsustainable they may keep selling Pounds until the ward churchhill government is forced to devalue. For example, in 1992, the UK tried to maintain value of Sterling in ERM, but, ultimately markets forced the UK out and we had to devalue. The graph above shows the near 20% devaluation in 1992. We also had a run on the pound in observation school, the late 60s, causing the Wilson government to devalue pound. (In 1967, Wilson devalued pound by 15% after selling many foreign currency reserves trying to maintain value of Pound) In 1976, there was another on the Pound as markets feared the ward essay UK's fiscal position. School Age Essay! Financial crisis depreciation. The credit crunch of 2008 hit the UK economy hard because it was more reliant on the financial sector than most other economies.
Other potential causes of a run on the Pound. High inflation - high inflation reduces the value of Pound Sterling. Foreign investors will be nervous of holding UK assets if the UK has high inflation. Essay 911! Threat of sovereign debt default . If markets feel government borrowing is too high and unsustainable then there is a risk of foreigners losing their government bonds. Therefore, the market will sell bonds causing an outflow of foreign currency and apache myth essay, fall in value of sterling. This can build up a momentum effect.
As the fall in the currency can alarm other investors. Large current account deficit. A large current account deficit implies we rely on capital flows to finance the current account deficit. Therefore, the UK would be more vulnerable to capital flight. Churchhill Essay 911! In this circumstance a run on the Pound would be stronger. However, the UK has run a persistent current account deficit since the berkeley 1980s. (See: Current account deficit) Is the UK at risk from a Run on the Pound?
Would membership of Euro protect against a run on the Pound? Link between inflation and interest rates. Interest rates can influence the rate of inflation and churchhill, the rate of economic growth. The Bank of life essay, England change the 'base' interest rate to try and target the government's inflation rate of 2% +/-1 Generally, an increase in inflation leads to higher interest rates. A fall in the inflation rate and churchhill essay 911, lower growth leads to lower interest rates. Graph Showing Inflation and Interest Rates in the UK. Real Interest Rates.
Typically, nominal interest rates are 1 - 2 % higher than inflation. Essays In Canada! When interest rates are higher than inflation, it means savers are protected against the effects of inflation. Churchhill Essay 911! However, in 2008 and 2011, we had a period of negative real interest rates. This meant the inflation rate was higher than the base rate. A negative real interest rate is bad news for savers, but good news for borrowers. Essays On Prohibition In Canada! Response to Rising Inflation. If inflation rises, generally, the essay Bank of essay for history, England increases interest rates to reduce inflationary pressure. 911! Higher interest rates tend to reduce consumer spending. This is because homeowners see an increase in the cost of their mortgage payments and have less disposable income. Therefore, they spend less.
Also, higher interest rates increase the incentive to save and reduce the incentive to borrow. Therefore, an increase in essays on prohibition in canada, interest rates tends to reduce the rate of economic growth and ward essay 911, prevent inflationary pressures. See more on: Effects of Higher interest rates on economy Response to life, Fall in Inflation Rate. Lower interest rates increase motivation to borrow Lower interest rates mean cheaper mortgage payments and increase disposable income. Why A Cut in Interest Rates May Not Work. The recession was so sharp that investment and consumption have fallen dramatically and so the ward churchhill essay 911 cuts in interest rates have only mitigated the extent of the family letter downturn House Price falls provide a powerful negative impact on spending. Lower interest rates should boost spending. But, with house prices falling 20% since the peak, this has reduced consumer wealth and therefore reduced spending. Global downturn.
Even sharp depreciation has been unable to boost export growth because of the extent of the economic downturn. Time Lags. A cut in ward churchhill 911, interest rates can take a long time to have an essay for history, effect. For example, people with a two-year fixed rate mortgage won't notice for quite a long time. (until they re-mortgage. Also, commercial banks may be reluctant to pass the interest rate cut onto consumers. In some circumstances, the Central Bank may not increase interest rates, despite an increase in inflation. For example, in 2008 and 2011, we had a rise in inflation to 5%, but, the Central Bank kept interest rates low.
Why? They kept interest rates low because: They felt inflation was just due to temporary cost-push factors like higher taxes and volatile food prices increasing They felt economy was at risk of essay, inflation. Therefore, it was more important to tolerate a temporarily higher inflation rate, than increase interest rates and push the economy back into recession. Related. UK Exchange Rate Mechanism Crisis 1992. In October 1990, the UK made the decision to join the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) The ERM was a semi-fixed exchange rate mechanism. The value of the Pound was supposed to be kept at a certain level against the DM.
Keep inflation low Provide stability for exporters encouraging trade Enable countries to problems life, join the single currency - the churchhill 911 Euro. In the late 1980s, the chancellor, Nigel Lawson was keen to join the problems life ERM. Ward! But, Mrs Thatcher with her euro-sceptic views wanted to stay out. Writing For History! The late 1980s saw an churchhill essay 911, extraordinary economic boom - boosted by booming house prices, tax cuts and low interest rates. School Age Essay! Growth reached record levels of 5-6% a year. Enthusiastic government ministers talked of an economic miracle - hoping Government policies had enabled, at ward churchhill essay 911 long last, to catch up with other countries like Germany. However, this miracle was an illusion.
High growth was unsustainable and led to inflation.(see: Lawson Boom) With inflation of 10%, Nigel Lawson was able to convince Mrs Thatcher that the problems life UK would benefit from churchhill joining the ERM to help reduce inflation. Therefore, the UK joined in observation age essay, October 1990. at a rate of DM 2.95 to the Pound. Increasing interest rates - this attracts hot money flows - it is more attractive to save in UK with high interest rates. Buying pounds with foreign exchange reserves. However, these policies of protecting the value of the Pound was causing a serious economic downturn. High interest rates particularly hit the housing market.
With rising house prices, many had taken out large mortgages to get on the property ladder. But, now interest rates were increasing, mortgage repayments became unaffordable and default rates increased. Combined with rising unemployment from the recession, the housing market saw a dramatic fall in prices that was to last 4 years. It was increasingly clear to the financial markets that the Pound was overvalued. The government was exhausting its foreign currency reserves in buying pounds. But, more problematically, the high interest rates was causing a serious recession and 911, misery for homeowners. For a long time, the British government fought a losing battle.
But, the foreign currency reserves of the British government were no match for the trillions of Pound Sterling traded on the foreign currency and the pound kept sliding. It is estimated that the Treasury used ?27 billion of foreign currency reserves trying to prop up the in our life Pound. The Treasury estimated the final cost to the taxpayer was estimated at ?3.4 billion. An overvalued currency can lead to lower economic growth, due to uncompetitive exports. Trying to keep currency at a level which is too high, may require high real interest rates - which can cause economic downturn. It is essay 911, hard to buck the market. Even government intervention on foreign currency markets is not sufficient to prevent depreciation if this is what reflects market fundamentals. A devaluation of the writing for history currency can be beneficial for the economy - under certain circumstances. Ward Churchhill 911! This devaluation did not cause significant inflation, because the economy was depressed.
UK Recession of 1991-92 UK devaluation of 1967 - many similarities UK Economic history Factors influencing exchange rate UK Crashes out of ERM in 1992 at BBC Unemployment is A Price well Worth Paying for essays in canada lower inflation - Norman Lamont commenting on essay his own policies. European harmony - European Union countries are no longer at loggerheads like they were in the past. Essay! With the exception of civil war in ward churchhill, Yugoslavia (which wasn't in the EU at the time), Europe has managed to heal the divisions which were so painfully exposed in apache myth essay, the two World Wars in the Twentieth Century. The EU was awarded the churchhill essay 911 Nobel Peace Prize in 2012 for helping to promote peace and reference letter application, international co-operation. Many Eastern European countries are keen to join the EU because they feel it will help promote economic and ward churchhill essay 911, political stability. Essays! Legal and human rights. The EU has a strong commitment to human rights, preventing discrimination and the due process of ward churchhill 911, law. This makes the EU attractive to countries, such as the Ukraine who wish to share in similar legal and human rights. Prospect of membership has helped modernise countries, such as Turkey. The Copenhagen Criteria for EU membership enshrine a commitment to human rights, the rule of on prohibition in canada, law and a market economy.
The prospect of gaining membership of the EU, encourage countries to essay, implement human rights legislation. Economic benefits. EU is one of strongest economic areas in the world. With 500 million people, it has 7.3% of the world's population but accounts for 23% of nominal global GDP. Free trade and removal of non-tariff barriers have helped reduce costs and prices for consumers.
Increased trade with the EU creates jobs and higher income. Over 52% of UK exports are to the EU. Creation Myth! Trade within the EU has increased 30% since 1992. According to one study - over ten years (1993-2003), the Single Market has boosted the EU’s GDP by ˆ877 billion [?588 billion]. This represents ˆ5,700 [?3,819] of extra income per household. A paper, Campos, Coricelli, and Moretti (2014) used the synthetic counterfactuals method (SCM) pioneered by Abadie and Gardeazabal (2003). The red dotted line shows estimated GDP if the country had not been a member of the EU. This shows that even more prosperous EU countries, such as the UK have benefited from higher GDP as a result of being in the EU. Free movement of labour and essay 911, capital have helped create a more flexible economy. Problems In Our Essay! For example, UK and Ireland have benefited from the immigration of Eastern European workers to fill labour market shortages in certain areas, such as plumbing, nursing and cleaning. Far from 'taking jobs', migration has helped increase productive capacity and makes a net contribution to tax revenues. (see impact of net migration) Free movement of labour also enables British people to live and work in Europe.
Roughly 1.6 million British citizens live in the EU outside the UK ( UNCTAD World Investment Report 2010 ) EU migrants are net contributors to UK Treasury. EU migrants tend to be young. Therefore they pay taxes, but use a relatively small share of the NHS and pensions. See: Fiscal effects of ward churchhill 911, immigration. Net migration has helped deal with the UK's demographic timebomb. EU has enabled people to travel freely across national boundaries making trade and tourism easier and cheaper. According to the European Commission, more than 15 million EU citizens have moved to other EU countries to work or to enjoy their retirement. 1.5 million young people have completed part of their studies in another member state with the help of the Erasmus programme.
The possibility to essay writing, study abroad is considered positive by 84% of EU citizens. (benefits of EU) Easier to use qualifications in different member countries. Ward Churchhill Essay! This makes it easier to on prohibition, work abroad without having to retrain in different national qualifications. Mutual recognition of safety standards and rules have helped reduce costs for ward churchhill 911 firms. This has encouraged the development of small and medium business who rely on the low cost of exports. Mba Essay Questions! Social charter enshrines protection for essay workers such as a maximum working week, right to collective bargaining and fair pay for employment. European Arrest Warrant (EAW) scheme has made it easier to track criminals across the European continent. Environmental benefits of the EU. The EU has raised the quality of sea water and beeches, by implementing regulations on water standards 'Bathing Water Directive'. 92% of tourist locations now meet minimum water quality standards. Letter For School! (Clean water at Europa.eu) Tackling global warming.
In 2006, the (EU) committed to reducing its global warming emissions by at least 20 percent of 1990 levels by 2020. The EU has also committed to spending $375 billion a year to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80 percent by 2050 compared to 1990 levels. Churchhill Essay 911! (global warmingpdf) Tackling acid rain. Environmental treaties which have sought to deal with European wide environmental problems such as acid rain. The EU has set strict restrictions on emissions of pollutants, such as sulphur , and other causes of acid rain. (BBC Link) Consumer benefits of the EU. EU competition policy has harmonised regulation of monopoly and cartel power within Europe. Mba Essay Questions! The EU competition policy seeks to avoid abuses of cartels / monopoly / dominant market power and protect the interest of the consumer. Ward Churchhill 911! There has been successful deregulation of airlines, electricity and gas markets.
The EU has reduced the in our price of essay 911, making mobile phone calls abroad. In 2007 EU legislation set maximum charges for making and receiving calls. The EU also agreed with 14 mobile phone manufacturers to create a standard design for chargers from 2011 in order to make life easier for consumers and reduce wastage. In 2014, it is has voted to scrap roaming charges which will drastically reduce the cost of using a mobile phone abroad. (BBC link) Consumers are free to in our essay, shop in any EU countries without paying any tariffs or excise duties when they return home. So what have the EU ever done for us, apart from straightening all those pesky bananas? Recent posts on Brexit and Europe.
Unemployment - A price worth paying for lower inflation? To some extent N.Lamont will claim to be vindicated by events. Although unemployment rose to 3 million in the early 1990s, inflation was reduced and since then the economy has experienced a long period of uninterrupted growth without inflation and unemployment has fallen. 2. Ward 911! Costs of inflation. 1. Unemployment can last for mba essay a long time. Yet, this period of undoubted prosperity and rising living standards helped to mask a decline in the relative competitiveness of the UK economy. UK economic growth in the 1960s. Churchhill Essay! There were brief dips in output, but these were not sustained. Lack of willingness / ability to innovate Poor industrial relations with a growing number of days lost to mba essay questions, strike action.
There was often a break down between owners and managers and increasingly militant trade unions. Some argue this was exacerbated by Britain's class system. Whilst Japanese workers sang company songs with zest and loyalty, British workers were more likely to be working to rule or considering strike action. Barbara Castle as Labour minister tried a moderate reforms of trades unions, through her white paper 'In Place of Strife '. However, the unions effectively lobbied Labour ministers and the reform bill was blocked. Complacency. Some argue that in the post-war period, the UK was affected by complacency of being a global power. 911! This complacency was in stark contrast to the defeated countries of Germany and Japan, who put greater energy into business. The UK was also hampered by coming to terms with letting go its Empire and observation age essay, trying to join Europe.
In the 1960s, two applications to join the churchhill essay 911 EEC were vetoed by observation the French. Lack of public sector infrastructure. Burdened by high post-war debt, the UK struggled to invest in essay 911, new transport and technologies. For example, the UK was still relying on berkeley mba essay steam trains until the essay 911 mid 1960s - later than many other countries who made switch to cheaper and more efficient electricity and diesel. Balance of Payments. In the in canada 1960s, the trade deficit was seen as a vitally important economic statistic, with important politically considerations. Ward 911! Unfortunately, for the Harold Wilson government of the 1960s, the UK trade deficit was embarrassingly large - a result of the decline in competitiveness and a wish to retain a strong pound. Campaigns like 'Buy British' were surprisingly prominent, but, ultimately failed to make any real dent in the trade deficit.
The problem was that if you wanted a car or electrical good that worked - you were much better off buying from overseas. If we made jokes about Skodas and Ladas in the 1980s, British Leyland was the butt of problems in our, many jokes during 60s and 70s. Despite the economic weaknesses of the 1960s, it was still an era of churchhill essay 911, full employment and rising real wages. Compared to the rest of the Twentieth Century, the creation myth 1950s and 60s were a rare period of full employment. Ward Churchhill Essay! In fact, there were serious labour shortages in industries, such as manufacturing and transport, leading to the mass immigration from Commonwealth countries.
Devaluation of 1967. It does not mean that the pound here in creation essay, Britain, in your pocket or purse or in your bank, has been devalued. Essay 911! (BBC) But, it did cause the writing for history price of imports to rise and contribute to 911, rising inflation. It was also hoped the devaluation would tackle. Our decision to devalue attacks our problem at essay the root and that is why the ward 911 international monetary community have rallied round. However, although it proved a temporary boost in competitiveness.
It could not tackle the fundamental issues, such as productivity and school, labour relations. After the Second World War, the UK was left with huge debts. National debt as a % of GDP exceeded 200% of GDP in the early 1950s. Britain was reliant on 911 loans from the United States. Despite growth and a steady reduction in debt to GDP during the family letter for school application 1960s, the UK still required US help. The Lawson Boom of the churchhill 911 late 1980s. The Lawson boom of the late 1980s was a classic example of a 'boom and bust' economic cycle. The late 1980s were a period of rapid economic expansion.
This was caused by rising house prices, tax cuts, lower interest rates and high confidence. However, the boom caused a rise in inflation and a larger current account deficit. Policies to tackle this inflation caused the recession of 1991-92. The Lawson boom followed from the recession of 1981. Life! This recession particularly affected the manufacturing sector and caused unemployment to rise to 3 million.
By 1985, unemployment was still over 2.5 million people. However, from 1986 the government made various decisions which helped to inflate the economy causing an ward churchhill, inflationary boom. Economic growth in the 1980s. In 1987 as a whole, output grew by getting on for 4? per cent., rather more than the rate of inflation which averaged 4.2 per cent. At the same time, unemployment fell faster than in any other year since the war, in every region of the country, and problems life, more than in any other major nation. The plain fact is that the British economy has been transformed. Prudent financial policies have given business and industry the churchhill 911 confidence to expand, while supply side reforms have progressively removed the barriers to mba essay, enterprise. (source) However, this was not the case and economic growth of 4%, led to a growing current account deficit and rising inflation rate.
4. The housing boom. The low-interest rates and the high consumer confidence sparked a housing boom. During the ward essay 911 boom years, house prices rose by essay for history 300% (and more in places like London). Q4 1988 was the peak of the boom period with house prices rising over 30% at an annual rate. Ward Churchhill 911! This boom in house prices caused a rise in household wealth and increased confidence. Equity withdrawal rose to reference for school, record levels, which helped increase consumer spending. By 1988 and 1989, the economy was growing at 5% a year (almost double the essay 911 long run trend rate) Despite signs of family for school application, overheating, the ward churchhill essay government were reluctant to react.
Interest rates were increased, but not as quickly as they could have. Writing For History! Partly they believed there had been an economic miracle - enabling a higher long run trend rate of economic growth. But, also Nigel Lawson, didn't want higher interest rates to ward churchhill essay, boost the value of the berkeley mba essay questions Pound above the 'unofficial exchange rate' he was following. This was a policy known as shadowing the ward essay D-Mark. However, the fast growth meant that inflation started to creep up, eventually reaching over 8% in 1990. A widening current account deficit in the late 1980s was evidence of the family letter for school economic boom. High consumer spending led to a rise in import spending causing a deterioration in the current account. It was also in the 1980s, that we saw rapid financial deregulation, which at the time was considered beneficial.
However, the financial deregulation of building societies was a factor behind the UK credit crunch of 2008. The Lawson Boom also saw a period of widening inequality - helped by cuts to tax rates for ward essay 911 high earners. One interesting outcome of the Lawson Boom was that it encouraged later governments to give responsibility of Monetary Policy to the Bank of England. Apache Myth! The argument was that an independent Bank of England would avoid the political pressure to keep interest rates too low to achieve high growth. Related. How does austerity affect the economy?
However, austerity, during a time of economic weakness often leads to churchhill essay 911, further falls in aggregate demand, higher unemployment and lower economic growth. In some cases, austerity to reduce a budget deficit can be self-defeating, with sharp falls in real GDP, causing debt to GDP ratios to continue to rise. However, in certain cases, 'fiscal austerity' can reduce budget deficits without causing negative economic growth. Lower inflation . Spending cuts will tend to lead to lower inflation. Family Reference Letter For School Application! Firstly, the fall in aggregate demand (AD) will lead to lower inflationary pressures in essay, the economy. Also, if the apache essay government limits public sector wages, this will put downward pressure on wages.
Lower wage growth plays a key role in reducing underlying inflationary pressure. Ireland has been one of more 'successful' countries which has embarked on austerity, but this shows GNP is still significantly below pre -crisis levels (when real GNP was growing at an average rate of close to 5% a year) The UK's budget deficit fell slower than expected. This was partly because growth forecasts proved overly-optimistic. The austerity measures led to a slowdown in growth. What determines the impact of austerity? Exchange rate . Austerity is not as damaging if a country can devalue the exchange rate. This devaluation helps to restore competitiveness much quicker than relying on internal devaluation. The depreciation helps boost export demand. Countries in the Euro, can't devalue and churchhill essay 911, so have to rely solely on internal devaluation to restore competitiveness.
Should we worry about national debt? It is worth bearing in mind that in the 1940s, as well as paying for post war reconstruction, the UK set up the NHS and welfare state. Family Reference For School! There was no austerity panic in churchhill essay, the 1940s! The high government debt levels of the 1940s and 1950s were not a barrier to the post war boom years of the 1950s and 1960s which saw record levels of economic growth. An analogy. When I took out a mortgage loan of observation school age essay, ?140,000, I was left with mortgage payments of ?800 a month.
In 2004, this was nearly 40% of ward, my income. In Canada! However, if my income increases by churchhill 911 3% a year. In 20 years time, it will be much easier to in our essay, pay that mortgage payment of ?800, it will hopefully be 15% of ward 911, my income. To buy a house, it makes sense to writing for history, borrow a mortgage and pay back over 30-40 years. Ward Essay 911! However, although national debt can be effectively managed, there are concerns when debt grows faster than National Income.
For example, in Greece debt to GDP has risen so quickly that it has proved very difficult to stop the ratio of debt to GDP rising. (partly because spending cuts to reduce the deficit, caused lower GDP) As UK debt rose from 35% of GDP to 80% of GDP. Bond yields fell from family reference letter for school 5% to 2% In other-words as debt rose, borrowing costs fell. This is because in economic downturn, there is greater demand for government bonds. In some cases (such as Eurozone economies) higher levels of ward, public debt pushed up bond yields. Reference Letter Application! Higher bond yields are damaging to the economy. It increases the cost of churchhill essay, debt interest payments and is a reflection investors are nervous about the liquidity of government debt.
It forced the economies into austerity which caused a prolonged recession. The UK has seen a fall in bond yields during the recession of 2008-12. This is because, in a recession, private sector saving rises. Therefore, there is demand for safe investments, such as government bonds. In a recession, people don't want to take risks, therefore demand for family reference for school shares and private investment tends to ward churchhill 911, fall. In a recession, government borrowing doesn't tend to cause crowding out.
Government borrowing is merely mopping up private sector saving. Possible reasons to be concerned about government borrowing. However, an ageing population can be resolved without just increasing tax on berkeley questions young workers. The retirement age can be increase to keep the same% of ward essay, population in workforce. 3. Inflationary Pressure. There is a concern that higher levels of national debt can cause inflation. If debt becomes too high, there may be insufficient investors to buy the government securities (the usual way of financing the debt). Therefore, the government may be tempted (or forced) to fill the shortfall in revenue by printing money. Problems Life Essay! Printing money and essay, increasing the essay money supply, will lead to inflation. The problem with inflation, is that it devalues the value of bonds, people will sell bonds, leading to higher interest rates on bonds and higher debt interest payments. If investors see inflation is getting out of control, people will not want to hold bonds.
Foreign investors will sell their securities and ward essay, this will cause a devaluation in the currency. Apache Creation Essay! This is particularly a problem for the US, where foreign countries hold a high % of the national debt.The hyperinflation of Germany in 1922-23 was caused by the government printing money to finance reparation payments to ward 911, the allies. However, it should be pointed out, this hyperinflation is school age essay, quite rare and only occurs if the government prints money recklessly without regard to the fundamental economic situation. Quantitative easing in 2009-12 didn't cause inflation in the UK and US. Churchhill Essay 911! The increase in observation school age essay, the monetary base was very large, but the inflationary impact minimal. Churchhill! - Inflation and quantitative easing. 4. Crowding Out . It is argued that if government borrowing increases, it will cause crowding out of the private sector.
If the private sector buy bonds it means the private sector has less funds for private sector investment. Also, if borrowing increases, interest rates may rise. Higher interest rates also reduce private sector spending and investment. However, in for history, a recession, crowding out doesn't occur because the private sector want to ward churchhill, buy government bonds 5. As National Debt increases as a % of GDP, it means that the interest payments as a % of GDP may increase. Therefore, higher levels of taxes have to be spent on just financing the national debt. If the government increases debt during a period of economic growth - the higher borrowing is likely to crowd out the observation private sector and lead to a decline in private sector investment. If there is a structural deficit caused by spending commitments which can't be met by tax revenues. If the ward government responds to higher debt by printing money; this can cause inflation. e.g. case of essay, Zimbabwe, Germany 1920s.
But, note QE of 2008-12, didn't cause inflation in UK and US because of liquidity trap. How to deal with an ageing population. How UK Pension spending as a % of ward churchhill essay 911, GDP has increased in recent decades.