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How to Create a Rubric for Grading Student Work

Learn how to create a rubric for assessing and grading student work. Using a rubric to grade your students allows you to set specific

Elementary Essay Writing Rubrics

Rubrics essay writing high school

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The 100 Outstanding Journalists in the United States in the Last 100 Years. In March 2012 the faculty at the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University, together with an Honorary Committee of alumni, selected “the 100 Outstanding Journalists in the United States in essay high the Last 100 Years.” The list was selected from more than 300 nominees plus write-ins and was announced at a reception in statement tardiness honor of the 100th anniversary of journalism education at NYU on April 3, 2012. – Mitchell Stephens, Professor of Journalism, NYU. James Agee: a journalist, critic, poet, screenwriter and rubrics writing high school novelist who wrote the text for Let Us Now Praise Famous Men , a celebration of depression-era sharecropper families. Christiane Amanpour: long-time and distinguished international reporter for CNN; now also works for statement about ABC News. Hannah Arendt: a political thinker, author of rubrics writing school, The Origins of Totalitarianism , who reported the Eichmann trial for clothing line business the New Yorker ; those articles were turned into the book Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil in 1963. Russell Baker: a Pulitzer Prize-winning writer and humorist who wrote the popular “Observer” column in the New York Times from 1962 to essay writing high 1998. James Baldwin: an essayist, journalist and novelist whose finely written essays, including “Notes of a Native Son,” “Nobody Knows My Name” and The Fire Next Time , made a significant contribution to the civil-rights movement. Donald L. Barlett: an on disaster for kids investigative journalist who, along with his colleague James B. Steele, won two Pulitzer Prizes and multiple other awards for his powerful investigative series from the 1970s through the 1990s at the Philadelphia Inquirer and later at Time magazine.

Meyer Berger: a fine columnist and feature writer for the New York Times , where he worked, except for a short stretch at writing high school, the New Yorker , from 1928 to 1959; Berger won the research herbal Pulitzer Prize for rubrics essay his report on the murderer Howard Unruh. Carl Bernstein: while a young reporter at the Washington Post in the early 1970s broke the Watergate scandal along with Bob Woodward. Herbert Block (Herblock): a clever and creative Washington editorial cartoonist who coined the thesis term ‘McCarthyism’ and worked for rubrics the Washington Post for 55 years, until his death in 2001. Margaret Bourke-White: a photographer who was among the first women to report on rescore wars and whose pictures appeared on high school the cover of Life magazine, beginning in 1936. Ben Bradlee: executive editor at the Washington Post from 1968 to 1991, who supervised the papers revelatory investigation of the Watergate Scandel. Ed Bradley: a reporter who covered the Vietnam War, the 1976 presidential race, and the White House at CBS and who was a correspondent on 60 Minutes for 26 years. Jimmy Breslin: street-wise, storytelling, Pulitzer-Prize-winning New York City columnist for on disaster management for kids the city’s tabloids over many decades in the second half of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first.

David Brinkley: co-anchor of the top-rated Huntley-Brinkley Report on NBC from 1956 to 1970, which he followed by a distinguished career as an anchor and commentator at rubrics essay writing, NBC and ABC News. David Broder: influential Pulitzer Prize-winning political reporter and thesis columnist, who joined the Washington Post in 1968. Tom Brokaw: anchored NBC’s Nightly News and the network’s special-events coverage, including elections and September 11, from 1982 to 2004. Art Buchwald: a Pulitzer Prize-winning satirist whose humor column, which began in the International Herald Tribune in 1949, was eventually syndicated to more than 550 newspapers. William F. Buckley, Jr.: editor, columnist, author, and TV host who founded the National Review in 1955. Robert Capa: a photographer who documented major historic events including the D-Day landings and the Spanish Civil War; Capa became an rubrics essay high American citizen in 1946. Truman Capote: a novelist whose exhaustively reported and lyrically written 1965 “nonfiction novel,” In Cold Blood , was one of the most respected works of “new journalism.” Rachel Carson: a science writer whose 1962 book Silent Spring called attention to the dangers of pesticides and on disaster management for kids helped inspire the environmental movement. Howard Cosell: an aggressive, even abrasive, sports broadcaster, Cosell was one of the rubrics school first Monday Night Football announcers in 1970 and was on the show until 1983; he was known for his unvarnished commentary and about sympathetic reporting on Muhammad Ali. Walter Cronkite: a reporter who became the best known and rubrics essay high perhaps most respected American television journalist of his time as the rubric question anchor of the CBS Evening News from rubrics essay, 1962 to 1981. Joan Didion: a literary journalist, novelist and memoirist, who helped invent “new journalism” in the 1960s and whose judgmental but superbly written articles have become standard texts in many journalism departments.

W.E.B. Du Bois: a sociologist, civil rights activist, editor, and journalist who is best-known for clothing line business plan template his collection of articles, The Souls of Black Folk , and for writing his columns on race during his tenure as editor of The Crisis , 1910–1934. Barbara Ehrenreich: a journalist and political activist who authored 21 books, including Nickel and Dimed , published in 2001, an expose of the gmat essay rescore living and working conditions of the working poor. Nora Ephron: a columnist, humorist, screenwriter and director, who wrote clever and incisive social and cultural commentary for Esquire and other publications beginning in the 1960s. Walker Evans: a photographer who reported Let Us Now Praise Famous Men along with James Agee and rubrics essay high school earned acclaim for documenting of the faces of the herbal tea Great Depression. Clay Felker: with Milton Glaser in essay high 1968 launched New York magazine, which he had edited when it was a supplement to the Herald Tribune , and helped invent what became the most widely imitated style of magazine journalism in the late twentieth century and beyond.

Dexter Filkins: a wartime reporter and author who writes for the New Yorker , Filkins won the Pulitzer Prize in 2009 along with several other New York Times journalists for reports from Pakistan and clothing line template Afghanistan. Frances FitzGerald: a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist who went to Saigon in 1966 and in 1972, published one of the most influential critiques of the war, Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam . Thomas Friedman: a Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter, columnist and author, Friedman began writing his column on foreign affairs, economics and the environment for rubrics high school the New York Times in 1995. Fred Friendly: president of CBS News in the mid-1960s and the co-creator of the television program “See It Now”; produced an investigation of papers tea, Sen. Joseph McCarthy and essay the renowned 1960 documentary “Harvest of Shame.” Martha Gellhorn: a World War II correspondent whose articles were collected in The Face of War ; she also covered the rubric Vietnam War and the Six Day War in the Middle East. Philip Gourevitch: a staff writer for the New Yorker , reported on high school the Rwanda genocide in his 1998 book We Wish To Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families . Katharine Graham: a publisher who took over the Washington Post after her husband’s suicide in 1963, she resisted White House pressure during the paper’s printing of the Pentagon Papers and the Watergate investigation; her memoir won the Pulitzer Prize in 1998. Linda Greenhouse: a Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter who covered the US Supreme Court for the New York Times for more than 25 years, beginning in 1978. David Halberstam: a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and gmat essay rescore author, known for his coverage of Vietnam, the civil rights movement, politics, and sports. Pete Hamill: reporter, columnist, editor, memoirist and novelist who, beginning with a job as a reporter at the New York Post in rubrics high school 1960, reported, edited or wrote for most of New York City’s newspapers and many magazines.

Richard Harding Davis: journalist and fiction writer, whose powerfully written reports on major events, such as the Spanish-American War and the First World War, made him one of the best-known journalists of his time. Ernest Hemingway: a Nobel-Prize-winning novelist and journalist, who reported on business plan Europe during war and peace for a variety of North American publications. Nat Hentoff: who with his Village Voice column, which began in 1957, crusaded, even against some liberal orthodoxies, for civil liberties. Bob Herbert: who wrote a column for the New York Times from 1993 to 2011 that dealt with poverty, racism, the Iraq War, and politics. Michael Herr: who covered the Vietnam War with unprecedented rawness and cynicism for Esquire and wrote the book Dispatches , a partially fictionalized account of his experiences in Vietnam. John Hersey: a journalist and rubrics essay novelist whose thoroughly reported and tightly written account of the consequences of the atomic bomb America dropped on thesis in research Hiroshima filled an entire issue of the essay school New Yorker in 1946 and became one of the most read books in America in the second half of the twentieth century. Seymour Hersh: a long-time investigative reporter, specializing is national security issues, who earned acclaim for his Pulitzer Prize-winning coverage of the massacre by American soldiers at My Lai in essay for kids Vietnam in 1968, as well as his 2004 reports about American mistreatment of detainees at Abu Ghraib. Don Hewitt: a television news producer who helped invent the evening news on CBS, produced the first televised presidential debate in 1960, extended the CBS Evening News from 15 to 30 minutes in 1963, and later introduced and rubrics writing served as the long-time executive producer of 60 Minutes . Christopher Hitchens: a prolific journalist with a large vocabulary and no fear of papers herbal, controversy, who wrote many widely discussed books and wrote columns for the Nation and rubrics essay writing high Vanity Fair . Langston Hughes: a poet and research tea playwright, Hughes also wrote a weekly column for the Chicago Defender from essay writing school, 1942 to 1962. Peter Jennings: a long-time ABC television reporter, he anchored World News Tonight from 1983 until his death in papers 2005.

Murray Kempton: a Pulitizer-Prize-winning journalist whose long, stately sentences and short tolerance for rubrics writing school pretense made him one of New York’s most revered columnists and reporters; he wrote for rescore the New York Post , the essay New York Review of Books , and, beginning in thesis 1981, for Newsday . Ted Koppel: a television reporter and rubrics school anchor who started a late-night news show in 1979 that eventually became Nightline . Jane Kramer: a staff writer for the New Yorker since 1964, writing mostly from Europe. Charles Kuralt: Kuralt reported “On the Road” features for gmat essay the CBS Evening News beginning in essay school 1967 and later anchored CBS News Sunday Morning . Adrian Nicole LeBlanc: author of Random Family , the acclaimed non-fiction book published in 2002 about the relations of gmat, drug dealers in the South Bronx. Anthony Lewis: a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and rubrics essay writing school a columnist for the New York Times from 1969 to rescore 2001. A. J. Liebling: a New Yorker correspondent beginning in 1935 and an early press critic whose article collections include the writing high acclaimed The Road Back to Paris and The Wayward Pressman . Walter Lippmann: an intellectual, journalist and writer who was one of the founding editors of the New Republic magazine in 1914 and a long-time newspaper columnist. J. In Research? Anthony Lukas: a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, best known for his book on school integration in Boston: Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families . Jane Mayer: an investigative reporter who has been a staff writer for the New Yorker since 1968; her 2008 book The Dark Side exposed the Bush administration’s more questionable tactics in the war on essay writing high school terror. Mary McCarthy: a novelist and research papers tea critic, McCarthy’s essays appeared in publications like the Partisan Review , the Nation , the New Republic , Harper’s , and the New York Review of Books from the 1940s through the 1970s. John McPhee: a staff writer for the New Yorker since 1965, his detailed, discursive portraits – often explaining some aspect of the earth or its inhabitants – helped expand the range of journalism. H. Rubrics Essay High? L. Mencken: a tough, judgmental, impeccably literate and hugely influential journalist, cultural critic, essayist, satirist and line template editor, he reported on the 1925 Scopes “Monkey” trial. Joseph Mitchell: a staff writer for the New Yorker from 1938 until his death in 1996, who won acclaim for essay his off-beat profiles, collected in the book Up in clothing line business template the Old Hotel and essay high Other Stories . Bill Moyers: an essay award-winning public-broadcasting journalist since 1971 and former White House press secretary under Lyndon Johnson, who also worked as the publisher of Newsday and senior analyst for the CBS Evening News with Dan Rather . Edward R. Murrow: an influential television and radio journalist who covered the bombing of London, the essay writing school liberation of research herbal, Buchenwald, and writing high school helped expose Sen.

Joseph McCarthy and, in for an essay question the 1960 documentary “Harvest of Shame,” the plight of American farm workers. Adolph Ochs: the New York Times , when he purchased it in 1896, had a circulation of about 9,000; by 1921 Ochs’ paper, increasingly known for its nonpartisan reporting, had a staff of 1,885 and a circulation of 780,000. Gordon Parks: an activist, writer, and photojournalist, Parks became the first African-American photographer for Life in rubrics essay writing high school 1948. George Polk: a journalist and radio broadcaster for CBS who insisted on finding his own information, Polk was killed while covering the Greek Civil War in 1948; his colleagues established an award in his name. Gabe Pressman: a senior correspondent at WNBC-TV, he helped pioneer local television journalism and has been a New York City reporter for over 60 years. Ernie Pyle: renowned wartime journalist whose folksy, poetic, GI-centered reports from Europe and the Pacific during World War II earned him the 1944 Pulitzer Prize; Pyle was killed while covering the end of the war. Anna Quindlen: a novelist, journalist and columnist, her path-breaking New York Times column “Public and Private,” won the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary in 1992. Dan Rather: a journalist who covered the clothing business template Kennedy assassination and school the Nixon White House for CBS and was the gmat essay longest serving anchor of an American network newscast, the CBS Evening News , from 1981 to 2005. David Remnick: Remnick, a former Washington Post reporter, won the Pulitzer Prize for his book Lenin’s Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire and in writing high school 1998 became the editor of the New Yorker , for which he also writes and on disaster management reports.

A. M. Rosenthal: a Pulitzer-Prize winning reporter, then the commanding executive editor of the New York Times from 1977 to 1986 – a period of growth and transition; later a columnist. Carl Rowan: the first nationally syndicated African-American columnist; he wrote his column, based at the Chicago Sun-Times , from 1966 to 1998. Mike Royko: a Pulitzer Prize-winning Chicago columnist since the early 1960s and rubrics essay writing high author of an unauthorized biography of Mayor Richard J. Daley, Boss . Marlene Sanders: the first female television correspondent in Vietnam, the first female anchor on a US network television evening newscast and the first female vice president of ABC News. William Shawn: an editor who worked at the New Yorker for 53 years and ran it for rubric essay question 35 years, beginning in 1952; he is given much of the credit for establishing the magazine’s tradition of excellence in long-form journalism. Neil Sheehan: covered Vietnam for high UPI, obtained the Pentagon Papers in essay 1971 for the New York Times from Daniel Ellsberg and essay writing won the Pulitzer Prize for his book examining the rubric for an question failure of US policy in Vietnam: A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam . Randy Shilts: one of the first openly gay mainstream journalists; devoted himself to covering the rubrics essay writing AIDS epidemic in the 1980s for the San Francisco Chronicle ; his book examining that epidemic, And the on disaster Band Played On , was published in 1987; Shilts died of AIDS at the age of 42 in 1994. William Shirer: a wartime correspondent and radio broadcaster who wrote Berlin Diary: The Journal of a Foreign Correspondent, 1939–1941 . Susan Sontag: an essayist, novelist and preeminent intellectual, among her many influential writings was “Notes on ‘Camp,’” published in 1964; a human-rights activist, she wrote about the plight of Bosnia for the Nation in 1995 and even moved to Sarajevo to call further attention to that plight. James B. Essay Writing School? Steele: an investigative journalist who, along with his colleague Donald L. Bartlett, won two Pulitzer Prizes and multiple other awards for his investigative series from the 1970s through the 1990s at the Philadelphia Inquirer and later at Time magazine. Lincoln Steffens: while Shame of the thesis Cities was published, in book form, in 1904 – more than 100 years ago – Steffens career as an influential journalist certainly continued, and included an essay writing interview with Lenin after the revolution and reporting from Mussolini’s Italy. John Steinbeck: a Nobel-Prize-winning novelist and journalist who exposed the hardships of Okie migrant camp life in the San Francisco News in 1936, covered World War II and wrote newspaper columns in the 1950s. Gloria Steinem: a social activist and rubric for an essay question writer, Steinem co-founded the women’s magazine Ms. in 1972.

I. F. Stone: an investigative journalist who published his own newsletter, I. F. Rubrics? Stone’s Weekly , from 1953 to 1967. Gay Talese: a literary journalist; author of the line business template renowned 1966 Esquire profile, “Frank Sinatra Has a Cold” and of many thoroughly reported, gracefully written books. Dorothy Thompson: her reporting on Hitler and the rise of Nazism led to her being expelled from Germany in 1934; also a widely syndicated newspaper columnist, a rare female voice in radio news in the 1930s and the “second most influential woman in rubrics writing school America,” after Eleanor Roosevelt, according to Time magazine in clothing line business 1939. Hunter S. Thompson : created the uninhibited, self-parodying ‘gonzo’ style of journalism in the 1960s and 1970s, covered the 1972 presidential campaign for high Rolling Stone , and wrote the book Fear and thesis in research Loathing in rubrics essay writing school Las Vegas . Garry Trudeau: the creator of the Doonesbury cartoon, in 1975 he became the first person to win a Pulitzer Prize for a comic strip. Barbara Walters: a journalist, known for her interviewing skills, and host of papers tea, many influential ABC programs, including the ABC Evening News and 20/20 . “Weegee”: the pseudonym of Arthur Fellig a prominent photojournalist who focused on New York’s Lower East Side in the 1930s and 1940s. Ida B. Wells: prominent civil rights activist whose 1892 editorial on the lynching of three black men earned her popularity; she wrote her autobiography Crusade for Justice in essay writing high school 1928.

E. B. White: the author of the popular children’s books Charlotte’s Web and herbal Stuart Little , and writing high the co-author of The Elements of Style , White contributed to the New Yorker for about six decades, beginning in 1925. Theodore White: a political journalist and historian who pioneered behind-the-scenes campaign reporting in his book The Making of the President: 1960 , the first of many in the series. Walter Winchell: a powerful and widely read newspaper gossip columnist who also had the top-rated radio show in clothing line business plan 1948. Tom Wolfe: a popular journalist and novelist who helped invent “new journalism” in the 1960s and 1970s with his well reported and kinetically written articles and writing books, including The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test and for an question The Right Stuff . Bob Woodward: a reporter and editor at the Washington Post whose investigative articles with Carl Bernstein’s helped break the Watergate scandal in the early 1970s; Woodward went on rubrics high school to write a series of book detailing the in research inner workings of Washington. Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute. New York University. 20 Cooper Square, 6th Floor.

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A FREE Sample e-Commerce Business Plan Template. Rubrics School! Are you about starting an e-commerce business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample e-commerce business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for research papers, starting an rubrics writing school e-commerce business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample e-commerce marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for for an essay question, e-commerce businesses.

So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Gone are those days when one only had to go to the stores or an open market to purchase stuff. Recently, more than ever before in writing high the history of man, people can shop effectively and satisfactorily. This is because of the systems and structure which most e-commerce business sites have in place to suit their customers. In America, the ecommerce business seem to be the clothing template order of the day, as more and more people embrace the trade. The e-commerce business is one of the easiest trade to start with minimal capital. Writing High School! What is more, you can boast of thesis in research ample returns on investment when you do start this business. You will however, need to essay writing high school, put some things in place. It isn’t enough that you do about doing the physical things, without first striking off the paper works. What does this paper work entail, you just might ask? Well, it requires that you write a comprehensive business plan that will help you make the herbal tea right projections, as well as build the essay school right structure for your business.

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So, for your e- commerce business, you may consider using the sample e- commerce business plan below to rubrics essay writing high school, tweak yours effectively. A FREE Sample e-Commerce Business Plan Template. Over the years, loads of things have changed especially the way businesses are conducted. The advent of the computer and later the internet gave a whole new definition of how things are supposed to be done in line business plan template our world. E – Commerce is one of the fruits of the internet and for sure it has enabled loads of essay writing high entrepreneur to launch multimillion dollars international businesses; business that cut across geographical boundaries. E-commerce basically consists of the delivery of gmat essay rescore products and services via electronic platforms, such as the Internet, computer networks, email or mobile phones. Retailers leverage on rubrics high, the internet to clothing line template, sale their goods and services while corporations and financial institutions make use of the internet to exchange financial data to facilitate domestic and international business. Rubrics Essay High! As an for an question aspiring entrepreneur, starting an e-commerce business is a great way to successfully launch a business that can gain recognition on essay writing school, a wide scale with minimal resources. Essay On Disaster For Kids! The fact that the internet is a global village makes it easier for essay school, e – commerce businesses to reach out to a wide market scope. Essay! In essence, if you don’t have enough startup capital to rent a shop in a strategic location, money to equip the shop and money for other startup expenses, then starting your own e – commerce business is just the essay writing high way to go.

There are several ways to essay on disaster, do business online; you can start by selling your own products or you can create an affiliate website that has a functional online store, drop shipping for a merchant. Essay High! There is no limit to the types of essay products and essay writing school, services you can display on your e – commerce website, as long as you have proper arrangement with the manufacturer. Clothing! The fact that online stores are not restricted by floor space makes it easier for high school, them to offer a larger variety of products than a physical store. It is normal for consumers to business, go to stores where they can have numerous options to choose from and that is what e – commerce (online) store offers to them. Rubrics Essay High School! It is statement about tardiness important to note that with the advent of online store a subset of rubrics essay high e commerce business model, Customers no longer need to travel for shopping thus less traffic on road and low air pollution. There are several advantages that e – commerce business model brings to the table and they are; E-commerce business model increases the reach of about advertising of products and services of businesses.

It helps in better marketing and management of rubrics essay products and services. E-Commerce business model is gmat essay faster, and rubrics high school, efficient; it provides reliable communication with customers and partners. E-Commerce stores are open 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, reaching out to as many people that can access the internet. With e – Commerce, a customer can go through the review of a product or services before making the decision to either purchase / order or decline. No doubt, e-Commerce has become an thesis in research important tool for doing businesses all over the world, not only to sell to customers, but also to engage them. Rubrics Essay High! It is now easier for organization to rubric for an question, expand their market from local level to national and even international markets with minimum capital investment. The e – commerce industry is indeed a mega industry, since it can generate well over rubrics high $1 trillion annually on a global scale.

For example, in 2012, ecommerce sales topped $1 trillion for the first time in history and the figure is still growing. According to Wikipedia, “Among emerging economies, China#8217;s e-commerce presence continues to expand every year. With 384 million internet users, China#8217;s online shopping sales rose to $36.6 billion in 2009 and gmat essay rescore, one of the reasons behind the essay writing high school huge growth has been the improved trust level for shoppers. The Chinese retailers have been able to help consumers feel more comfortable shopping online. China#8217;s cross-border e-commerce is also growing rapidly. E-commerce transactions between China and statement tardiness, other countries increased 32% to 2.3 trillion Yuan ($375.8 billion) in 2012 and accounted for 9.6% of China#8217;s total international trade in 2013, Alibaba had an e-commerce market share of 80% in China.” Lastly, it is important to essay, state that the e – commerce industry is regulated by a number of federal, state, and international regulatory organizations. There are laws that govern e-commerce business; such law involve complex contract and tax issues, security, and privacy issues. Because technology changes swiftly, so also the laws regulating it are renewed on a regular basis. For example, in the United States of question America, the Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA) regulates the e – commerce industry. UCITA are responsible for creating rules and regulations that govern areas like software licensing, online access, and other transactions in computer information. Sample e-Commerce Business Plan Template Executive Summary.

Shannon Shavonne Inc. is a United States based international online shopping website that offers a wide range of rubrics writing high quality products such as electronics, computers, groceries, fashion, home appliances and kid’s items. Our head office will be located in the heart of Portland, Oregon but we will have warehouses in London, United Kingdom, Lagos, Nigeria and Rio, Brazil. Question! We are an e – commerce startup with a long term goal of having our presence in major cities in the world and delivering a wide range of products from globally recognized manufacturing brands at rock bottom prices they can hardly get from any retailer. Shannon Shavonne Inc. will run a 24 hours a day and 7 day a week online shop, with effective and timely delivery system. Rubrics Essay Writing School! Our payment platform is in research highly secured and we will only deal in writing school non-Cash Payment.

Our payment platform will readily accept payment from credit cards, debit cards, smart cards, electronic fund transfer via bank#8217;s website and other modes of electronics payment. Our inventory management of products is automated, our portal is designed such that its reports get generated instantly when required and our product inventory management is very efficient and easy to maintain. We have a robust business relationship with shipping companies and we are going to research papers tea, be shipping goods for our clients at a highly discounted price. Our plans of rubrics essay writing school strategically positioning our warehouses makes it easier for us to deliver products on time whenever our clients make orders. Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store will ensure that all our customers are given first class treatment irrespective of the quantity of products they purchase or the part of the world they reside. We have a CRM software that will enable us manage a one on one relationship with our customers no matter how large the numbers of rescore our customers’ base grows to. Our customers will always be carried along when we want to make decisions that will directly affect them.

At Shannon Shavonne Inc. our team members are highly competent and dedicated to the company; they are trained to go the extra mile to resolve any complain from our customers. Our phone lines are opened 24 hours a week and 7 days a week, with highly trained call center agents manning them and also customers can freely chat with us via our website at any time of the day. Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store is owned by Shannon Steve, Shavonne McPherson, Lois Gerrard, Emmanuelle Mitchell and David Henry. They are all big – time investors with same investment philosophy. The business will be managed by Shavonne Steve who has 5 years of experience working as a director with one of the world’s leading online store. Rubrics School! Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store will ensure we go all the way to make available a wide range of goods and products from top manufacturing brands in thesis statement about tardiness the United States and essay high school, other countries of the world to thesis in research, our customers.

We will have available in our warehouses a wide range of rubrics writing school durable goods and research papers, non durable goods at affordable prices. We will deal in goods such as groceries, clothes, sports equipment, beauty products, jewelry, children’s toys, baby stuffs, home furnishings and home appliances et al. Just for clarity purpose, we have various items from world class brands in high school the following product categories: Our vision is to build an e – commerce business (online store) that can favorably compete with international brands like Amazon and Our mission is to essay, establish an online retail business that will make available a wide range of goods and products from top manufacturing brands at affordable prices to a wide range of customers that will cut across different countries of the world. Shannon Shavonne Inc. is an international online store that wants to become a global brand and compete favorably with the writing high school leading brands in the industry hence we will ensure that we put the right structure and processes in place that will enable us build the business of our dream. At Shannon Shavonne, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, honest, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and management for kids, customers). Essay! As a matter of business plan fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for rubrics, a period of three years or more. In view of that, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the following positions; Chief Executive Officer / President Human Resources and Admin Manager Warehouse Manager Merchandize Manager Business Developer Transport and Logistic Manager Information Technologist Accountant Call Center Agent. For Kids! Roles and Responsibilities.

Responsible for providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and rubrics writing high, implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the thesis development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for payment of salaries Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the high school company Evaluates the success of the organization. Human Resources and Admin Manager. Responsible for essay, overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for new team members Responsible for writing high, training, evaluation and assessment of on disaster employees Responsible for arranging travel, meetings and high, appointments Oversees the smooth running of the daily office activities. Clothing Line! Interfaces with third – party providers (vendors) Keeps proper records of available goods and make recommendations for essay, re – stocking Works in research tea collaboration with the merchandize manager to ensure that goods are always available in the warehouse. Rubrics! Manage vendor relations, market visits, and the ongoing education and development of the organizations’ buying teams Helps to ensure consistent quality of goods and products on our rack Responsible for on disaster management, the purchase of goods and products for the organizations Responsible for planning sales, monitoring inventory, selecting the merchandise, and writing and rubrics, pricing orders to vendors Ensures that the organization operates within stipulated budget. Transport and Logistic Manager.

Manages the shipping of clothing template goods from warehouse to rubrics school, customers Negotiates deals with shipping companies Collaborates with the Merchandize Manager in transporting goods from the manufacturer to line business plan template, our warehouses. High! Manages the rubric organization website Responsible for continuous update of rubrics essay writing school our online store Ensure that our payment platform is secured 24 / 7 Responsible for installing and maintenance of computer software and hardware for the organization Manage logistics and supply chain software, Web servers, e-commerce software and POS (point of clothing line sale) systems Responsible for essay high school, continuous upgrade and for an essay, maintenance of IT systems Handles any other technological and IT related duties. Rubrics Essay! Manage external research and coordinate all the internal sources of management information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Models demographic information and analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by rubrics essay school customer purchases Identifies, prioritizes, and thesis about tardiness, reach out to new partners, and business opportunities et al Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s need s, and school, communicate with clients Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Documents all customer contact and information Represents the about tardiness company in strategic meetings Helps increase sales and rubrics school, growth for the company. Responsible for thesis, preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Responsible for developing and rubrics essay, managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensures compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for the company Serves as internal auditor for the company. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on papers tea, the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and essay high school, services Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the company’s products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is management for kids supplied to clients when they make enquiries Handles enquiries via e-mail, chat and phone calls for the organization Distribute mails in the organization Handles any other duties as assigned my the line manager. Rubrics Writing School! Sample e-Commerce Business Plan Template SWOT Analysis. Starting an gmat online store comes with some challenges, especially when it comes to managing the payment portal, shipping goods to various locations and rubrics, ensuring that goods are sold cheaper than is obtainable in physical stores. Shannon Shavonne Inc.

Online Store is launching an international e – commerce business which is why we decided to model successful brands. In doing that, we decided to conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and write an e-commerce marketing plan. Thesis! We were able to employ the services of rubrics writing school Dr. Pablo Carson, an expert HR and Business Analyst with bias in the e – commerce industry (online retailing store) to rescore, help us conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and to essay writing, help us create a business model that will help us achieve our business goals and objectives. This is the management summary of the SWOT analysis that was conducted for Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store; No doubt the fact that we have a robust relationship with a wide range of manufacturers of various products will definitely count as a strength for us.

We have a well-coordinated shipping system and rubrics essay writing high school, our customer can be rest assured that they will have their goods delivered to them in record time. Other area of strength are; secured payment platforms, wide range of products and excellent customer service culture. Rubric For An! A major weakness that may count against us is the fact that we are a new online retail store and we don’t have the essay writing high financial capacity to compete with multi – billion dollars online stores like; Amazon and Tardiness! This is when it comes to wider reach and selling products at rock bottom prices. Rubrics Essay Writing High! The opportunities available to online retail stores are unlimited; as a matter of fact customers can make purchase from any part of the world. We will ensure that we position our warehouses in targeted countries so as to enable us cut cost of shipping and thesis statement, maximize the opportunity that are available to us. High School! Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face as an online retailing store is economic downturn. In Research! It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing power. Another threat that may likely confront us is unfavorable government policies.

Sample e-Commerce Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. One of the best things to happen to the business world is the introduction of the internet. The internet has made doing business less stressful and essay, less cumbersome. Online retail stores are in the forefront when it comes to retailing goods; it is now very much easier to cover a wide range of essay rescore customers from all over the world via ecommerce business model. Despite the fact that there are several online stores, the market is still pretty much open for more online stores to come into essay writing high school the market. The fact that two different online store operates from same street does not in any way affect their sales.

The market available to them is the global village, especially if they are open to customers from different part of the world. Shannon Shavonne Inc. is a United States based international online shopping website that offers a wide range of quality products such as electronics, computers, groceries, fashion, home appliances and kid’s items to a wide range of customers. We are in business to retail a wide range of products to the following groups of people from our online store; Households Corporate Executives Business People About to wed couples Expectant Mothers Sports Men and Women Students Tourists. Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store is an online retail business that is designed to serve a wide range of customers, which is why we have decided to hire some of the best hands to help us set up the rubric essay question business and also to manage the business.

We are coming into an industry that is highly competitive and we know that leveraging on price and rubrics essay writing high, quality will be our best bet to attract loads of customers. Clothing Line Plan Template! Our excellent customer service culture, secured payment portal, and effective and efficient shipping arrangement with count as a competitive advantage for us. Sample e-Commerce Business Plan Template SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store is a business that was established to retail a wide range of products to a wide range of customers that cut across different countries.

In view of the above, our source of income will be in online retailing of rubrics writing a wide range of products from world class brands in the following product categories: It is important to state that our sales forecast is based on the data gathered during our feasibility studies, market survey and also some of the assumptions readily available on research papers herbal tea, the field. One thing is common with online retailing business, the more shipping options you have, the more customers that will patronize your business. Below are the sales projections that we were able to come up with for high school, the first three years of operations; N.B -: This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that may likely affect the purchasing power of our target market. Our marketing strategy will center on pricing, secured payment platform, and above all excellent customer service. We will ensure that whenever our customers order goods from our online store, they will get it delivered to rubric, them within the stipulated time frame. We know that if we are able to put the above stated in place, we wouldn’t have to struggle to retain our old customers and at the same time win over new customers. One thing is certain about online store, it has a wider reach and with the proper strategy and structure in place, we will be able to get our own share of the available market.

We are aware of the power of the internet and we will do all we can to maximize the internet to market our business. In other words, a larger percentage of our marketing effort will be directed to internet users since our business is based on the internet; our website will become our number one marketing tool. In summary, Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store will adopt the following sales and marketing strategy; Introduce our business by sending introductory letters to residence, business owners and organizations Advertise our business on international magazines, satellite TV stations and radio stations Leverage on online forums to attract customers to our online store List our business on yellow pages ads Leverage on the internet to promote our business Direct marketing Word of mouth marketing (referrals) e-Commerce Business Plan Publicity and high, Advertising Strategy. Thesis Statement! Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store will leverage on all available platforms to promote and advertise our business. We know the power publicity which is rubrics essay writing high why we have a rich budget to handle the publicity of clothing plan our business. We will be very aggressive when it comes to promoting our business especially within the first 12 months of operations. With effective publicity, we are likely going to hit the target that we set for rubrics high school, the business.

Here are the essay platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise Shannon Shavonne Inc. School! Online Store; Place adverts on both print (international and local newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and research herbal, social media platforms like; Instagram, Google+, Badoo, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on rubrics writing, strategic locations Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas Brand our in house delivery bikes and thesis in research, vans. Pricing is one of the key factors that gives leverage to online retail stores, it is normal for consumers to visit online retail stores where they can goods at cheaper price which is why big player in the ecommerce industry like Amazon will continue to attract loads of consumers. Products in their store are tagged with the cheapest price you can get anywhere in the world. We know we don’t have the capacity to compete with Amazon or any other big online retail store, but we will ensure that the prices of all the products that are available in our online store are competitive and affordable. Our payment policy is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. We have designed our system to writing high, accept payments via credit cards, debit cards, smart cards, electronic fund transfer via bank#8217;s website and other modes of electronics payment. This is the key areas where we will spend our start – up capital on; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in essay question Oregon $750. Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits $1,500. Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store in the amount of $3,500 and as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580.

Cost for rubrics writing school, hiring Consultant – $2,500. Cost for Computer Software (Accounting Software, Payroll Software, CRM Software, Microsoft Office, QuickBooks Pro, drug interaction software, Physician Desk Reference software) $7,000 Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $3,400. Cost for payment of thesis in research rent for warehouse facility for 12 month at $1.76 per square feet in the total amount of $105,600. Other start-up expenses including stationery ($500) and phone and utility deposits ($2,500). Essay! Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of research herbal tea employees, payments of bills et al) $100,000 The cost for rubrics essay school, Start-up inventory (stocking with a wide range of products) $150,000 Storage hardware (rack and shelves,) $3,720 Cost for store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) $13,750 The cost for the purchase of furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, fax machine, cabins, tables and chairs et al): $4,000. The cost of Launching a Website: $1,500 The cost for the purchase of delivery vans and bikes: $70,000 The cost for branding: $5,000 The cost for our opening party: $7,000 Miscellaneous: $10,000. We would need an estimate of $700,000 to successfully set up our online retail business. Please note that this amount includes the essay management for kids salaries of all the staff for the first month of operation.

Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store. Shannon Shavonne Inc. Online Store is owned and financed by group of investors (Shannon Steve, Shavonne McPherson, Lois Gerrard, Emmanuelle Mitchell and David Henry). They have a long term plan of selling shares to other investors with similar investment ideology once the need arises.

These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from the owners (Shannon Steve, Shavonne McPherson, Lois Gerrard, Emmanuelle Mitchell and David Henry) Apply for loan from my Bank Invite other interested investors (when the need for expansion arises.) N.B: We have been able to generate about $400,000 (from each of the partners) and we are at the final stages of rubrics writing school obtaining a loan facility of $300,000 from our bank. All the papers and research herbal tea, document have been signed and submitted, the rubrics writing high school loan has been approved and any moment from essay for kids now our account will be credited with the amount. e-Commerce Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. Essay High! The future of any business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that the business can boast of thesis in research having, the capacity and competence of the writing employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If any of these factors is missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. We are aware of these factors and we have been able to structure our business to. We will ensure that we engage in continuous capacity building of our workforce; we will not relent in essay management training and re – training of every of our employees. Also, we will introduce a policy that guarantee our management team to rubrics writing high school, become part owner of the business. Clothing Line Business Plan! As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and essay writing high school, it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more. Shannon Shavonne Inc. will make sure that the papers herbal right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that staff welfare is rubrics essay writing well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner.

Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing of warehouse facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating start up capital from partners: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs, branding and business, Printing of Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of essay employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, racks, shelves, computers, electronic appliances, office appliances, delivery vans and delivery bikes: In progress Creating Official Website for clothing line business, the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and around the essay writing community: In Progress Health and Safety and papers herbal tea, Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Compilation of our list of products that will be available in our online store: Completed Establishing business relationship with manufacturers and wholesale suppliers of products we intend retailing: In Progress.

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essay horror genre Genre, genre, genre, whole days go by when I am asked of rubrics essay high, nothing else, especially those moronic questions about gmat rescore, horror that should have been swept out of civilized discourse at rubrics writing high least thirty years ago: Tell us now, if you can, for gmat rescore we are really terribly curious about this, why is it, do you think, that reasonable people should pay good money to be, well, frightened? What, you know, can the writing school, appeal of such… unpleasantness… actually be? And on a more personal note, please, we’re all so curious… if you wouldn’t mind… what scares you? Okay, in reverse order, then: pretty much the same kind of thing that frightens you, what did you think I’d say, giant lizards? And, moving on clothing to the first question: What are you trying to rubrics, suggest, that you are not, have never been, implicated in this particular transaction? How certain are you, anyhow, that what you call “unpleasantness” is not a necessary, even crucial, part of statement, our experience?

Maybe you should lock yourself up in your heart long enough to work out your actual relationship to matters like shame, loss, envy, panic, brutality, greed, insecurity, loneliness, failure, whatever you find particularly unpleasant. Because that, dimwit, is where you live, especially if you really hate the whole idea of familiarity with such crappy, low-rent feeling states. Let’s be honest, down there in the gutter is where most of us live better than half the rubrics essay high, time anyhow, probably a lot more than half. In Research. And if we are talking about essay writing, those states of consciousness kept on back-burner low-simmer, we have to essay rescore, jack the figure up to maybe ninety per cent of the essay, time, maybe ninety-eight. Statement Tardiness. At this point, some impolite character like me comes along and says, It’s too bad you find this stuff so unacceptable when it takes up so much of your life, hmmm, couldn’t you maybe revise your category stances and define all this prime-time, tight-focus actuality in writing school, a different way? Because let’s face it, you don’t spend your life hang-gliding from one emotional peak to research herbal, another, do you. The only rubrics essay writing school way you recognize an emotional peak when you are fortunate enough to experience one is for an essay, that it feels so different from the rest of rubrics essay writing high school, your life, hmmm, let’s make that little noise again, hmmm, it’s so expressive of almost unwilling mentation. Why, we could say, it’s almost as though we were designed to be struggling and limping our way through the on disaster management for kids, lowlands and gutterscapes, it’s like, you know, that’s the point, the struggling and limping, the gutterscapes so foul so fragrant. The point . The more you take in, the rubrics, more you see. Shame shock blood pain grief suffering… you might even say, that’s the good part.

Oh, not really. Thesis. Please. If that weren’t so perverse, it’d just be silly. Um. Well, yes, perverse, I agree, but not at all silly. Yes, really: the good part. Meaning, the room where you and your life sit opposite essay writing high, each other in the dark, blinking and squinting, hoping the grimace on rubric for an the blood-smeared face across the room is a brave grin. Or “plucky,” if that’s the way you think. Well now, come on, that’s completely ridiculous. Rubrics High. That’s just… genre, is what that is.

And you accuse us of thinking in cliches! Okay: genre genre genre, here we go. Crime novels and horror stories huddle down here in the gutter, right?, while real literature lives in the fragrant uplands and on the radiant peaks where plotting is at most secondary and life proceeds by instinct and essay on disaster management for kids intelligence, by fine intuition and a lively moral consciousness, owing nothing to formulae and the requirement to gratify the lazy reader’s expectations of suspenseful suspense and exciting excitement. One is disposable, the other immortal. Rubrics Essay. However… well, just for beginners, let’s admit that literary fiction is a genre, too, shall we? Expectations guide its readers, that of in research, respect for consensus reality and the poignancy of rubrics essay, seemingly ordinary lives, of sensitive character-drawing and vivid scene-painting, of the reversals and conflicts characteristic of the thesis, several sub-genres of literary fiction: the academic novel, the comic novel, the essay writing, adultery novel, the comic academic adultery-novel, the experimental novel, the novel of foreign travel or inward journey, of unexpected encounter, of breakdown, of alcoholism, of youth, of middle age, of a hundred different things so well-known and encoded that the fonts used for the titles and template the authors’ names tell you as much as the flap copy. You know what else those fonts can tell you? This isn’t an exact science, let me admit, but they suggest how many copies the publisher thinks he is going to sell.

It’s all there, right on the jacket: this book is a challenging yet comforting work of fiction in which the writing high, sensitive and ironic young protagonist experiences painful yet comic difficulties writing his first novel in essay question, a French fishing village. Writing High School. Soon, pages of his manuscript disappear from his desk and begin to turn up in the locations they describe. We hope to unload at least ten thousand copies of this well-written, pallid piece of post-modern, post-Jamesian crapola, but five is about what we expect. Title and gmat essay rescore author’s name “charming” in rubrics high, crumbling white letters, sans serif, all lower case, title just below jacket center and to thesis, the left, author’s name two lines down, tabbed farther left and irregularly spaced, some letters slightly askew. School. That says: five is about what we expect. The author will soon find that he no longer has a two-book contract.

Which is to about, note that publishing companies tend to signal complex decisions about marketing in essay writing high school, ways both deliberate and research tea inadvertent. Bookstores organize their inventory by rubrics essay writing school, sorting them into categories, and publishers try to make it easy for them. Line Business Plan. Genre jackets feature bright colors and embossed lettering, the author’s name in immense fonts bannered across the jacket bottom underneath some thematic kabuki. That’s how you know they are crime novels, all that vulgar hoopla on essay high the jacket, even the “good taste” crime jackets look crass and shiny. On Disaster. In bookstores, you spot them right away, and that’s the point. Rubrics Essay High. Genre fiction came into being because publishers discovered from the thesis about tardiness, pulps that there was a market for it, and it stays viable because it’s like food, people keep buying books by Robert B. Parker and Michael Connolly to get the same delightful taste in their mouths over and over, as if the books were made of maple walnut ice cream. (I’d say that people bought three decades’ worth of John Updike and Philip Roth novels for the same reason, and rubrics essay high school that a completely different set of readers have kept returning to William Gaddis and Thomas Bernhardt for statement an earned anticipated nourishment that cannot really be compared to essay school, ice cream.) Now, as fantastically reliable as he was in delivering the desired goods, Robert B. Parker grew awfully soft in his later years, but Michael Connelly has remained true to his original impulses, to put on display the gmat essay rescore, underbelly of L.A. while tracking an idiosyncratic detective’s solution of a complex crime or series of crimes. Rubrics Essay Writing School. While remaining a very reliable and pleasurable crime writer, however, Connelly never rises above that category. Because Connolly is both wholly serious and honest about what he does, he would find the idea of “rising above his “category” risible.

He should, anyhow—he’s earned that much, the gmat rescore, right to an absolute respect for his own work. Rubrics Writing High School. It is worth noting that both Parker and Connelly are rooted in Raymond Chandler , who may be the only American crime writer ever really to thesis in research, turn genre crime fiction into art, and he managed to writing, do it only once, in The Long Goodbye . He knew he’d done it, too: you can feel it in thesis about tardiness, his letters, the rubrics essay school, evolution from an essay question, earlier edgy, wary defensiveness into, late in high school, his life, a self-doubting, self-questioning master’s sense of accomplishment. Though Ross Macdonald came very close a couple of times, none of the rubric essay, writers who followed along after Chandler ever wrote anything as resonant, complex and sad as The Long Goodbye . Essay School. None of them, not even Macdonald, ever could, in gmat essay, large part because they were all using a borrowed template that grew thinner and thinner with every generation. Macdonald, Parker and rubrics essay high Connelly worked or work in a genre that provides convenient situation-patterns, a condition that is made possible because the designations “crime” and tardiness “mystery” identify and to some extent predetermine the content of the fiction they cover. Rubrics Writing High School. Crime writers and thesis statement about tardiness academics of genre fiction like to denigrate horror by rubrics writing, pointing out that unlike “mystery,” “western” or “romance,” “horror” specifies no content beyond the emotion it is rubric essay, intended to rubrics essay school, arouse. About. I think this absence of specificity is not at essay high all a limitation but the statement about, reverse, a great enhancement. That no situational templates are built into horror grants it an school, inherent boundarilessness, a boundlessness, an for an essay, inexhaustible unlimitedness.

If the “horror” part is not stressed all that overtly and the author spares us zombies, vampires, ghosts, haunted houses, hideous things in bandages, etc., what results is fiction indistinguishable, except in one element alone, from literary fiction. That crucial element could be called point of view, or angle of vision. Essay Writing High School. It is gmat essay, whatever dictates the way in which everything is seen. For further details, return to my first paragraph. Consult your heart, go on, lock yourself in and think about loss and loneliness, about grief, these hard, necessary facts. Where do you live, really, in what kind of world? The question can never be answered in a way that is not unsettling. 50 Responses to “What About Genre, What About Horror?” at 9:09 am on March 9, 2010. Nice essay, but the definition of literary fiction is rubrics essay writing school, far too narrow and line template far too self-serving. Much literary fiction, for instance, is just as plot-oriented and essay high just as visceral as genre fiction, and I have no idea what Straub means by saying that literary fiction concentrates on things like “consensus reality.” Certainly Lolita or The Great Gatsby or As I Lay Dying or Invisible Man or Earthly Powers or The God of Small Things or White Teeth or The Robber Bride or A Suitable Boy or We Need to Talk About Kevin, to take some obvious examples by rubric essay question, some very different literary writers, carry us quite a long ways off from the definition of the “literary genre” that Straub offers. Rubrics Essay High. I agree with Straub that there’s a weird resistance to taking the best horror writing as seriously as, say, the essay on disaster for kids, best detective writing is taken.

Still, Straub doesn’t help anyone take horror fiction more seriously by trying to lock literary fiction into rubrics essay writing high, a little box of in research, his own devising. He shouldn’t imitate the very narrow-mindedness he’s attempting to break while making his argument for, say, Stephen King or Shirley Jackson or Straub himself. Writing High. If the best horror writers are as good as the best writers of the for kids, literary genre (a genre that doesn’t exist, or at rubrics essay writing high school least not in thesis tardiness, the terms that Straub describes), it’s because good writing can show up almost anywhere, by essay writing high school, any kind of writer using any kind of approach. at 9:41 am on March 9, 2010. I agree that literary fiction is really another genre much like horror, crime, or romance. The trouble with any fiction writing is exactly what the last paragraph highlights. A reliance on prescribed elements that define a genre. Literary fiction enjoys a better reputation in terms of surface quality. The infallible reputation of the literary genre doesn’t mean it is infallible though. Question. Literary grade fiction doesn’t suffer from an overuse of zombies, mummies or the odd rabid dog.

Is does suffer on occasion from over wordiness, pretension and the shot gun blast of consciousness. Rubrics Essay High. The differences seem to be the amount of scrap in the heap. at 10:52 am on March 9, 2010. “Literary fiction” is a genre like “sci-fi” or “horror.” In “literary fiction” as in all genres, there are works that transcend and works that do not. Rubric Question. Or: most of every type of thing is writing, garbage, but some is really great. Walk the shelves of any bookstore and on any given shelf there are probably one or two books that you would like and business plan template a whole lot that are just cheap imitaitons of other works. It is easy to hold up “As I Lay Dying” and say, “See literary fiction doesn’t follow any rules”–but this isn’t a fair test. It is like when someone says the 60s are better than the 90s because Dylan is better than Creed. We can all pick great works and put them against terrible works to prove our point. The fact of the writing, matter is that there are great works on every shelf in a bookstore.

Often those works that transcend our traditional notion of genre are plucked out of clothing line plan, it and placed in rubrics school, the “literary fiction” section anyway. Herbal Tea. Etc. Etc. Etc. I’m not defending genre, I’m just saying don’t be blind to rubrics essay writing high, the garbage all around you. at 11:10 am on rubric question March 9, 2010. My take on why horror is more denigrated than crime fiction (to say nothing of rubrics high school, literary fiction) is simpler than Straub’s: because it specifically defies what he describes as “consensus reality.” Crime fiction, on the other hand–and even some sci-fi–can (and does) claim to represent the world we all live in, essentially unchanged, just seen from a different, darker, dirtier, more vulnerable point of business plan, view.

It’s escapism that pretends it’s not. Horror, on the other hand, begins with the rubrics essay writing school, premise that the reality we’re all agreed upon research is not the only reality–the parameters our materialist consensus has set out for rubrics writing school it leave out many, many scary and plan important aspects. It’s easier for writing a crime writer to plan template, tell himself, or a crime reader to tell himself, that, even as he’s working within genre conventions, what he’s really doing is rubrics essay school, taking a hard look at reality; a horror writer doesn’t have that luxury, and his prestige will always, I think, suffer for it. at 11:18 am on March 9, 2010. DN, I think you should maybe read a little more carefully what I actually wrote. I never said or suggested that literary fiction is in thesis about, bulk better than genre fiction. I think the opposite is true: precisely because genre fiction has some clear rules, the writers who do well in genre fiction tend to be good at following those rules, and school deserve to be praised for that. I certainly didn’t suggest that literary fiction is better than genre fiction just because As I Lay Dying is gmat rescore, a great novel. Rubrics Writing High. (Under your reasoning, by research herbal tea, the way, Straub should have been disqualified from mentioning Raymond Chandler and essay writing high school forced to defend Tom Clancy.) All I said is that the definition of essay rescore, literary fiction offered by Straub is rubrics school, false, because he has given a definition that doesn’t begin to recognize the rubric for an, range of literary fiction out there. If you like, I’m happy to pick an example of bad literary writing that doesn’t fit Straub’s definition: for essay high school instance, almost everything by rubric question, Joyce Carol Oates. This isn’t a very interesting game anyway, trying to define what is and isn’t literary writing or what is and school isn’t genre writing.

If you read the last line of what I originally wrote, you’ll see that you and I are mainly in agreement, and that you’re fighting with someone who’s on your side. at 1:15 pm on rubric essay March 9, 2010. First, God Bless you, Mr. Straub. People need to stop worrying about what categories things fit into and just enjoy them. Does it matter if you are frightened by writing school, Flannery O’Connor or Stephen King? William Gay or Peter Straub? If it works, it works.

SO many universities are down on “genre” fiction, wanting to make us all into these literary giants. How many writers can make a living writing ANYTHING? Look at the best seller lists – what’s on top? Mystery, detective, horror, pulp, and yes, some lit too. People like Peter Straub fight to elevate dark fiction to gmat rescore, a higher place, along with writers like Benjamin Percy, the aforementioned Gay, Stephen Graham Jones, Brian Evenson, Blake Butler, Mark Gaitskill, AM Homes, so many. It’s a fight we wage every day. In the end, I think all of writing high, “us” need to get along, lit and genre, high-brow and low-brow, and gmat essay rescore everything in between. Less exclusion and more inclusion. Rubrics Essay High School. There is nothing wrong with reading Cormac followed by King followed by Pynchon followed by Grisham by Bradbury by Saunders by whoever the hell you enjoy. Read fiction in line business plan, The New Yorker and Playboy and The Paris Review and writing high school Esquire. Just read, and papers turn other people on to whatever it is you’re really digging.

My two cents, anyway. :-) at 1:21 pm on March 9, 2010. Robin, you are right. I’m sorry. I wasn’t really respoonding to you, or anyone, so I shouldn’t have mentioned your comment. I apologize.

I am an alright guy, I promise–just got carried away in my own bubble. at 2:05 pm on March 9, 2010. You’ll have to count me on the side of people who don’t think it makes much sense to call “literary fiction” a genre akin to sci-fi or horror or anything else. All those other genres you can sum up pretty quickly and accurately and people will know what you are talking about. There is no way to rubrics high, sum up literary fiction that would include everyone from Borges to Kafka to essay on disaster for kids, O’Connor to Sorrentino to writing, Barthelme to Bolano to Bernhard to (I could go on and on). This is not, I don’t think, a question of in research, people “transcending” their genre, as DN suggests.

It is writing high school, more that the sub-genres of literary fiction do not fit together. Essay On Disaster. There is really nothing that links a Borges story to a traditional domestic realism novel or a Oulipo literary game to a southern gothic story. Straub’s definition, which hinges around the idea that the work centers on “ordinary lives” automatically makes you think of a billion examples of literary works that aren’t about high, ordinary people. It makes more sense to say that “literary fiction” is a problematic term with multiple and thesis tardiness perhaps conflicting definitions. Because what literary fiction really means is artistic fiction.

So a work of fiction can be BOTH genre fiction and literary fiction in many people’s eyes. Raymond Chandler is often listed as a literary author or in the literary section of bookstores, but we would still call his work detective fiction. at 2:14 pm on March 9, 2010. I tend to think the problem is rubrics writing high, that there is a conflation between what is pulp and what is genre. at 2:28 pm on March 9, 2010. Lincoln, I think where we differ is that I would not class those authors you list as being in rescore, the genre of “literary fiction.” What I was trying to express was that there are tropes and expectations for popular, literary fiction just as there are with crime fiction and fantasy. That is what I was failing to say in my first post. You say you can’t sum up “literary fiction” as a genre that includes Kafka and Bolano, etc, but I think you would have just as hard a time classifying, say, “sci-fi” as a genre when comparing Gene Wolfe, Samuel Delaney, Octavia Butler, Isaac Asimov, etc. There is good and bad of everything and the bad, or mediocre, ossify what was great about the good into rubrics essay writing, cliches.

All fiction, music, film, etc., does this. Plan. “Literary fiction” isn’t exempted just because Nabokov was awesome. Now, I recognize that maybe I am changing the meaning of rubrics high school, some terms here, but when I hear the term “literary fiction” I do not think of Thomas Pynchon or Kathryn Davis or Lydia Davis. I think of the type of earnest, well-written book that does well as a movie. I’m sorry if I am being dismissive here. I guess the statement about, problem is that we would agree that writing within the tropes and confines of any genre is bad, but whenever a work exceeds those, it gets plucked out writing high, of the confines of that genre and not counted with its rank. It is like this: “This pickle tastes good.” I don’t know why I am carrying on so–I don’t even read “sci-fi” or “horror” or any other “genre” fiction.

at 2:36 pm on March 9, 2010. Giant lizards ARE pretty scary. at 2:43 pm on March 9, 2010. By what standard would you not classify them as such? Those authors (or contemporary authors like them) blurb each other, are studied together in classes, sit side by side on research papers herbal the literary fiction shelf of a book store, are published side by side in the same literary magazines, etc. If I read a genre fiction magazine I’m going to get that genre’s fiction and it will be fairly similar, but if I open a copy of McSweeney’s or Tin House I’ll find a wide range of writing akin to what I listed.

Even the writing, New Yorker, which has a (I think unjustified) reputation for being narrow and boring in its fiction still publishes people like George Saunders, Roberto Bolano and for kids so on. I certainly don’t disagree that most of what is published as literary fiction or in rubrics essay high school, literary magazines is research papers herbal tea, crap though. Most of everything is. at 2:48 pm on essay school March 9, 2010. Including most of my comments. at 2:49 pm on rubric for an question March 9, 2010. Well, DN you need to rubrics essay, change that. Start with William Gay’s story “The Paperhanger” if that eases you in. Or just about any short by Mary Gaitskill.

I’m sure you’ve read Flannery O’Connor (any short), and maybe Cormac McCarthy (The Road, Outer Dark, etc.)? If not, read them, they’re certainly dark and horrific. Brian Evenson (anything), Stephen Graham Jones (All the Beautiful Sinners), Blake Butler (Scorch Atlas), that’s a great mix of research papers herbal tea, contemporary genre-benders there. Of course I’d personally suggest Straub’s Ghost Story, King’s The Stand or It (both very long) or The Long Walk (very short), Bret Easton Ellis’ American Psycho. So many great books, no need to avoid them. at 2:53 pm on rubrics high March 9, 2010. A wonderful essay. For me there are often no clear lines between genres. In many ways genres are illusions.

And what wonderful illusions they can be. Zen and the Art of research papers, Surfing. at 3:09 pm on essay writing high March 9, 2010. If I read a genre fiction magazine I’m going to get that genre’s fiction and it will be fairly similar, but if I open a copy of McSweeney’s or Tin House I’ll find a wide range of line business plan, writing akin to what I listed. Not necessarily the case—for one thing, you may find a Borges story in a mystery magazine (say, Ellery Queen’s, back in 1948), and that issue of Tin House you pick up might have a story by genre writer Kelly Link (as did TH’s 2007 Fantastic Women issue). You’re just playing the usual game of pointing to the best of rubrics writing high school, “literary” fiction—McSweeney’s and Tin House—and comparing them to some notional middle-of-the-road genre magazine, and essay then, shocker!, the best of A is better than some imaginary average example of B. And this rather leaves aside the fact that both the magazines you name do publish genre pieces as well. at 3:30 pm on March 9, 2010. No, that is writing school, really not the game I’m playing. As I said above: This is not, I don’t think, a question of people “transcending” their genre, as DN suggests. It is more that the sub-genres of literary fiction do not fit together.

There is really nothing that links a Borges story to gmat essay rescore, a traditional domestic realism novel or a Oulipo literary game to rubrics writing high, a southern gothic story. My only point here is the term “literary fiction” is not used in the same way as the term “Sci-Fi” or “Romance” or whatever. Papers. What I’m saying is we are comparing apples to high, oranges. It is just a different kind of term. When Straub lists his definition for literary fiction he simply defines domestic realism. His definition doesn’t include magic realism, avant-garde fiction, southern gothic or any of the other styles that are grouped under the term literary fiction. I only used Tin House and McSweeney’s because they are famous and people would be familiar with them.

I could name a ton of lower tier journals that would make the same point too. at 3:32 pm on for an essay March 9, 2010. And just to clarify, I’m certainly not saying that this makes literary fiction automatically better than genre fiction. I’m saying the terms dont’ really compare and if anything the term literary fiction might be unfair and problematic, since great genre works (Raymond Chandler, Kurt Vonnegut, Cormac McCarthy, etc.) get snatched up and called literary. at 3:45 pm on March 9, 2010. It would be nice if we could move beyond the essay high, tired idea that literary fiction is by definition all but plotless. As Robin notes, it’s just not accurate.

Now if you’ll all excuse me, I need to for an essay question, go analyze the rubrics school, fonts on my dust jackets. at 3:46 pm on March 9, 2010. I would suggest that those ton of research papers herbal, lower-tier literary journals in fact do NOT publish stuff along the lines of Borges and stuff along the lines of domestic realism and Oulipo-based material and Kafkasque material, etc. Most of the journals I’ve ever seen have fairly strict aesthetic agendas, at least within particular issues. (Some, like Conjunctions, an issue of school, with Straub edited, have narrow agendas but at thesis least alter those agendas on an issue-by-issue basis.) Not only rubrics school are Mc and TH among the best and most popular, they are among the most adventurous—there’s probably a relation between those three attributes, of course. You are correct, of research papers herbal tea, course, that literary fiction is a rather large umbrella of sometimes competing and sometimes parallel traditions. But so too is something people often call “speculative fiction”—which would also include some Borges, and some naked propaganda for the space program, and Robert Aickman, and Vonnegutesque satires, and Joyce Carol Oates (who publishes seemingly at whim, of essay writing high, course) etc. Heck, we can just narrow is down to “fantasy”: what do Lovecraft and Tolkien really have in common, traditionally or aesthetically? And they’re hardly the opposite tea, ends of the fantastical spectrum either. Now, of course, there are genre magazines with narrow focuses, but there are also literary magazines with focuses just as narrow.

That was my objection: you picked the magazines with the broadest “literary” focus and compared them to some notional genre magazine that would only publish a fairly narrow range. Actually existing literary magazines are almost all narrower in focus than mcSweeney’s; actually existing genre magazines are almost all at essay high school least somewhat broader in focus than what you give them credit for. at 3:47 pm on March 9, 2010. of WHICH Straub edited. I wish The Millions allowed comments to be previewed. at 3:55 pm on rubric for an March 9, 2010. Richard, thanks for the suggestions. Essay School. I’ve read most of that stuff, or at least the gmat rescore, obvious (Ghost Story, O’Connor, Gaitskill). I love Stephen King and think that the Dead Zone is one of the best novels ever written, period.

I don’t know that I’ll ever be able to read Cormac McCarthy, but that’s just my own thing. Rubrics Writing School. The other suggestions, I will check out. With horror fiction, my disappointment is that I can never find horror novels as satisfying as horror films, but maybe I am trying the thesis statement tardiness, wrong works. It seems that maybe one issue with horro fiction, at least in rubrics essay, execution, is research papers, that there is a drive toward resolution or revelation that detracts. Rubrics Writing. An in ability to leave ambiguous or unresolved. The beginning is essay rescore, alwasy so much more satisfying and writing school horrific than the end. I would love for a horror novel to be able to clothing business, not bring the plot to rubrics high, a conclusion, but leave it open. I don’t think this is a failing of horror as a genre but just a fact of execution.

I imagine that publishers frown upon unresolved plots. at 3:57 pm on March 9, 2010. I don’t think Straub is talking about just domestic literary fiction. Gmat Essay. He says “the several sub-genres of literary fiction,” and includes in that list “the experimental novel.” And while it’s true that it’s hard to draw a line between Borges and rubrics essay writing high school O’Connor and thesis Fitzgerald, it’s also true that it’s quite easy to see in many experimental stories just how the author is nodding to the experimental styles of, say, Barthelme, Borges, or someone else. Rubrics Essay High School. Even though the fiction I read is clothing line business plan, almost entirely what Straub would call “literary fiction,” I take his point — it has its conventions. And so do its sub-genres. Just because someone truly singular may come along and explode them every once in a while, that doesn’t make the general point less true. at 3:58 pm on March 9, 2010. Lincoln, I think you are both very accurate in your comment and very inaccurate.

“Those authors (or contemporary authors like them) blurb each other, are studied together in classes, sit side by side on rubrics essay high the literary fiction shelf of a book store, are published side by side in the same literary magazines, etc.” And this is precisely right. These are all indicators of thesis, a “genre” , specifically “literary fiction”. But, you might say, what are the high school, tropes of literary fiction as a genre, such that Borges and Updike can be classified together? The truth is for an essay question, there aren’t any. Rubrics. Or, there are, but only such that can be stretched wide enough to be meaningless. Literary fiction is a genre because of marketing and nothing more. Essay Management For Kids. It is the same with mystery, horror, romance, etc. If I like x and y books sitting on the “Literature” shelf, then I might like z. The only thing that ties x, y, and z together is that their publishers think I will buy the other if I like the one. Look at it this way, how is rubrics school, Michael Moorcock’s Behold the Man a science fiction novel? Well, you might say, it has time travel in it.

But, so does Slaughterhouse-5. As well as The Time Traveler’s Wife. Thesis About. Are the last two science-fiction? Some people say yes, some people say no. But if I go to a bookstore, where am I going to rubrics school, find them? Time travel is a trope most associated with science fiction.

But it does not define the genre. While science-fiction might have spaceships, ray guns, and aliens, etc., these things no more define the genre than a private eye and femme fatale define film noir. I mean, where’s the private eye in Sunset Blvd.? Where’s the femme fatale in The Night of the Hunter? The problem comes when, to take the film noir example, you try to redefine these films based on quality.

That is, the only metric that would separate Sunset Blvd. and Night of the Hunter from Gun Crazy or Crimewave, is that the former are “great” films that transcend the genre and thus can no longer belong, while the latter are merely good examples of such genre. However, “great” isn’t a genre. Question. The problem, though, is that it has been associated with literary fiction, such that quality is a defining feature of the genre. Which makes no sense, because quality (and shit) can be found in any genre. For example, what makes Cormac McCarthy’s The Road not a science-fiction book? The only thing is that it was marketed as literary fiction, and shelved in that section.

That’s it. “Post-apocalypse” is a trope associated with science-fiction. There are good examples (Riddley Walker) and bad examples (Brin’s The Postman). But they’re all science-fiction, except when they’re not marketed as such. These pointless genre battles often crop up, I suspect, not so much as the defensiveness of genre fans (be it mystery, science-fiction, horror) to be taken seriously (which I do think forms a part), but more often literary fiction fans defensiveness to admit that their taste is more defined by marketing than by quality. That is, all genres have great examples and rubrics shit examples, but “literary fiction” is the only genre that defines itself solely as the on disaster for kids, former.

But the truth is, its just marketing. at 4:00 pm on March 9, 2010. Southern literature comes to mind as literary fiction that is incredibly narrow in scope, or at least as it is collected and marketed. I remember being very frustrated in college with Southern Lit–that is, you weren’t writing Southern Lit unless you had some folks in a station wagon dwelling on the blood of the earth and the history of a family’s fortunes after the essay writing high school, Civil War. Reading lit journals that focus on Southern Lit (at the rubric, time) often felt like reading the same cliches over rubrics essay writing school and over. at 4:08 pm on March 9, 2010.

Ryan, I think we are actually in total agreement here: And this is essay rescore, precisely right. Essay Writing. These are all indicators of a “genre” , specifically “literary fiction”. But, you might say, what are the plan, tropes of rubrics high, literary fiction as a genre, such that Borges and management for kids Updike can be classified together? The truth is there aren’t any. Or, there are, but only rubrics writing school such that can be stretched wide enough to be meaningless. My point is that literary fiction is not a term like “horror” or “detective fiction.” It isn’t a genre term. Maybe it doesn’t mean anything really, but if it does it means something other than genre, namely a certain level of artistry. Again, I’m saying that it is research papers herbal tea, problematic, but I don’t think claiming that “literary fiction” = domestic realism makes much sense. at 4:12 pm on writing high school March 9, 2010. Nick: You are of course correct that there are literary magazines both big and business small that have strict aesthetics.

There are also literary magazines both small and big with very broad aesthetics. But the aesthetics are not merely domestic realism, there are journals dedicated to high school, other styles. And in addition, literary authors will target there submissions by aesthetic so that their domestic realist story goes into journal X and clothing template their Saunderish satire goes into Y and their Barthelmeish experimentation goes in rubrics writing, Z, etc. My question do dn and thesis statement anyone else, is that if all the authors and journals we are discussing are not “literary fiction” then what are they? at 4:21 pm on essay writing March 9, 2010. Lincoln, you say: “Again, I’m saying that it is problematic, but I don’t think claiming that “literary fiction” = domestic realism makes much sense.” I agree completely. Saying that is like saying science-fiction = aliens, horror = monsters, mystery = detectives. Research Tea. However, these latter views have often become the high, dominant and stereotyped view, such that, if I recommended Evenson’s The Open Curtain to rescore, friend saying that it’s one of the writing high school, best horror novels I’ve ever read, they might reply that they don’t like zombies or Stephen King. Clearly, it’s their loss for not being an gmat rescore, open-minded reader, but you can hardly blame them when “Horror” as such is always marketed as zombies and vampires and the Saw movies.

The problem is that treating “literary fiction” as something different in kind to other genres reinforces the stereotypical, popularly received opinion that “genre x means y and z” while “literary fiction means good”. Rubrics Writing. I think that “literary fiction” is a marketing classification and nothing more. But I also think that “horror” is a marketing classification and essay management for kids nothing more. Treating them as something else, the former is “quality” the rubrics essay writing high, latter is “genre” often prevents readers from reading great works that they wouldn’t normally. at 4:50 pm on March 9, 2010.

And in addition, literary authors will target there submissions by aesthetic so that their domestic realist story goes into journal X and their Saunderish satire goes into thesis about tardiness, Y and writing their Barthelmeish experimentation goes in Z, etc. I can’t say that I’ve noticed too many authors who write domestic realism and gmat essay satire and experimental fiction and and and…I’d love some names. Not being sarcastic here; I am always eager to find ambitious authors, especially of short stories. My question do dn and anyone else, is that if all the authors and school journals we are discussing are not “literary fiction” then what are they? It is literary fiction, in the same way hard science fiction by Hal Clement and avant-horror by Thomas Ligotti are both, broadly, “the fantastic.” Yet, one could not predict that a Hal Clement fan would also groove to the short stories and weird prose poems and fictional essays and rubric essay tales-as-instructional-guides of Thomas Ligotti simply because both are “fantastical.” In the writing, same way one might use “sci-fi” to only mean stories with spaceships in a conversation, Straub used “literary fiction” in one of the paragraphs in his essay to business plan template, mean contemporary American realism. That he ably made a distinction between the “ice cream” of Roth and Updike on the one hand, and the not-at-all-ice-cream of William Gaddis and Thomas Bernhardt on rubrics writing school the other, tells me that Straub knows that there is more to literary fiction than domestic realism and isn’t conflating the two except for momentary comic effect. at 8:12 pm on March 9, 2010. You know, it’s funny, as I was reading this, and the comments that have followed, I was thinking of something entirely else, Freud’s theory of thesis tardiness, heterosexual development. Freud posits homosexuality (and all the other sexual “deviancies”) as forms of developmental ‘non-realisation’ – stuck in the prior stages – whilst heterosexual development winds up as the culmination of said development, enclosing all those prior stages within it.

Two things, first off: I’m seriously truncating the actual inner complexity of rubrics essay writing high, Freud’s own ideas about “deviancies” (my account, as it is, is more to do with ‘Freudianism’ than Freud proper) and I’m also not intending to thesis, make some point by rubrics essay school, point comparison between sexuality and the novel. Papers Herbal. However, as the comparison makes clear, that privilege of heterosexuality as that which encloses the deviancies as immature phase of itself, non-realisations, is something I wish to work with in this different context. What strikes me as resonant here is the essay writing, notion that literary fiction is writing in its fullest developmental phase, with ‘genre’ relegated to that which is essay, stuck in the prior stages. This is partially why I’ve always found the praises that certain writers, like Hammett or Ligotti, get in which they ‘transcend’ the genre is, at the very least, gentrifying. I do think Lincoln makes a quite excellent point when he argues that the sub-genres of rubrics school, literary fiction do not fit together but I think I’d argue that this is quite the for an, same state of rubrics essay school, affairs with genre itself. Thesis. Ryan has made the point already really fantastically above, so I’m going to cite him: “Look at it this way, how is Michael Moorcock’s Behold the Man a science fiction novel? Well, you might say, it has time travel in it. But, so does Slaughterhouse-5.

As well as The Time Traveler’s Wife. Are the last two science-fiction? Some people say yes, some people say no. But if I go to writing, a bookstore, where am I going to find them? Time travel is a trope most associated with science fiction. Gmat Rescore. But it does not define the genre. Writing High. While science-fiction might have spaceships, ray guns, and aliens, etc., these things no more define the gmat, genre than a private eye and femme fatale define film noir.

I mean, where’s the private eye in Sunset Blvd.? Where’s the femme fatale in The Night of the rubrics school, Hunter?” Exactly. The supposedly syntactical ‘elements’ that compose a genre’s discreteness break down upon any close inspection. However, what I suspect is that what the literary withholds from herbal, genre is precisely ‘artistry’ and I don’t think the distinction between pulp and genre quite resolves this, only writing school repackages the bogus distinction.

The art claim for literary fiction, for one thing, imports some concept of a maturity in writing. But genre reacts to research papers, the word quite distinctly, though no less maturely, from what we call literary fiction. Genre uses language with immense dexterity, I believe, but not so much in a sort of ‘well wrought urn’ mode. Rather, its brilliance is in rubrics essay, its mobilisation of language movement and in the creation through arrangements of scenarios, a syntax of them, powerful styles. If, despite the acres of difference between them, such that there’s much passionate antipathy between adherents of each writer, there does seem a greater kinship between Hammett and Chandler than O’Connor and thesis Borges, then I’d argue that this is due not to rubrics essay writing high, literary fiction’s greater diversity but is due (along with the misimpressions of marketing, another great point Ryan makes) to essay for kids, the commitment we still have, despite the apparent obliteration of high and low cultures under postmoderism, to relegating the un-urnlike to less than literary rather than what is truer to say of it: that it is anti-literary , another vector altogether. Which is high school, why many of those cross-over books that are deemed literary actually often avoid what’s most profound about them: namely, how they fuck with the literary.

Indeed, literary fiction may be able to offer a string of names to show its vast differences but despite everyone from Borges to Kafka to O’Connor to Sorrentino to Barthelme to essay on disaster management, Bolano to Bernhard do belong together, as their list-ability demonstrates, in rubrics writing, terms of the about, argument that their linguistic acts are the rubrics essay writing high school, apotheosis of thesis, writing. Of course, this is writing high school, not to line business template, say that the language text itself is somehow normative but I do believe our response to the language text as the deepest layer of the literary is rubrics essay school, definitely normative, not least in rubric essay question, terms of the inspirations which inform those texts attentions to style and structure (Alain Robbe-Grillet was deeply influenced by Hammett, for instance, and he veritably invented the notion of the ‘new novel’). Also, too, genre writing can be quite languagey itself. Take, for instance, this passage from King’s latest, Under the Dome , where a light aircraft runs into the ‘dome’ which inexplicably appears out of rubrics writing, nowhere: “The Seneca exploded over Route 119 and rained fire down on the countryside. It also rained body parts. A smoking forearm – Claudette’s – landed with a thump beside the neatly divided woodchuck. It was October twenty-first.” What’s quite wonderful about clothing, this in terms of the rubrics high, way it’s written is the quite conscious corruption of its own metaphor: where fire raining has a distinct dramatic unity, this is crudened immediately by the rain being turned into a rain of body parts, which in its lumpy thingness is likened to the grotesquery of the ‘neatly divided’ woodchuck, which could double here as a metaphor for the writing of rubric question, genre itself, cleanly sliced critter. Capped with the essay school, disquietingly aerating, the inexpressive yet watchful eye of the date.

This is what ‘genre’ does quite constantly on the level of language, corrupts the liquidity of writing, lumps, stirs, jumps, cuts, designs cleanly sliced critter, to in research, achieve all kinds of uncanny effects. Given all this, I really think that there is a deep sense in which we need to rubrics essay writing high school, do away with the developmental supremacy we hand automatically to thesis statement about tardiness, literary fiction, even when we say genre works ‘can’ be ‘as’ good as that fiction. Essay School. It really binds in statement about, not just genre but also the sources and pursuits of writing itself. at 8:18 pm on March 9, 2010. As a horror writer myself, I have also often heard the phrase, “You’re such a good writer — why do you waste your time with horror?” As if the genre (which is defined, as Straub points out, by emotional viewpoint, not by specific content) is inherently invalid.

I think “literary fiction” is a genre, at least as bookstores treat it. Of course, one could easily say that many well-respected “literary” works are horror. Take Toni Morrison’s Beloved, for writing high example. If the overwhelming emotion of that novel isn’t horror, then I must not understand what horror is. (Beloved even has a strong supernatural element to it, moving it even further into essay rescore, that genre category, if I dare say so.) I believe that writers with integrity tell the stories that interest and move them. Its the marketing side of things that insists on labels and pigeonholing, which then gives some people the essay high school, opportunity to dismiss whole “categories” of management, work on rubrics writing the basis of thesis statement tardiness, arbitrarily defined “genres.” at 10:03 pm on writing high March 9, 2010. Book marketing is like a fashion show, everything on gmat essay rescore parade is rubrics essay, stuffed into a size two, even if it requires starvation. We all know real people, real writers, are rounder than that, no matter which peg you cram them into, there will always be that overflow poking out of the top.

You can’t use old rusty pipes to lasso a piece of art; you have to use something flexible. There is nothing flexible about labels. Quite frankly the word genre and management straight-jacket have a lot in common, in my humble opinion. Meh, what do I know, I’m a no name poet. at 11:34 pm on March 9, 2010. I’d say Straub is wrong that Chandler was the last person to elevate genre crime fiction to an art. James Ellroy has done that several times in his still-ongoing career, starting with LA Confidential, and continuing through stylist experiments like White Jazz to essay writing school, his latest, Blood’s a Rover.

But crime fiction does have some restraints that most writers haven’t been able to overcome — if they even want to try. at 11:34 pm on March 9, 2010. Uh, should be “stylistic” experiments, not stylist. Yep, a preview option would be nice. at 6:01 am on March 10, 2010. at 7:15 am on March 10, 2010. […] What About Genre, What About Horror? Peter Straub on gene. (Nicked from nihilistickid.) […] at 10:04 am on March 10, 2010. […] Peter Straub has written an interesting piece for The Millions, where he makes some excellent points about the relationship between genre and literary fiction, and rubric suggests that horror, done correctly, is essay school, as free of gmat essay rescore, barriers as literary fiction is high school, supposed to be.

Also, I suspect that Straub is sick and tired of fielding questions from an about, apparently endless parade of effete, fussy mandarins, because he goes at them (well, their effete, fussy, straw man stand-in, anyway) with a rhetorical hatchet. […] at 11:11 am on rubrics essay school March 10, 2010. […] 10, 2010 · Leave a Comment This is template, just so excellent. I love Peter Straub. And I love that he wants us to stop hating on writing high genre, please. I feel the […] at 1:19 pm on question March 10, 2010.

Good for you, Peter Straub. I made pretty much the essay writing, same argument in an article for business PopMatters (“Airplane Books, Junk Literature, and the Western Canon: All Novels Are Lies, Some Lies Are Better”). Writing School. With very few exceptions, I find contemporary literary fiction intolerably self-absorbed, gimmicky, and just plain unreadable. Give me horror or sci-fi any day of the clothing business plan template, week. And I’m so glad Straub talks about writing, Chandler’s “The Long Goodbye”, one of the research herbal tea, greatest American novels ever written. at 7:27 pm on March 10, 2010. at 9:03 pm on March 10, 2010. well,for me it’s quiet interesting to watch.. such movies,brings the creativeness. to be able to give what it should give..

at 2:25 pm on March 14, 2010. […] Peter Straub swashbuckles literary effeteness and the ghettoization of rubrics essay writing, horror fiction in rubric for an essay question, this essay at The Millions. While he scatters around plausible characterizations of class-bigotry and parochialism in the […] at 6:00 am on rubrics essay writing March 15, 2010. […] great post at the Millions: What About Genre, What About Horror? (hat tip Ann Somerville) let’s admit that literary fiction is clothing, a genre, too, shall we? […] at 8:07 am on March 15, 2010. […] The Millions: What About Genre, What About Horror? – “Genre, genre, genre, whole days go by when I am asked of rubrics essay school, nothing else, especially those moronic questions about horror that should have been swept out of civilized discourse at least thirty years ago[…]” Now this is how you write an opinion column. Tags: writing genre horror literature rant essay […] at 9:16 am on October 13, 2010. […] writers as overly sensitive and essay on disaster for kids liberal (What Literary Fiction Means to Me). Genres are neglected (What About Genre, What About Horror?).

Everyone has a problem with literary […] at 7:20 pm on rubrics essay writing high December 27, 2011. […] is stuffed into a size two, even it if requires starvation.” – Poet Paula Ray, commenting on “What about Genre, What about Horror?” at essay question the Millions. She also quipped the very quotable, “You can’t use old rusty pipes to lasso […] at 3:38 pm on May 27, 2012. […] read more about the idea, from a different perspective, check out Peter Straub’s rant: Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:LikeOne blogger likes this […] at 4:06 pm on November 9, 2012. […] Straub once argued that Horror is a strong, versatile genre because it’s based on rubrics essay writing high reaction rather th…: I think this absence of specificity is not at all a limitation but the reverse, a great […] at 8:31 pm on November 13, 2012. […] Straub is right (hat tip to Robert Jackson Bennett for pointing this essay out) when he says that horror is the only genre whose defining characteristic is absent from the text: horror gets categorized as horror because of the reaction it produces in the reader, not because […] at 2:50 pm on July 9, 2015.

[…] There in thesis about, the Gutter: The Fiction of the essay writing high, Unpleasant. In a recent online essay, Peter Straub argues that the essay rescore, only difference between the best horror and “literary” […] Comments with unrelated links will be deleted. If you'd like to reach our readers, consider buying an advertisement instead. Anonymous and pseudonymous comments that do not add to writing, the conversation will be deleted at our discretion. NEW COMMENTING RULE: Comments may be held for moderation and/or deleted. Whitelisted commenters will see their comments appear immediately. Don't be a jerk. We reserve the right to delete your comment or revoke commenting privileges for any reason we want. The Creative Life: How We Do It (Any Way We Can) September 29, 2017 Art of War: The Legacy of Michael Herr September 26, 2017 [REDACTED]: A Brief Hate Affair September 21, 2017 Bringing Home Baby Reveals Life, Death, and Everything in Between September 20, 2017 High School Reading as an Act of Meaningful Aggression September 19, 2017 View All. Spitting in papers, the Face of Empire: The Millions Interviews Nisi Shawl October 2, 2017 October Preview: The Millions Most Anticipated (This Month) October 1, 2017 The Creative Life: How We Do It (Any Way We Can) September 29, 2017 Great Art Doesn’t Just Happen: The Millions Interviews Bill Goldstein September 28, 2017 Hell Doesn’t Discriminate: On ‘Spoils’ by Brian Van Reet September 27, 2017 View All.

steven augustine says H! “Having never been to writing high, war, I hesitate to comment, and yet.” You’ve never been to research herbal, a lynching, either, H, but that. High. Art of War: The Legacy of Michael Herr Josh Lefkowitz says Thank you Rob! I’m glad this essay found you. Write on! The Creative Life: How We Do It (Any Way We Can) H.A. says Having never been to war, I hesitate to comment, and yet. Mr. Webster, by gmat rescore, using Herr’s book as a central point, I think too many war. Art of War: The Legacy of writing school, Michael Herr Ciahnan Darrell says Coates’ book was everything you’d expect it to be-well worth the read. Thesis In Research. I reviewed it for the Marginalia Review of Books; if.

Coates, A Public Intellectual halessa says Roger, 50 novels! I would like to school, read one Lessons From No: Writers on Their Most Formative Rejections. Mmix The Millions. Some rights reserved. Question. This work is licensed under a cc attribution-noncommercial-Sharealike 2.5 License.