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Essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt

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So When Exactly Did Bill Ayers and Barack Obama Meet? In his massive new biography about Barack Obama#39;s pre-presidential years, Rising Star: The Making of Barack Obama , Pulitzer Prize-winner David Garrow makes hash out of the lie that preserved Obama#39;s candidacy in comparing mesopotamia 2008. That said, he pulls back from the implications of his own revelations to protect what remains of Obama#39;s literary reputation. In the way of rationale research example, background, during an April 2008 presidential primary debate on ABC, George Stephanopoulos said about Bill Ayers and pals, They bombed the Pentagon, the Capitol, and other buildings. He#39;s never apologized for essay and contrasting and egypt, that.

He then asked Obama, Can you explain that relationship for the voters and explain to Democrats why it won#39;t be a problem? This is rationale paper example a guy who lives in my neighborhood, said Obama dismissively of Ayers. He#39;s not somebody who I exchange ideas from mesopotamia and egypt, [sic] on research, a regular basis. The question fueled what the L.A. Times called a storm of criticism. The rage was directed not at Obama for his dissembling, but at Stephanopoulos for his effrontery. How dare he ask Obama about an obscure sixties radical? asked Michael Grunwald of Time. The media chose not to and contrasting and egypt follow up.

If they had, Hillary Clinton would have won the nomination. What Acting. Garrow has come along nine years too late to do Clinton any good. But after ten years researching this book and comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, interviewing a thousand people, he reveals just how strong was the relationship between Ayers and essay career, Obama and how deep was the lie that protected it. Unfortunately, there is an essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, element of that lie Garrow himself insists on essay, protecting. Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt. Garrow sticks to the story that state senator Alice Palmer asked Ayers and essay development, his wife Bernardine Dohrn to host a fundraiser for state Senate candidate Obama in the fall of 1995 as if they needed to be asked. Then Garrow begins adding information. After that gathering, Barack and Michelle began to see a great deal more of not only Bill and Bernardine but also their three closest friends, Rashid and Mona Khalidi and Carole Travis. Essay Comparing. Rashid Khalidi was a Palestinian native of radical bent then living in Chicago.

According to Garrow, Obama did the following during the next eight years. He organized a panel on vellacott essay, juvenile justice based on essay comparing and contrasting, a new book by Ayers. He served on the Woods Fund board with Ayers. He joined Ayers for research papers, a panel discussion, Intellectuals, Who Need Them. And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt. Up until the time of his 2004 Senate run, he and Michelle attended the college how long almost nightly dinners held with Ayers, Dohrn, and the Khalidis. Essay Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt. Ayers obviously meant a whole lot more to Obama than a guy who lives in the neighborhood might be expected to. But how much more?

Khalidi did not shy from giving credit where it was due. He began the acknowledgment section of world hunger outline, his 2004 book, Resurrecting Empire , with a tribute to his own literary muse: First, chronologically and in other ways comes Bill Ayers. Khalidi had no reason to be coy about this relationship. Obama obviously did. Garrow obliges him.

Although he concedes that Ayers and Obama both dated the same woman, Genevieve Cook, in New York City in 1984, he does not try to connect the dots. Nor does Garrow try to connect dots when Ayers follows Obama to essay comparing Chicago and both work on educational reform with the same people during the years 1987-1988. No, Garrow specifically traces the first meeting of Ayers and Obama to a time in essay 1995 immediately after pre-publication galleys for Obama#39;s book Dreams from My Father arrived in Chicago in other words, too late for Ayers to have helped at all with the book#39;s writing. This is way too convenient. For all his research, Garrow refuses to ask what Bill Ayers saw in Obama. The answer may well be found in essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt a 1994 essay that Ayers co-authored, whose title befits a former merchant seaman: Navigating a restless sea: The continuing struggle to achieve a decent education for African American youngsters in Chicago. In Navigating, Ayers and his nominal co-author, former New Communist Movement leader Michael Klonsky, offer a detailed analysis of the Chicago school system and a discussion of potential reforms.

Garrow cites Navigating twice but chooses not to see the obvious namely, that Obama offers a nearly identical analysis in Dreams . This analysis was completed in the same year, 1994, as Navigating. The particular value Obama brought to the relationship can be found not in the many points on which Ayers and hunger outline, the Obama of Dreams agree, but rather on comparing mesopotamia and egypt, the one point on which they at least seem to differ. First, the areas of agreement. Vellacott Essay. Dreams tells us that Chicago#39;s schools remained in a state of perpetual crisis. In Navigating, the situation is described as a perpetual state of conflict, paralysis, and stagnation. Essay And Contrasting Mesopotamia. Dreams describes a bloated bureaucracy as one source of the problem and a teachers#39; union that went out on strike at least once every two years as another. Navigating affirms that the essay development bureaucracy has grown steadily in the past decade and confirms Dreams #39; math, citing a ninth walkout in 18 years. Self-interest is at the heart of the bureaucratic mess described in Dreams . Navigating clarifies that survivalist bureaucracies struggle for power to protect their narrow, self-interested positions against any common, public purpose. In Dreams , educators defend the status quo and blame problems on impossible children and their bad parents.

In Navigating, an educator serves as apologist for the status quo and place[s] the blame for school failure on children and families. Another challenge cited in Dreams is an indifferent state legislature. Ayers cites an unwillingness on [the legislature#39;s] part to mesopotamia adequately fund Chicago schools. In Dreams , school reform is the only solution Obama envisions. In Navigating, Ayers has no greater passion than reforming Chicago#39;s schools. In fact, in that same year this article was written, 1994, the ambitious Ayers co-authored the proposal that would win for Chicago a $49.2-million Annenberg Challenge grant.

Obama would later be made its chair. In Dreams , the thoughts on educational reform are channeled through the soulful voice of two older black Americans. Essay. The first, Moran, a composite, tells Obama, The public school system is not about educating black children. Never has been. Inner-city schools are about social control. Period. Social control is an Ayers obsession. The message to Black people was that at essay comparing and contrasting and egypt, any moment and for any reason whatsoever your life or the research lives of your loved ones could be randomly snuffed out, he writes in his memoir, Fugitive Days. The intention was social control through random intimidation and unpredictable violence.

In Dreams , Moran elaborates on and contrasting mesopotamia, the fate of the black student: From day one, what#39;s he learning about? Someone else#39;s history. Someone else#39;s culture. Not only that, this culture he#39;s supposed to learn is the same culture that#39;s systematically rejected him, denied his humanity. Precociously Afrocentric, Ayers has been making the research papers and harlem same case since he first got involved in comparing and contrasting mesopotamia education. The public schools#39; idea of integration is rationale research paper example racist, he said early in his career. They put Negro children into school and and contrasting, demand that they give up their Negro culture. Negro children are forced to speak, behave, and react according to middle-class standards. The second of Obama#39;s educational mentors is Frank, Obama#39;s mentor in Hawaii, the Communist Frank Marshall Davis. Frank tells the discuss is good acting college-bound Obama, You#39;re not going to college to get educated. You#39;re going there to get trained.

They#39;ll train you to forget what it is and contrasting that you already know. World Hunger Essay. Ayers makes the identical distinction in his 1993 book To Teach . Education is for self-activating explorers of comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, life, for outline, those who would challenge fate, for doers and activists, for citizens. Training is for slaves, for essay comparing, loyal subjects, for tractable employees, for willing consumers, for obedient soldiers. By 1994, Ayers had been preaching educational reform for nearly thirty years, but one major force still intimidated him: Chicago#39;s sluggish and self-interested educational bureaucracy. Over the research renaissance years, this bureaucracy had morphed, as Ayers notes in Navigating, from essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, being a bastion of [w]hite political patronage and racism to being a source of Black professional jobs, contracts, and, yes, patronage. For reasons both ideological and practical, Ayers wilted in the face of this bureaucracy. On this racially tender issue, not so strangely, Dreams tells a different story.

Obama openly chides the black teachers, principals, and district superintendents, who knew too much to send their own children to public school. Discuss What Is Good. The biggest source of resistance was rarely talked about, Obama continues namely, that these educators would defend the essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt status quo with the same skill and vellacott essay, vigor as their white counterparts of two decades before. As to the claims of these educators, affirmed in Navigating, that cutbacks in the bureaucracy were part of a white effort to wrest back control, the author of Dreams says, teasingly, [N]ot so true. Essay Comparing And Contrasting And Egypt. Not so true? In these three words one can anticipate Obama#39;s potential return on Ayers#39;s investment.

Simply put, as a black American, Obama could address sensitive racial issues in ways Ayers could not. College Application. Ayers surely recognized this. To advance Obama#39;s career, it appears, Ayers finished up Dreams , got Obama appointed chair of the Chicago Annenberg Challenge grant, and essay and contrasting, launched his state Senate run, all in vellacott essay 1994-1995. The political calculus behind that ambition helped shape Dreams . And Egypt. This was a careful book written to jump-start the rationale research paper example career of a deeply indebted and highly malleable Chicago politician, maybe even a mayor, one who saw the world through white eyes, as Ayers did, but one who could articulate the city#39;s real problems in words that Ayers could not. Mesopotamia. This would have worked out much better for essay career, Ayers if Obama had contented himself with Chicago. As history records, he did not. In his massive new biography about mesopotamia Barack Obama#39;s pre-presidential years, Rising Star: The Making of Barack Obama , Pulitzer Prize-winner David Garrow makes hash out of the lie that preserved Obama#39;s candidacy in 2008. That said, he pulls back from the implications of his own revelations to protect what remains of Obama#39;s literary reputation. In the way of background, during an April 2008 presidential primary debate on ABC, George Stephanopoulos said about Bill Ayers and vellacott essay, pals, They bombed the Pentagon, the Capitol, and other buildings. He#39;s never apologized for that. He then asked Obama, Can you explain that relationship for the voters and explain to essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt Democrats why it won#39;t be a problem?

This is a guy who lives in my neighborhood, said Obama dismissively of Ayers. He#39;s not somebody who I exchange ideas from [sic] on a regular basis. Papers And Harlem Renaissance. The question fueled what the L.A. Times called a storm of comparing mesopotamia, criticism. The rage was directed not at essay outline, Obama for his dissembling, but at essay comparing mesopotamia, Stephanopoulos for his effrontery. How dare he ask Obama about an obscure sixties radical? asked Michael Grunwald of Time.

The media chose not to follow up. If they had, Hillary Clinton would have won the nomination. Garrow has come along nine years too late to do Clinton any good. But after ten years researching this book and research paper example, interviewing a thousand people, he reveals just how strong was the relationship between Ayers and Obama and how deep was the lie that protected it. Unfortunately, there is an element of that lie Garrow himself insists on protecting. Garrow sticks to the story that state senator Alice Palmer asked Ayers and his wife Bernardine Dohrn to host a fundraiser for essay comparing and contrasting, state Senate candidate Obama in papers renaissance the fall of 1995 as if they needed to essay and contrasting be asked. Then Garrow begins adding information. After that gathering, Barack and Michelle began to see a great deal more of not only Bill and Bernardine but also their three closest friends, Rashid and Mona Khalidi and research papers renaissance, Carole Travis. Rashid Khalidi was a Palestinian native of essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, radical bent then living in Chicago.

According to Garrow, Obama did the following during the next eight years. He organized a panel on juvenile justice based on a new book by and harlem Ayers. He served on the Woods Fund board with Ayers. He joined Ayers for a panel discussion, Intellectuals, Who Need Them. Up until the time of his 2004 Senate run, he and Michelle attended the essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt almost nightly dinners held with Ayers, Dohrn, and the Khalidis. Ayers obviously meant a whole lot more to Obama than a guy who lives in the neighborhood might be expected to. But how much more? Khalidi did not shy from giving credit where it was due. World Hunger. He began the acknowledgment section of comparing and contrasting and egypt, his 2004 book, Resurrecting Empire , with a tribute to his own literary muse: First, chronologically and in other ways comes Bill Ayers. Khalidi had no reason to be coy about college essay how long this relationship.

Obama obviously did. Garrow obliges him. Although he concedes that Ayers and Obama both dated the same woman, Genevieve Cook, in New York City in 1984, he does not try to essay comparing and contrasting connect the dots. Nor does Garrow try to connect dots when Ayers follows Obama to Chicago and both work on rationale research paper, educational reform with the same people during the years 1987-1988. Comparing And Egypt. No, Garrow specifically traces the first meeting of Ayers and Obama to a time in discuss what is good 1995 immediately after pre-publication galleys for Obama#39;s book Dreams from My Father arrived in Chicago in other words, too late for Ayers to have helped at all with the book#39;s writing. This is way too convenient. For all his research, Garrow refuses to ask what Bill Ayers saw in comparing mesopotamia and egypt Obama. The answer may well be found in a 1994 essay that Ayers co-authored, whose title befits a former merchant seaman: Navigating a restless sea: The continuing struggle to achieve a decent education for African American youngsters in Chicago.

In Navigating, Ayers and research renaissance, his nominal co-author, former New Communist Movement leader Michael Klonsky, offer a detailed analysis of the Chicago school system and comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, a discussion of potential reforms. Garrow cites Navigating twice but chooses not to see the obvious namely, that Obama offers a nearly identical analysis in Dreams . Essay Development. This analysis was completed in the same year, 1994, as Navigating. The particular value Obama brought to the relationship can be found not in and contrasting the many points on application, which Ayers and the Obama of Dreams agree, but rather on the one point on which they at least seem to differ. First, the areas of agreement. Dreams tells us that Chicago#39;s schools remained in a state of perpetual crisis. In Navigating, the situation is described as a perpetual state of conflict, paralysis, and stagnation. Dreams describes a bloated bureaucracy as one source of the essay and contrasting and egypt problem and a teachers#39; union that went out on strike at least once every two years as another. Navigating affirms that the bureaucracy has grown steadily in the past decade and confirms Dreams #39; math, citing a ninth walkout in 18 years. Self-interest is at the heart of the bureaucratic mess described in Dreams . Navigating clarifies that survivalist bureaucracies struggle for power to protect their narrow, self-interested positions against essay outline any common, public purpose. Essay Comparing. In Dreams , educators defend the status quo and blame problems on impossible children and their bad parents. In Navigating, an educator serves as apologist for the status quo and place[s] the blame for discuss is good acting, school failure on children and comparing, families.

Another challenge cited in vellacott essay Dreams is an indifferent state legislature. Ayers cites an unwillingness on [the legislature#39;s] part to adequately fund Chicago schools. In Dreams , school reform is the only solution Obama envisions. In Navigating, Ayers has no greater passion than reforming Chicago#39;s schools. In fact, in that same year this article was written, 1994, the ambitious Ayers co-authored the proposal that would win for Chicago a $49.2-million Annenberg Challenge grant.

Obama would later be made its chair. In Dreams , the thoughts on educational reform are channeled through the soulful voice of two older black Americans. The first, Moran, a composite, tells Obama, The public school system is not about educating black children. Never has been. Inner-city schools are about and contrasting and egypt social control. Period. Essay. Social control is an Ayers obsession. The message to Black people was that at any moment and for any reason whatsoever your life or the lives of your loved ones could be randomly snuffed out, he writes in his memoir, Fugitive Days. The intention was social control through random intimidation and unpredictable violence.

In Dreams , Moran elaborates on the fate of the black student: From day one, what#39;s he learning about? Someone else#39;s history. Someone else#39;s culture. Not only that, this culture he#39;s supposed to comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt learn is the same culture that#39;s systematically rejected him, denied his humanity. Precociously Afrocentric, Ayers has been making the same case since he first got involved in education. World Hunger Essay Outline. The public schools#39; idea of integration is essay and contrasting and egypt racist, he said early in essay his career. They put Negro children into school and demand that they give up their Negro culture. Negro children are forced to and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt speak, behave, and react according to middle-class standards. Vellacott Essay. The second of Obama#39;s educational mentors is Frank, Obama#39;s mentor in essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt Hawaii, the career development Communist Frank Marshall Davis.

Frank tells the college-bound Obama, You#39;re not going to college to get educated. You#39;re going there to essay and contrasting get trained. They#39;ll train you to forget what it is that you already know. Ayers makes the college application identical distinction in his 1993 book To Teach . Education is for self-activating explorers of life, for those who would challenge fate, for and egypt, doers and activists, for rationale research, citizens. Training is for slaves, for loyal subjects, for tractable employees, for willing consumers, for obedient soldiers. By 1994, Ayers had been preaching educational reform for nearly thirty years, but one major force still intimidated him: Chicago#39;s sluggish and self-interested educational bureaucracy.

Over the years, this bureaucracy had morphed, as Ayers notes in Navigating, from being a bastion of [w]hite political patronage and racism to being a source of Black professional jobs, contracts, and, yes, patronage. For reasons both ideological and practical, Ayers wilted in the face of this bureaucracy. On this racially tender issue, not so strangely, Dreams tells a different story. Obama openly chides the black teachers, principals, and district superintendents, who knew too much to send their own children to mesopotamia public school. The biggest source of resistance was rarely talked about, Obama continues namely, that these educators would defend the status quo with the career same skill and vigor as their white counterparts of two decades before. As to the claims of these educators, affirmed in Navigating, that cutbacks in the bureaucracy were part of a white effort to essay comparing wrest back control, the author of world hunger, Dreams says, teasingly, [N]ot so true. Not so true? In these three words one can anticipate Obama#39;s potential return on comparing and egypt, Ayers#39;s investment. Simply put, as a black American, Obama could address sensitive racial issues in ways Ayers could not. Ayers surely recognized this. College Essay How Long. To advance Obama#39;s career, it appears, Ayers finished up Dreams , got Obama appointed chair of the Chicago Annenberg Challenge grant, and launched his state Senate run, all in 1994-1995.

The political calculus behind that ambition helped shape Dreams . This was a careful book written to comparing and egypt jump-start the career of vellacott essay, a deeply indebted and comparing and contrasting and egypt, highly malleable Chicago politician, maybe even a mayor, one who saw the world through white eyes, as Ayers did, but one who could articulate the city#39;s real problems in words that Ayers could not. Essay How Long. This would have worked out essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia much better for essay career, Ayers if Obama had contented himself with Chicago. As history records, he did not.

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Hot Essays: Comparing Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay

How to Write a Great Business Plan. Every seasoned investor knows that detailed financial projections for a new company are an act of imagination. Nevertheless, most business plans pour far too much ink on the numbers–and far too little on the information that really matters. Why? William Sahlman suggests that a great business plan is one that focuses on a series of questions. These questions relate to the four factors critical to the success of every new venture: the people, the and contrasting and egypt opportunity, the context, and the possibilities for both risk and reward. The questions about people revolve around three issues: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known?

As for world hunger outline opportunity, the essay mesopotamia plan should focus on two questions: Is the market for the venture’s product or service large or rapidly growing (or preferably both)? and Is the industry structurally attractive? Then, in college application how long, addition to demonstrating an understanding of the essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt context in which their venture will operate, entrepreneurs should make clear how they will respond when that context inevitably changes. Essay Career Development? Finally, the and contrasting and egypt plan should look unflinchingly at the risks the new venture faces, giving would-be backers a realistic idea of what magnitude of reward they can expect and when they can expect it. A great business plan is world, not easy to compose, Sahlman acknowledges, largely because most entrepreneurs are wild-eyed optimists. Mesopotamia? But one that asks the right questions is a powerful tool.

A better deal, not to mention a better shot at success, awaits entrepreneurs who use it. Few areas of vellacott essay, business attract as much attention as new ventures, and few aspects of new-venture creation attract as much attention as the business plan. Countless books and articles in the popular press dissect the topic. A growing number of annual business-plan contests are springing up across the United States and, increasingly, in other countries. Both graduate and undergraduate schools devote entire courses to the subject. Essay Comparing And Contrasting And Egypt? Indeed, judging by development, all the hoopla surrounding business plans, you would think that the only things standing between a would-be entrepreneur and spectacular success are glossy five-color charts, a bundle of meticulous-looking spreadsheets, and a decade of month-by-month financial projections.

Nothing could be further from the truth. In my experience with hundreds of essay mesopotamia and egypt, entrepreneurial startups, business plans rank no higher than 2—on a scale from 1 to 10—as a predictor of essay development, a new venture’s success. And sometimes, in fact, the comparing more elaborately crafted the document, the more likely the venture is to, well, flop, for lack of application essay, a more euphemistic word. What’s wrong with most business plans? The answer is relatively straightforward. Most waste too much ink on numbers and devote too little to essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt the information that really matters to intelligent investors. As every seasoned investor knows, financial projections for a new company—especially detailed, month-by-month projections that stretch out for more than a year—are an act of imagination. An entrepreneurial venture faces far too many unknowns to predict revenues, let alone profits.

Moreover, few if any entrepreneurs correctly anticipate how much capital and time will be required to accomplish their objectives. Typically, they are wildly optimistic, padding their projections. Investors know about the padding effect and therefore discount the figures in rationale example, business plans. These maneuvers create a vicious circle of inaccuracy that benefits no one. Don’t misunderstand me: business plans should include some numbers. But those numbers should appear mainly in the form of a business model that shows the entrepreneurial team has thought through the key drivers of the venture’s success or failure. In manufacturing, such a driver might be the yield on a production process; in magazine publishing, the anticipated renewal rate; or in software, the impact of using various distribution channels. Essay And Contrasting Mesopotamia? The model should also address the break-even issue: At what level of sales does the business begin to make a profit? And even more important, When does cash flow turn positive?

Without a doubt, these questions deserve a few pages in any business plan. Near the how long back. What goes at the front? What information does a good business plan contain? If you want to speak the language of investors—and also make sure you have asked yourself the right questions before setting out on the most daunting journey of a businessperson’s career—I recommend basing your business plan on the framework that follows. It does not provide the kind of “winning” formula touted by some current how-to books and software programs for comparing and contrasting mesopotamia entrepreneurs.

Nor is it a guide to brain surgery. Essay Career? Rather, the framework systematically assesses the four interdependent factors critical to every new venture: The People. The men and women starting and running the essay comparing and egypt venture, as well as the vellacott essay outside parties providing key services or important resources for it, such as its lawyers, accountants, and suppliers. The Opportunity. Essay Comparing And Egypt? A profile of the business itself—what it will sell and to whom, whether the renaissance business can grow and how fast, what its economics are, who and essay and contrasting mesopotamia what stand in the way of success. The Context.

The big picture—the regulatory environment, interest rates, demographic trends, inflation, and and harlem the like—basically, factors that inevitably change but cannot be controlled by the entrepreneur. Risk and Reward. An assessment of everything that can go wrong and right, and a discussion of how the entrepreneurial team can respond. Business Plans: For Entrepreneurs Only? The accompanying article talks mainly about business plans in a familiar context, as a tool for entrepreneurs. But quite often, start-ups are launched within established companies. Do those new ventures require business plans? And if they do, should they be different from the plans entrepreneurs put together? The answer to the first question is an emphatic yes; the answer to the second, an equally emphatic no.

All new ventures—whether they are funded by venture capitalists or, as is the case with intrapreneurial businesses, by essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt, shareholders—need to pass the same acid tests. After all, the marketplace does not differentiate between products or services based on who is pouring money into them behind the scenes. The fact is, intrapreneurial ventures need every bit as much analysis as entrepreneurial ones do, yet they rarely receive it. Essay How Long? Instead, inside big companies, new businesses get proposed in the form of capital-budgeting requests. These faceless documents are subject to detailed financial scrutiny and a consensus-building process, as the project wends its way through the chain of command, what I call the “neutron bomb” model of and contrasting, project governance.

However, in the history of such proposals, a plan never has been submitted that did not promise returns in excess of corporate hurdle rates. It is only after the new business is launched that these numbers explode at the organization’s front door. That problem could be avoided in large part if intrapreneurial ventures followed the research paper example guidelines set out in the accompanying article. For instance, business plans for comparing mesopotamia and egypt such a venture should begin with the résumés of all the people involved. What has the team done in the past that would suggest it would be successful in the future, and essay so on? In addition, the and contrasting and egypt new venture’s product or service should be fully analyzed in terms of its opportunity and context. Going through the acting process forces a kind of discipline that identifies weaknesses and strengths early on and helps managers address both.

It also helps enormously if such discipline continues after the intrapreneurial venture lifts off. When professional venture capitalists invest in new companies, they track performance as a matter of comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, course. But in large companies, scrutiny of world outline, a new venture is often inconsistent. Essay Comparing? That shouldn’t or needn’t be the case. A business plan helps managers ask such questions as: How is the vellacott essay new venture doing relative to projections? What decisions has the team made in response to essay and contrasting and egypt new information? Have changes in discuss is good acting, the context made additional funding necessary? How could the team have predicted those changes? Such questions not only keep a new venture running smoothly but also help an organization learn from its mistakes and triumphs. Many successful companies have been built with the help of venture capitalists.

Many of the underlying opportunities could have been exploited by large companies. Why weren’t they? Perhaps useful lessons can be learned by comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, studying the world of papers, independent ventures, one lesson being: Write a great business plan. The assumption behind the framework is that great businesses have attributes that are easy to identify but hard to assemble. And Contrasting Mesopotamia? They have an experienced, energetic managerial team from the top to the bottom. The team’s members have skills and experiences directly relevant to essay development the opportunity they are pursuing.

Ideally, they will have worked successfully together in the past. Comparing? The opportunity has an attractive, sustainable business model; it is world hunger outline, possible to create a competitive edge and defend it. Many options exist for comparing and contrasting mesopotamia expanding the scale and scope of the business, and these options are unique to the enterprise and its team. Value can be extracted from the business in a number of ways either through a positive harvest event—a sale—or by vellacott essay, scaling down or liquidating. The context is essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, favorable with respect to both the regulatory and the macro-economic environments. Risk is understood, and the team has considered ways to mitigate the impact of difficult events. In short, great businesses have the four parts of the framework completely covered.

If only reality were so neat. When I receive a business plan, I always read the résumé section first. Not because the people part of the essay career development new venture is the essay mesopotamia and egypt most important, but because without the right team, none of the and harlem other parts really matters. I read the résumés of the and contrasting mesopotamia venture’s team with a list of questions in mind. (See the insert “Who Are These People, Anyway?”) All these questions get at the same three issues about the venture’s team members: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known? Fourteen “Personal” Questions Every Business Plan Should Answer. Where are the hunger essay outline founders from? Where have they been educated? Where have they worked—and for whom? What have they accomplished—professionally and personally—in the past?

What is their reputation within the business community? What experience do they have that is directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing? What skills, abilities, and knowledge do they have? How realistic are they about the essay comparing and contrasting venture’s chances for success and the tribulations it will face? Who else needs to be on the team? Are they prepared to recruit high-quality people?

How will they respond to adversity? Do they have the mettle to make the inevitable hard choices that have to be made? How committed are they to this venture? What are their motivations? What and vellacott essay whom they know are matters of insight and experience. How familiar are the team members with industry players and dynamics? Investors, not surprisingly, value managers who have been around the block a few times. A business plan should candidly describe each team member’s knowledge of the new venture’s type of product or service; its production processes; and the market itself, from competitors to customers. It also helps to indicate whether the comparing and egypt team members have worked together before. Not played—as in roomed together in college—but worked . Investors also look favorably on a team that is known because the real world often prefers not to deal with start-ups. They’re too unpredictable.

That changes, however, when the new company is run by people well known to suppliers, customers, and employees. Their enterprise may be brand new, but they aren’t. The surprise element of working with a start-up is somewhat ameliorated. Finally, the people part of a business plan should receive special care because, simply stated, that’s where most intelligent investors focus their attention. A typical professional venture-capital firm receives approximately 2,000 business plans per research papers, year. These plans are filled with tantalizing ideas for new products and services that will change the world and reap billions in the process—or so they say. But the fact is, most venture capitalists believe that ideas are a dime a dozen: only execution skills count. As Arthur Rock, a venture capital legend associated with the formation of comparing and contrasting, such companies as Apple, Intel, and Teledyne, states, “I invest in people, not ideas.” Rock also has said, “If you can find good people, if they’re wrong about the product, they’ll make a switch, so what good is it to understand the product that they’re talking about in the first place?” Business plan writers should keep this admonition in mind as they craft their proposal.

Talk about the people—exhaustively. Example? And if there is nothing solid about their experience and abilities to herald, then the entrepreneurial team should think again about launching the and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt venture. When it comes to the opportunity itself, a good business plan begins by focusing on two questions: Is the total market for the venture’s product or service large, rapidly growing, or both? Is the industry now, or can it become, structurally attractive? Entrepreneurs and investors look for large or rapidly growing markets mainly because it is vellacott essay, often easier to obtain a share of and contrasting mesopotamia, a growing market than to fight with entrenched competitors for a share of a mature or stagnant market. Smart investors, in fact, try hard to research paper example identify high-growth-potential markets early in and contrasting, their evolution: that’s where the big payoffs are.

And, indeed, many will not invest in research paper, a company that cannot reach a significant scale (that is, $ 50 million in essay and contrasting and egypt, annual revenues) within five years. HBR Guide to research example Building Your Business Case Ebook + Tools. As for comparing and contrasting mesopotamia attractiveness, investors are obviously looking for markets that actually allow businesses to make some money. But that’s not the no-brainer it seems. In the discuss what late 1970s, the computer disk-drive business looked very attractive. The technology was new and exciting. Dozens of companies jumped into the fray, aided by an army of professional investors. Twenty years later, however, the thrill is gone for managers and investors alike. Disk drive companies must design products to meet the perceived needs of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and end users. Selling a product to OEMs is essay and contrasting mesopotamia, complicated. The customers are large relative to career development most of their suppliers.

There are lots of essay comparing and egypt, competitors, each with similar high-quality offerings. Moreover, product life cycles are short and ongoing technology investments high. The industry is subject to major shifts in technology and customer needs. Intense rivalry leads to is good lower prices and, hence, lower margins. In short, the disk drive industry is simply not set up to make people a lot of money; it’s a structural disaster area. The information services industry, by contrast, is paradise. Companies such as Bloomberg Financial Markets and First Call Corporation, which provide data to the financial world, have virtually every competitive advantage on their side. First, they can assemble or create proprietary content—content that, by essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt, the way, is like life’s blood to thousands of money managers and stock analysts around the world.

And although it is often expensive to rationale research paper develop the service and to acquire initial customers, once up and running, these companies can deliver content to customers very cheaply. Also, customers pay in essay comparing and contrasting, advance of receiving the service, which makes cash flow very handsome, indeed. In short, the structure of the college application information services industry is beyond attractive: it’s gorgeous. Comparing And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt? The profit margins of Bloomberg and First Call put the disk drive business to shame. The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It? Nine Questions About the Business Every Business Plan Should Answer. Who is the new venture’s customer? How does the vellacott essay customer make decisions about buying this product or service? To what degree is the product or service a compelling purchase for the customer? How will the product or service be priced? How will the venture reach all the essay mesopotamia and egypt identified customer segments?

How much does it cost (in time and resources) to acquire a customer? How much does it cost to produce and deliver the essay outline product or service? How much does it cost to support a customer? How easy is it to retain a customer? Thus, the first step for entrepreneurs is to make sure they are entering an industry that is large and/or growing, and one that’s structurally attractive.

The second step is to make sure their business plan rigorously describes how this is the case. And if it isn’t the case, their business plan needs to specify how the venture will still manage to make enough of essay comparing and contrasting and egypt, a profit that investors (or potential employees or suppliers, for that matter) will want to what acting participate. Once it examines the new venture’s industry, a business plan must describe in detail how the essay comparing and contrasting and egypt company will build and launch its product or service into essay career development the marketplace. Again, a series of questions should guide the discussion. (See the insert “The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It?”) Often the answers to essay these questions reveal a fatal flaw in the business. Essay Career Development? I’ve seen entrepreneurs with a “great” product discover, for example, that it’s simply too costly to find customers who can and will buy what they are selling. Economically viable access to customers is the key to business, yet many entrepreneurs take the essay mesopotamia Field of Dreams approach to this notion: build it, and they will come. That strategy works in the movies but is not very sensible in the real world.

It is not always easy to answer questions about the likely consumer response to new products or services. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. (Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell?) One entrepreneur I know proposed to world essay introduce an electronic news-clipping service. He made his pitch to essay and contrasting a prospective venture-capital investor who rejected the plan, stating, “I just don’t think the vellacott essay dogs will eat the comparing dog food.” Later, when the entrepreneur’s company went public, he sent the venture capitalist an anonymous package containing an empty can of dog food and a copy of world essay outline, his prospectus. If it were easy to and contrasting mesopotamia predict what people will buy, there wouldn’t be any opportunities. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell? Similarly, it is tough to guess how much people will pay for something, but a business plan must address that topic. Sometimes, the dogs will eat the dog food, but only at paper example, a price less than cost. Investors always look for opportunities for value pricing—that is, markets in which the costs to produce the product are low, but consumers will still pay a lot for essay comparing mesopotamia it. No one is dying to hunger outline invest in a company when margins are skinny.

Still, there is money to be made in inexpensive products and services—even in and contrasting mesopotamia, commodities. A business plan must demonstrate that careful consideration has been given to essay career the new venture’s pricing scheme. The list of questions about the new venture’s opportunity focuses on the direct revenues and the costs of producing and marketing a product. That’s fine, as far as it goes. And Contrasting And Egypt? A sensible proposal, however, also involves assessing the business model from world essay a perspective that takes into account the investment required—that is, the balance sheet side of the equation. The following questions should also be addressed so that investors can understand the and contrasting and egypt cash flow implications of pursuing an opportunity: When does the business have to outline buy resources, such as supplies, raw materials, and people? When does the business have to pay for them? How long does it take to acquire a customer? How long before the customer sends the business a check?

How much capital equipment is required to support a dollar of comparing and egypt, sales? Investors, of development, course, are looking for businesses in which management can buy low, sell high, collect early, and pay late. Comparing And Contrasting And Egypt? The business plan needs to vellacott essay spell out how close to that ideal the new venture is expected to comparing come. Even if the answer is vellacott essay, “not very”—and it usually is—at least the truth is and contrasting mesopotamia, out there to discuss. The opportunity section of a business plan must also bring a few other issues to the surface. First, it must demonstrate and analyze how an opportunity can grow—in other words, how the new venture can expand its range of products or services, customer base, or geographic scope. Often, companies are able to create virtual pipelines that support the economically viable creation of new revenue streams.

In the publishing business, for example, Inc. How Long? magazine has expanded its product line to include seminars, books, and essay mesopotamia and egypt videos about entrepreneurship. Similarly, building on research paper example, the success of its personal-finance software program Quicken, Intuit now sells software for electronic banking, small-business accounting, and tax preparation, as well as personal-printing supplies and essay comparing and egypt on-line information services—to name just a few of vellacott essay, its highly profitable ancillary spin-offs. Now, lots of business plans runneth over on essay and egypt, the subject of the new venture’s potential for growth and expansion. But they should likewise runneth over in explaining how they won’t fall into some common opportunity traps. One of those has already been mentioned: industries that are at their core structurally unattractive. But there are others. The world of invention, for vellacott essay example, is fraught with danger. Over the past 15 years, I have seen scores of individuals who have devised a better mousetrap—newfangled creations from inflatable pillows for and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt use on how long, airplanes to comparing and egypt automated car-parking systems.

Few of college how long, these idea-driven companies have really taken off, however. I’m not entirely sure why. Sometimes, the comparing and egypt inventor refuses to spend the money required by vellacott essay, or share the rewards sufficiently with the business side of the comparing and contrasting company. Other times, inventors become so preoccupied with their inventions they forget the customer. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of vellacott essay, malfunctioning. Another opportunity trap that business plans—and entrepreneurs in essay mesopotamia and egypt, general—need to pay attention to is the tricky business of arbitrage. Basically, arbitrage ventures are created to take advantage of some pricing disparity in the marketplace. MCI Communications Corporation, for instance, was formed to offer long-distance service at a lower price than ATT.

Some of the industry consolidations going on today reflect a different kind of arbitrage—the ability to buy small businesses at a wholesale price, roll them up together into a larger package, and take them public at a retail price, all without necessarily adding value in the process. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of malfunctioning. Taking advantage of arbitrage opportunities is a viable and potentially profitable way to enter a business. In the final analysis, however, all arbitrage opportunities evaporate. It is not a question of whether, only when.

The trick in these businesses is to use the arbitrage profits to build a more enduring business model, and business plans must explain how and when that will occur. As for competition, it probably goes without saying that all business plans should carefully and rationale research example thoroughly cover this territory, yet some don’t. That is a glaring omission. For starters, every business plan should answer the following questions about the competition: Who are the new venture’s current competitors? What resources do they control? What are their strengths and weaknesses? How will they respond to the new venture’s decision to enter the business?

How can the new venture respond to its competitors’ response? Who else might be able to and egypt observe and exploit the same opportunity? Are there ways to co-opt potential or actual competitors by forming alliances? Business is like chess: to be successful, you must anticipate several moves in advance. A business plan that describes an renaissance insuperable lead or a proprietary market position is by definition written by naïve people. Essay And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt? That goes not just for paper example the competition section of the business plan but for the entire discussion of the opportunity. Comparing And Egypt? All opportunities have promise; all have vulnerabilities. A good business plan doesn’t whitewash the world latter. Comparing And Contrasting Mesopotamia? Rather, it proves that the research renaissance entrepreneurial team knows the mesopotamia and egypt good, the bad, and the ugly that the venture faces ahead. Opportunities exist in a context. Rationale Paper Example? At one level is the macroeconomic environment, including the level of economic activity, inflation, exchange rates, and interest rates.

At another level are the essay comparing and contrasting wide range of government rules and research example regulations that affect the essay comparing opportunity and how resources are marshaled to exploit it. Vellacott Essay? Examples extend from tax policy to the rules about raising capital for a private or public company. And Contrasting? And at yet another level are factors like technology that define the limits of what a business or its competitors can accomplish. Context often has a tremendous impact on every aspect of the entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to harvest. In some cases, changes in some contextual factor create opportunity. More than 100 new companies were formed when the airline industry was deregulated in the late 1970s.

The context for financing was also favorable, enabling new entrants like People Express to go to the public market for vellacott essay capital even before starting operations. Conversely, there are times when the context makes it hard to start new enterprises. Essay Comparing? The recession of the application how long early 1990s combined with a difficult financing environment for new companies: venture capital disbursements were low, as was the amount of capital raised in the public markets. (Paradoxically, those relatively tight conditions, which made it harder for essay comparing mesopotamia new entrants to get going, were associated with very high investment returns later in the 1990s, as capital markets heated up.) Sometimes, a shift in context turns an unattractive business into an attractive one, and vice versa. Papers And Harlem Renaissance? Consider the case of a packaging company some years ago that was performing so poorly it was about to be put on comparing, the block. Then came the Tylenol-tampering incident, resulting in multiple deaths. The packaging company happened to have an efficient mechanism for installing tamper-proof seals, and in a matter of weeks its financial performance could have been called spectacular.

Conversely, U.S. tax reforms enacted in 1986 created havoc for companies in college, the real estate business, eliminating almost every positive incentive to invest. Essay Comparing And Egypt? Many previously successful operations went out of business soon after the new rules were put in college essay, place. Every business plan should contain certain pieces of evidence related to context. First, the entrepreneurs should show a heightened awareness of the new venture’s context and comparing how it helps or hinders their specific proposal. Second, and more important, they should demonstrate that they know the essay career venture’s context will inevitably change and essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt describe how those changes might affect the business. Further, the business plan should spell out what management can (and will) do in the event the world essay outline context grows unfavorable. Finally, the business plan should explain the ways (if any) in which management can affect context in a positive way. For example, management might be able to have an essay and egypt impact on regulations or on industry standards through lobbying efforts. The concept that context is fluid leads directly to the fourth leg of the framework I propose: a discussion of risk and how to manage it. I’ve come to think of a good business plan as a snapshot of an event in rationale, the future.

That’s quite a feat to begin with—taking a picture of the unknown. But the comparing and contrasting best business plans go beyond that; they are like movies of the future. They show the outline people, the opportunity, and the context from multiple angles. They offer a plausible, coherent story of what lies ahead. They unfold possibilities of action and reaction. Good business plans, in other words, discuss people, opportunity, and context as a moving target. All three factors (and the relationship among them) are likely to change over time as a company evolves from start-up to ongoing enterprise.

Therefore, any business plan worth the time it takes to write or read needs to focus attention on the dynamic aspects of the entrepreneurial process. When it comes to the matter of risk and reward in a new venture, a business plan benefits enormously from the inclusion of two graphs. Perhaps graphs is the comparing and contrasting wrong word; these are really just schematic pictures that illustrate the and harlem most likely relationship between risk and reward, that is, the relationship between the opportunity and its economics. High finance they are not, but I have found both of these pictures say more to investors than a hundred pages of charts and prose. The first picture depicts the amount of money needed to launch the and contrasting new venture, time to positive cash flow, and the expected magnitude of the payoff. This image helps the investor understand the what depth and duration of negative cash flow, as well as the relationship between the investment and the possible return. Mesopotamia? The ideal, needless to say, is to is good acting have cash flow early and often. But most investors are intrigued by essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, the picture even when the cash outflow is high and long—as long as the cash inflow is what, more so. Of course, since the world of new ventures is populated by comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, wild-eyed optimists, you might expect the picture to display a shallower hole and a steeper reward slope than it should. It usually does. But to be honest, even that kind of picture belongs in the business plan because it is how long, a fair warning to investors that the new venture’s team is essay comparing and contrasting and egypt, completely out of rationale research paper example, touch with reality and should be avoided at all costs.

The second picture complements the and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt first. Example? It shows investors the range of possible returns and the likelihood of achieving them. The following example shows investors that there is a 15 % chance they would have been better off using their money as wall-paper. The flat section reveals that there is a negligible chance of losing only a small amount of money; companies either fail big or create enough value to achieve a positive return. The hump in the middle suggests that there is a significant chance of earning between 15 % and essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt 45 % in the same time period. And finally, there is a small chance that the initial outlay of rationale research paper, cash will spawn a 200 % internal rate of return, which might have occurred if you had happened to invest in Microsoft when it was a private company. Basically, this picture helps investors determine what class of investment the business plan is presenting. Is the comparing new venture drilling for North Sea oil—highly risky with potentially big payoffs—or is is good acting, it digging development wells in Texas, which happens to be less of a geological gamble and probably less lucrative, too? This image answers that kind of essay comparing and contrasting and egypt, question. It’s then up to the investors to and harlem decide how much risk they want to live with against what kind of odds.

Again, the people who write business plans might be inclined to skew the picture to mesopotamia and egypt make it look as if the probability of a significant return is downright huge and the possibility of loss is negligible. And, again, I would say therein lies the picture’s beauty. What it claims, checked against the investor’s sense of reality and research paper experience, should serve as a simple pictorial caveat emptor. Of course, the future is hard to predict. Still, it is essay comparing and contrasting and egypt, possible to give potential investors a sense of the kind and class of risk and rationale example reward they are assuming with a new venture.

All it takes is a pencil and two simple drawings. (See the insert “Visualizing Risk and Reward.”) But even with these drawings, risk is, well, risky. In reality, there are no immutable distributions of outcomes. It is ultimately the responsibility of management to change the distribution, to essay and contrasting mesopotamia increase the likelihood and discuss is good acting consequences of success, and to decrease the likelihood and implications of problems. One of the essay great myths about entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers. College Application Essay How Long? All sane people want to avoid risk. As Harvard Business School professor (and venture capitalist) Howard Stevenson says, true entrepreneurs want to essay comparing and contrasting and egypt capture all the reward and give all the risk to others. Essay? The best business is a post office box to which people send cashier’s checks. Yet risk is unavoidable. So what does that mean for a business plan? It means that the plan must unflinchingly confront the risks ahead—in terms of people, opportunity, and context. What happens if one of the new venture’s leaders leaves?

What happens if a competitor responds with more ferocity than expected? What happens if there is a revolution in Namibia, the source of a key raw material? What will management actually do ? Those are hard questions for an entrepreneur to pose, especially when seeking capital. But a better deal awaits those who do pose them and then provide solid answers. A new venture, for example, might be highly leveraged and essay comparing therefore very sensitive to interest rates. Its business plan would benefit enormously by stating that management intends to hedge its exposure through the financial-futures market by purchasing a contract that does well when interest rates go up. That is the what is good equivalent of offering investors insurance. Essay And Egypt? (It also makes sense for the business itself.)

Finally, one important area in the realm of risk/reward management relates to harvesting. Venture capitalists often ask if a company is “IPOable,” by which they mean, Can the company be taken public at some point in the future? Some businesses are inherently difficult to take public because doing so would reveal information that might harm its competitive position (for example, it would reveal profitability, thereby encouraging entry or angering customers or suppliers). Some ventures are not companies, but rather products—they are not sustainable as independent businesses. One of the greatest myths about entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers. All sane people want to discuss what acting avoid risk. Therefore, the business plan should talk candidly about the end of the process. How will the investor eventually get money out of the business, assuming it is successful, even if only marginally so? When professionals invest, they particularly like companies with a wide range of exit options.

They like companies that work hard to preserve and enhance those options along the way, companies that don’t, for example, unthinkingly form alliances with big corporations that could someday actually buy them. Investors feel a lot better about essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt risk if the venture’s endgame is discussed up front. There is an essay old saying, “If you don’t know where you are going, any road will get you there.” In crafting sensible entrepreneurial strategies, just the opposite is true: you had better know where you might end up and have a map for getting there. A business plan should be the essay comparing and contrasting place where that map is drawn, for, as every traveler knows, a journey is a lot less risky when you have directions. Once a business plan is written, of course, the goal is to land a deal. What? That is a topic for another article in itself, but I will add a few words here. When I talk to young (and old) entrepreneurs looking to finance their ventures, they obsess about the valuation and terms of the deal they will receive. And Egypt? Their explicit goal seems to be to minimize the dilution they will suffer in raising capital. Implicitly, they are also looking for investors who will remain as passive as a tree while they go about building their business. On the college essay food chain of investors, it seems, doctors and dentists are best and venture capitalists are worst because of the degree to which the latter group demands control and comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt a large share of the returns. That notion—like the idea that excruciatingly detailed financial projections are useful—is nonsense.

From whom you raise capital is often more important than the terms. New ventures are inherently risky, as I’ve noted; what can go wrong will. When that happens, unsophisticated investors panic, get angry, and often refuse to advance the company more money. College Essay? Sophisticated investors, by essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, contrast, roll up their sleeves and help the company solve its problems. Often, they’ve had lots of research papers and harlem, experience saving sinking ships. They are typically process literate. They understand how to craft a sensible business strategy and a strong tactical plan. They know how to recruit, compensate, and motivate team members.

They are also familiar with the Byzantine ins and outs of essay and contrasting, going public—an event most entrepreneurs face but once in a lifetime. Vellacott Essay? This kind of know-how is worth the money needed to buy it. There is an old expression directly relevant to entrepreneurial finance: “Too clever by half.” Often, deal makers get very creative, crafting all sorts of payoff and option schemes. That usually backfires. Essay And Contrasting And Egypt? My experience has proven again and again that sensible deals have the following six characteristics: They do not blow apart if actual differs slightly from plan. Vellacott Essay? They do not provide perverse incentives that will cause one or both parties to behave destructively. They are written on essay and contrasting mesopotamia, a pile of papers no greater than one-quarter inch thick.

But even these six simple rules miss an important point. A deal should not be a static thing, a one-shot document that negotiates the disposition of a lump sum. Instead, it is incumbent upon entrepreneurs, before they go searching for funding, to think about capital acquisition as a dynamic process—to figure out vellacott essay how much money they will need and when they will need it. How is that accomplished? The trick is for the entrepreneurial team to treat the new venture as a series of experiments. Before launching the whole show, launch a little piece of it.

Convene a focus group to test the product, build a prototype and watch it perform, conduct a regional or local rollout of a service. Such an exercise reveals the true economics of the business and can help enormously in determining how much money the new venture actually requires and in what stages. Entrepreneurs should raise enough, and investors should invest enough, capital to fund each major experiment. Essay Comparing And Contrasting? Experiments, of course, can feel expensive and risky. But I’ve seen them prevent disasters and help create successes.

I consider it a prerequisite of college application essay how long, putting together a winning deal. Among the comparing and egypt many sins committed by business plan writers is research and harlem renaissance, arrogance. In today’s economy, few ideas are truly proprietary. Moreover, there has never been a time in recorded history when the supply of capital did not outrace the supply of opportunity. The true half-life of essay comparing mesopotamia, opportunity is vellacott essay, decreasing with the essay comparing passage of vellacott essay, time. A business plan must not be an albatross that hangs around the neck of the essay comparing and egypt entrepreneurial team, dragging it into oblivion. Instead, a business plan must be a call for and harlem action, one that recognizes management’s responsibility to essay comparing and contrasting and egypt fix what is broken proactively and in real time. Risk is inevitable, avoiding risk impossible. Risk management is the key, always tilting the venture in favor of papers and harlem, reward and away from risk.

A plan must demonstrate mastery of the entire entrepreneurial process, from comparing and contrasting mesopotamia identification of opportunity to harvest. It is not a way to separate unsuspecting investors from their money by hiding the fatal flaw. Development? For in the final analysis, the only one being fooled is the entrepreneur. We live today in essay and contrasting, the golden age of entrepreneurship. Although Fortune 500 companies have shed 5 million jobs in vellacott essay, the past 20 years, the overall economy has added almost 30 million.

Many of those jobs were created by entrepreneurial ventures, such as Cisco Systems, Genentech, and Microsoft. Each of those companies started with a business plan. Is that why they succeeded? There is and contrasting mesopotamia, no knowing for sure. But there is little doubt that crafting a business plan so that it thoroughly and candidly addresses the ingredients of success—people, opportunity, context, and the risk/reward picture—is vitally important.

In the absence of a crystal ball, in fact, a business plan built of the right information and analysis can only essay how long be called indispensable. William A. Sahlman is the Dimitri V. Essay And Contrasting And Egypt? D’Arbeloff-MBA Class of vellacott essay, 1955 Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.

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Martin’s Press. It’s open to research, professional or non-professional writers who have not yet had a mystery published, and there are specific guidelines for the structure of your story: “Murder or another serious crime or crimes must be at the heart of the story, with emphasis on comparing and contrasting the solution rather than the details of the crime.” 5. St. Is Good Acting? Francis College Literary Prize. This biannual prize honors mid-career writers who have recently published their third, fourth or fifth work of essay comparing and contrasting fiction. The winner receives $50,000 but must be able to appear at career development, St. And Contrasting Mesopotamia? Francis College in Brooklyn, NY to deliver a talk on their work and teach a mini-workshop in fiction to world hunger outline, St.

Francis students. Deadline: Biannually; the deadline for work published between June 2015 and essay comparing and egypt, May 2017 is May 15, 2017. This $10,000 award recognizes “young authors,” which the rules define as any author aged 35 or younger. Submit any novel or short story published or scheduled to college application how long, be published in comparing mesopotamia the calendar year. Works must be written for adults; children’s or YA pieces are ineligible. Deadline: Annually in the fall (most recently in August or September). Discuss Is Good? 2017 deadline not yet announced. Comparing And Contrasting Mesopotamia? This boutique publishing firm offers a full-fledged publishing deal to renaissance, its contest winner. Submit a novel of 20,000 words or more in any fiction genre (no fanfic, short stories or poetry) and if it’s selected, Inkitt will provide you with professional editing, a cover design, and 25 percent royalties.

They also have a strategy to get you into essay comparing and contrasting, the Amazon Top 100. (Not too shabby.) Inkitt runs contests regularly, so be sure to discuss, check back often ! Deadline: See individual contest pages. 8. Real Simple’s Life Lessons Essay Contest. Have you ever had a “eureka” moment? If you have, and you can write a compelling personal essay about it in no more than 1,500 words, you may be able to and contrasting and egypt, win $3,000 in paper Real Simple’s annual essay contest. Essay? Deadline: Annually; 2017 deadline has not yet been announced. Vellacott Essay? Presented by Lee Low Books, an award-winning children’s book publisher, this award is given for and contrasting a previously unpublished children’s picture book manuscript (of no more than 1,500 words) written by a writer of color. The winner receives $1,000 cash and a standard publication contract. You may submit up to two manuscripts. Deadline: Submissions must be postmarked by September 30 each year. 10.

Ernest J. Gaines Award for Literary Excellence. This contest aims to provide visibility for emerging African American fiction writers and to what, enable them to focus on and contrasting mesopotamia their writing by vellacott essay awarding a $10,000 cash prize. Eligible authors should submit a work of fiction, such as a novel or short story collection, published in essay and contrasting the calendar year. Essay Career? Deadline: Annually; 2017 deadline has not yet been announced. Honoring the best work of fiction published by an American author in a single calendar year, this award has been given to the likes of John Updike, Philip Roth and Ann Patchett. The winner receives $15,000 and an invitation to read at the award ceremony in Washington, DC. Four finalists also each receive a $5,000 award. Deadline: Annually on October 31 for books published that calendar year. Presented by the Brooklyn Film Arts Festival, this annual prize awards $500 cash for “the best Brooklyn-focused non-fiction essay which is essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, set in Brooklyn and is about vellacott essay, Brooklyn and/or Brooklyn people/characters.” (So it’s Brooklyn-centric, if you haven’t picked up on comparing mesopotamia and egypt that yet.) Submissions should be four to 10 pages (up to 2,500 words), and five authors will be chosen to read and discuss their submissions at the annual December event. Deadline: Annually in mid-November.

Fiction and discuss is good acting, nonfiction writers who have recently published a book that “contributes to our understanding of racism and our appreciation of the rich diversity of human cultures” are eligible for comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt this award, which offers $10,000 cash as well media and publicity opportunities. Example? Submissions must be published in the prior year (so books published in essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt 2016 are eligible for the 2017 award). Deadline: Annual submission window is September 1 through December 31. 14. Marfield Prize (a.k.a. National Award for Arts Writing) Presented by the Arts Club of Washington, this award seeks to honor nonfiction books that deal with #8220;any artistic discipline (visual, literary, performing, or media arts, as well as cross-disciplinary works).” This may include criticism, art history, memoirs and biographies, and vellacott essay, essays. Deadline: Annually in comparing mesopotamia the last quarter of the year; the 2017 deadline has not yet been announced. 15.

W.Y. Boyd Literary Award for Excellence in rationale paper example Military Fiction. If you’re a war buff, this competition is for you. It awards $5,000 to the best piece of essay comparing and contrasting and egypt fiction set during a period when the U.S. was at paper example, war (war may either be the main plot of the piece or simply provide the setting). Submissions may be adult or YA novels. Deadline: Annually on December 1. 16. Friends of American Writers Chicago Awards. FAW presents two annual awards: an Adult Literature Award for essay and contrasting and egypt literary fiction or nonfiction, and a Juvenile Literature Award for a children’s/YA book. Rationale Paper? Authors must reside in the state of and contrasting Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota or Wisconsin #8212; or they must set their book in one of those locations.

Prize amounts vary from year to rationale research paper example, year but are typically between $500 and $2,000. Deadline: Annually at the end of the year; 2017 deadline has not yet been announced. 17. Hektoen Grand Prix Essay Contest. Hektoen International, an online journal dedicated to and contrasting, medical humanities, offers two prizes annually for essays of rationale no more than 1,600 words in two categories. The Grand Prize of essay comparing and contrasting $1,200 is given for an essay suited for their Famous Hospitals section, while a Silver Prize of college essay how long $1,000 is essay comparing and contrasting, given to essay career development, the best essay suited for the sections of Art Flashes, Literary Vignettes, Moments in History or Physicians of Note. Deadline: Annually; 2017 has passed and 2018 deadline is not yet announced. 18. Nelson Algren Short Story Award. Presented by the Chicago Tribune, this award presents $3,500 to one grand prize winner, $1,000 to four finalists and $500 to five runners-up for comparing a short fiction story of world hunger essay less than 8,000 words. Essay And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt? You may submit up to two short stories, but note that your name must not appear anywhere on your submission as the process is vellacott essay, anonymous.

Deadline: Annually; 2017 has passed and 2018 deadline is mesopotamia and egypt, not yet announced. Research Papers And Harlem Renaissance? 19. Minotaur Books / Mystery Writers of comparing and contrasting and egypt America First Crime Novel Competition. Writers 18 and hunger essay, older who have never had a novel published (in any genre) are eligible for this prize, awarded for an original book-length manuscript where “murder or another serious crime or crimes is at the heart of the story.” The winner receives a publication contract with Minotaur Books and an advance of $10,000 against future royalties. Deadline: Annually in the last quarter of the year. The deadline for 2017 awards has passed; the deadline for essay comparing 2018 awards has not yet been announced. Want to research papers and harlem renaissance, change the world? Then listen up. FutureScapes is looking for concrete, substantive pieces that “can provide a roadmap for cities, states, and nations to follow.” If you just want to write the next Hunger Games , this isn’t the essay mesopotamia and egypt, contest for you, but if you’re inspired by research paper politics and civic issues, you’ve found the right place. (Case in point: the inaugural theme, “ Empowerment Cities ,” features a quote from comparing mesopotamia and egypt, Alexis de Tocqueville.) First place wins $2,000; second place $1,000; and four runners-up will get $500 each. Oh, and did we mention publication in hunger an anthology that will be “distributed to mayors, governors and members of the U.S. Congress”?

Deadline: Annually; deadline for 2017 is TBD. This biennial prize of $10,000 honors an comparing mesopotamia and egypt American author whose work has had an impact on a critical social justice issue (as did Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin ). In addition to submitting a copy of how long your book or written work, you must also complete a 250-word statement that describes the tangible impact your piece has made in the world and outlining any social justice work you perform outside of essay mesopotamia and egypt your writing. Deadline: Biennially in odd-numbered years. The deadline for 2017 awards has passed, and the deadline for 2019 have not yet been announced. 22. The Diana Woods Memorial Award in Creative Non-Fiction. Creative nonfiction essays of no more than 5,000 words on any subject, are eligible for consideration for this award, whose winner receives $250 and publication in essay development Lunch Ticket , the literary and art journal produced by essay mesopotamia the MFA community of Antioch University Los Angeles. Works must not have been published elsewhere. Award winners are required to submit a 100-word biography, recent photo and college application, a short note thanking the Woods family for their generosity and support.

Deadlines: Biannual reading periods are the month of February for the Summer/Fall issue and the month of August for the Winter/Spring issue. This contest seeks to essay comparing and contrasting and egypt, foster collaborations between artists and writers. Select a piece of artwork from the development, gallery provided and submit a short story inspired by it and you could win $350 #8212; plus a spot in a future art book showcasing these collaborations. Mesopotamia And Egypt? Short stories should be between 2,000 5,000 words. Deadline: Annually; 2017 has passed and 2018 deadline is world hunger outline, not yet announced. For young writers ages 13-18, this cool contest also serves as a mini writer’s camp. Recognizing that “a first draft is never perfect,” submissions actually receive peer review by authors, writing teachers and other experts and essay mesopotamia, writers are given the chance to revise their pieces based on this feedback before submitting them for vellacott essay final prize consideration. There’s a $100 prize for essay and contrasting mesopotamia the winner and $50 for the runner-up (plus $50 for rationale research paper the best peer-reviewer). All three are featured on essay comparing and contrasting Write the World’s blog alongside comments from career, a guest judge. And since each month’s prompt is from a different genre, developing writers get a chance to essay mesopotamia, test out different styles. Stuck with writer’s block and looking for a way to jumpstart your escape?

Prose offers weekly challenges meant to spark your creativity; many are just for research and harlem renaissance fun, but look for the weekly numbered challenges posted by Prose (rather than community members or sponsors) for essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt a chance to essay career development, win money. Prizes are typically between $100 $200 and word counts are low #8212; some as low as under 150, some as high as 500, but all say “quality beats quantity.” So even if all you get from the prompt is and contrasting and egypt, a chance to flex your brain, it’s not a bad deal. Curious about opportunities for poets? Your stanzas #8212; rhyming or not #8212; could be worth a fair amount of money in these competitions. 26. Naomi Long Madgett Poetry Award. Open to African American poets, previously published or not, this award provides a $500 prize and publication by Boardside Lotus Press for the best book-length collection of poems (approximately 60 to 90 pages). Deadline: Annually on March 1. If you’re already a published poet, this is the paper example, award for comparing and contrasting and egypt you; it’s given for a second book of discuss poetry due to come out in the forthcoming year. The winner receives $5,000 and an all-expenses-paid week-long residency. In addition, copies of her book are distributed to the 1,000 members of the Academy of American Poets.

Deadline: Annual submission window is January 1 through May 15. 28. African Poetry Book Fund Prizes. Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt? The APBF awards three prizes annually for papers African Poetry. The Glenna Luschei Prize for Afican Poetry gives $5,000 for a book of original African poetry published in the prior year.

The Sillerman First Book Prize for essay comparing and egypt African Poets gives $1,000 and and harlem renaissance, a publication contract for essay and contrasting an unpublished book-length collection of poetry by an African author. The Brunel University African Poetry Prize is a new prize that grants ?3,000 to vellacott essay, a poet who was born in Africa, is a national of an African country or has African parents, who has not yet had a full-length book of poetry published. (U.S. citizens qualify.) To submit, you’ll need 10 poems. Deadlines: See individual prize pages. Claremont Graduate University presents two awards each year to poets they deem to be “outstanding.” The Kate Tufts Poetry Award grants $10,000 for a published first book of essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia poetry that shows promise. The Kingsley Tufts Poetry Award grants a mammoth $100,000 for development a published book of and contrasting and egypt poetry by an an established or mid-career poet. Deadline: Books published between July of the previous year and June 30 of the current year are eligible for the following year’s prize (i.e. award for vellacott essay 2017 was for works publishing between between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2016). Deadline for 2018 awards has not yet been announced. Writing contests with multiple categories. Some contests accept submissions in multiple categories, so you could submit a novella as well as a poem or other work. 30.

Binghamton University Book Awards. Sponsored by comparing and egypt the Binghamton Center for Writers #8212; State University of New York, this competition offers a $1,000 prize for work published in the previous year in two separate categories. Papers Renaissance? The John Gardner Fiction Book Award goes to the best novel or collection of fiction, while the essay mesopotamia and egypt, Milt Kessler Poetry Book award goes to the best book of poems. Deadline: Annually on March 1 for books published the previous year. 31. Writer’s Digest Annual Writing Competition. (Editor’s note: We were so excited to what, include this competition that we overlooked its entry fees. We’ll leave it in the post for those interested in essay and egypt submitting their work, but please note that this contest is not free.) One of the world essay, longest-running writing competitions #8212; it’s now in its 83rd year #8212; this contest spotlights up and coming writers in a number of essay comparing and contrasting categories, including Memoirs/Personal Essay, Magazine Feature Article and Genre Short story.

The Grand Prize winner gets $5,000, a feature in Writer’s Digest magazine, a paid trip to a writing conference and world hunger, more. Runners-up earn prizes in first through tenth places. Deadline: Annually; May 5, 2017. Where to mesopotamia and egypt, find more legitimate, free writing contests. Looking for more opportunities to submit your work to writing contests? Here are a few great sites to keep an eye on. A number of the what, contests found on our list came highly recommended by this site, which compiles some of the best free literary contests out comparing mesopotamia and egypt, there. Vellacott Essay? You can sort contests by comparing and contrasting mesopotamia recommendation level (Highly Recommended, Recommended or Neutral), view plenty of info on requirements and even see which contests are better for discuss beginners, intermediate writers and and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, pros. They also offer a handful of contests themselves , including the Wergle Flomp Humor Poetry Contest (which sounds delightful). Another fantastic source for legitimate writing contests I consulted when compiling this list, Poets Writers vets competitions, contests, awards and grants to rationale research paper example, make sure they’re following legitimate practises and policies.

It’s worth checking out regularly as it features both annual and one-time contests. Writer, poet and editor Cathy Bryant sources legitimate, free-to-enter writing contests and calls for submission. She releases a new list of contests and calls each month, so check back monthly for new opportunities. Are you planning to enter any writing contests this year? Which ones? This post contains affiliate links.

That means if you purchase through our links, you’re supporting The Write Life — and we thank you for that! This post originally ran in February 2016. We updated it in March 2017. Kelly Gurnett runs the blog Cordelia Calls It Quits and is growing her own freelance writing, editing and blogging empire day by day. You can follow her on Twitter and Facebook and hire her services here. Move from irregular client work and crappy pay to being a freelance leader in your field.

Paul Jarvis, who#8217;s been freelancing for comparing and egypt 16+ years, shares his advice on pricing, positioning and more. What a brilliant list! Thank you. Thank you too for the mention of Comps and Calls I love finding free writing competitions, and some of them have very impressive prizes. I#8217;m one of those old-fashioned writers who think that we should be paid for our work and free comps are a great way of achieving that.

I#8217;m with you on that #8220;old-fashioned#8221; notion. #128578; Can I take part being Pakistan? Ha! Of course! I get emails from people all over the world who have had success via Comps and Calls. Good luck! While free writing contests are definitely great, it would be a little odd to overlook ones with fees. A lot of times you will be paying a fee somewhere along the way, it#8217;s just nice when it#8217;s upfront and not in the form of stealing your work. Check this one out, insider tip: Good advice, Tiffany. For example, the Erma Bombeck Writing Competition (https://www.wclibrary.info/erma/) opens for entries on December 4, 2017, and there is a $15 fee which goes to fund four prizes ($500 to research papers and harlem renaissance, each winner plus a free registration, valued at $400+, to the Erma Bombeck Writers Workshop at the University of Dayton, April 2018). Entry length must be 500 words or less for either a Humorous or Human Interest entry. I have problems in finding short story competitions as I live in England.

If you do post any short story competitions or any in the literary format, that would excite my senses. Essay Comparing And Egypt? You may want to check out these sites- but be aware, some require subscriptions, give precedence to subscribers or charge small entry fees; but not all do, and there are some free entrance comps in Canada that are worthwhile. (These are monthly.) There are many more, I#8217;ve only begun to root those out.- I#8217;ll post more as I discover them. my problem is that I am disabled and I am looking for grant help. Research Papers And Harlem Renaissance? Looking for a contest that my 10 old son can enter or a publishing company that can help with self-publishing. And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt? Any recommendation or advice please?

Please contact the publisher to discuss self-publishing for your son. Our university just launched a new competition (no entry fee, no gimmicks) called FutureScapes. We#8217;re an innovation office, and we#8217;re looking for help from writers to help us envision cities of the future. Hugo-Award winning author Mary Robinette Kowal will be our judge this inaugural year. $2,000 for first place. I#8217;ve added it to July#8217;s list for Comps and calls. Many thanks for research papers and harlem getting in touch! Pity I cannot contest, being Sri Lankan. sigh Stop discriminating writers. Essay And Egypt? I#8217;m a South African and I#8217;d like to enter this competition. I#8217;m already have the script. Career? hello sir, would it be possible for and contrasting and egypt me to join even if I#8217;m from the Philippines? Old fashioned notions were/are just once legitimate notions of claims for money or what else, when in a time there were hardly or very little amount of writing gigs to get; let alone having someone getting paid for hunger essay outline it.

Now it is like there are too many people as working in the business here of transposing things across for a living. That really the only thing these vetted competitions do now is, just bunch up a bunch of people who cannot write, among judges judging as judges cannot much write either, and they sit around give a small vagabond gift amount of money in discovery for those who suck less at it. As really a sign should go up before hand about how real writers we really need not to apply here anymore. As none of the spirit of essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia writing is left of writing. Everyone writes politically correct as only to affirm the lack for want of any real creativity getting dispersed. Amen to that! I#8217;ve read winners#8217; stories of a certain contest that is held by a magazine every year which I will not name and when I see the judges#8217; names, I think #8220;Well, they don#8217;t know anything about writing!#8221; No wonder this was chosen. Speak for yourself, honey. I#8217;ve got a very politically INCORRECT story I#8217;m working on right now.

Who knows if anyone will publish it, though. It#8217;s satirical and quite offensive. While I like how your not afraid to speak your mind, and research papers and harlem, I really have no say in what you put in your books, could you please try not to offend too many people? This is just a suggestion, so feel free to do whatever you like. My mind is full of stories to essay and contrasting and egypt, tell..

I am an vellacott essay idea person. Is there a place in this writers world for one like myself? Perhaps a writer lacking an idea? My mind screams..my voice mute. Essay And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt? #128577; Maybe you just need a writing partner. You have my attention. I love to write, but I am almost always of of ideas#8230; Maybe you can let me know. Were do I find the legitmate ways to to get paid for entering contests? many are. scams so far that I researched, and development, entered. please let me know thanks. I would like to find work online and get paid weekly by check through the mail. Essay Comparing Mesopotamia? do you know of such? Nice Post and thanks for the sharing free Legitimate contest list. can i participate from sri lanka??

Every competition has its own rules, so you#8217;d have to vellacott essay, check the rules of the essay and egypt, one you want to enter. Many are open worldwide, though, so good luck! I see you havent included the South African Writers college competition held annually..its free to enter and the 1st prize is research paper example, R10,000.. Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt? The theme this year is hunger essay, #8220;A person#8217;s world is only as big as his heart#8221; Deadline April 30th. Only open to South African writers who have not been published. Contests with a deadline past 1st April haven#8217;t gone up yet I put them up monthly at Comps and Calls. Is there an URL with guidelines? Yes, the URL for the College is :www.sawriterscollege.co.za. Its only for essay comparing and contrasting unpublished SA writers but the prizes are pretty darned good: R10,000. Research Papers And Harlem? R5,000 and R2000#8230; and its free to enter. Cheers Ginny.

Thanks! I#8217;ve added it to the list. It#8217;ll go up on 1st April and will be in the #8216;Competitions#8217; section. Thanks for that and best wishes. Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt? Here’s another competition for your list, this one for women only, memoir and contemporary/historical fiction: http://www.storycircle.org/SartonLiteraryAward/ Susan Wittig Albert. Sarton Award Coordinator. Thanks for sharing, Susan! TWL Assistant Editor. This one has a $60 entry fee.

Got anything for children? I#8217;m only twelve, and what is good, yet I am currently working on my own fantasy/science fiction that can be entered into comparing, several of and harlem these contests. I#8217;m only twelve, and yet I am currently working on my own fantasy/science fiction book (full lengh) that can be entered into several of these contests. The entry fee for the SCN competition is $90 and the prize money is $150.00 does this look enticing to essay comparing, anyone, considering the effort involved for the author? Thanks for this excellent list, Kelly! I#8217;ll be adding a direct link to it to my recent post over at The Kill Zone called #8220;Indie Book Contests 2015#8221; http://killzoneblog.com/2015/02/indie-book-contests-2015.html. and I#8217;ll also add a link on my ongoing, continually updated list of Writers#8217; Conferences Book Festivals in North America: Thanks for sharing this post, Jodie! TWL Assistant Editor. Career Development? I like the competitions but I#8217;m in South Africa? Can#8217;t I enter? I think taking people only in one country isn#8217;t fair because there is essay mesopotamia, a great deal of talent out there that just needs to be found.

Yes. Also in SA, and I find it sooooo hard finding a compitition I can do. Sounds like there is a need for writing competitions in hunger essay SA. Why not start some?! Apologies for the n00b question but out of interest when they say #8216;unpublished#8217; do they mean unpublished which would include self published ebooks? And if you were to submit something previously published on essay comparing and egypt Kindle or Smashwords or the like could you take it down for a period and still be considered? I#8217;d check the specific guidelines for each contest. Some specify whether situations like self-publication are acceptable or not. If the guidelines don#8217;t go into any detail on that, you could always try contacting the organization sponsoring the contest. I#8217;m not sure about world outline, pulling down something that HAS previously been published, however. That feels like a risky gamble that might get you in trouble.

Thanks for posting this list. Essay Mesopotamia And Egypt? When it comes to short stories, I never think about career development, competitions and essay mesopotamia, always look for publications instead. This is a great reminder of another valid option. Thanks, Kelly, for this interesting article and list. One does have to essay, watch out for scams and ineffective ways of essay comparing and contrasting and egypt publishing your work. And entering legitimate writing contests sounds a lot more challenging and rewarding. When I was a college student, I had written some poems and essays, and was encouraged by vellacott essay friends to and contrasting, get them published.

Being the babe in the woods I was at the time, I got about 30 to 40 copies published through a local #8220;vanity press,#8221; which cost me about $80 at the time. Learned my lesson to avoid being so vain. Hello Kelly! Thank you for providing us with this awesome list! #128512; Good compilation, will be of research example great help to me. Thanks for sharing. Correction: the Writer#8217;s Digest contests are NOT free to enter. Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt? There are different fees listed on hunger essay outline the site, as follows: #8220;Early-Bird Entry fees are $25 for the first manuscript; $20 for each additional entry submitted during the same transaction. Poems are $15 for the first entry; $10 for essay and contrasting and egypt each additional poem submitted submitted during the same transaction.

Entries submitted after the May 4, 2015 Early-Bird deadline are $30 for the first manuscript; $25 for each additional entry submitted during the vellacott essay, same transaction. And Contrasting? Poems are $20 for hunger outline the first entry; $15 for each additional poem submitted submitted during the same transaction.#8221; Thanks, Laura! Another reader brought this to comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, our attention as well, and I#8217;ve added a note to the post. TWL Assistant Editor. You are absolutely wright and why they are not recommended on application essay how long Predators Editors. Your use of #8220;wright#8221; makes me wonder about any writing skills you may possess#8230; Everyone makes the odd mistake. Don#8217;t judge someone by a single typo. It is eye and I prefer to poses and to use my pen as the double edged sword it is don#8217;t worry lady i#8217;m sure this went over his head also. This was a lot of essay comparing mesopotamia work, but such a great resource for writers.

Thanks for sharing this! I#8217;m just so stunned that the horrid poetry-competition people had so little concern for such a young aspirant poet, what a sick twisted lot they are, and rationale example, you#8217;re right, this kind of dream-baiting continues. Sharks and charlatans all, but the good thing is that you didn#8217;t give up on your dream of writing, so you go girl -go for gold and comparing and contrasting, more power to you! Sadly, there are all sorts of ways writers and wannabe writers can fall into the wrong hands, from scam competitions to essay development, content mills that pay pennies per essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt, word. It#8217;s all about what is good acting, knowing where to look for the legitimate resources. (This site is a great place to start.) #128578; I wrote a piece to this site called the Eber Wein publishing. how well do you know about them? is this site scam? I never. sent in any money I was told I could win cash, and prizes, and. my name can be in essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt this analogy. then you have to buy that. Development? Thanks for the list.

Please can you give more lists for essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt contests for African writers? Great list of resources for free contests. I quite often scour Poets Writers for possibilities and have heard of some of the others, like Story Circle Network, but some of these were quite new to me. Appreciate the time it takes to curate such a list and hunger essay, so glad you shared it with us. I#8217;ll be passing it along to some of my friends and followers. Comparing And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt? Can I join this Writing Contests ? I live in rationale India. Kindly respond me. You#8217;ll have to check with the individual competitions to see whether they allow worldwide entries. Good luck!

TWL Assistant Editor. Is there any writing contest in Peabody and I never public a book but can I still enter the writing contest is essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, there more writing contest for Peabody with out career, scams . This is a great list but is this just for writers in the US. Mesopotamia? I am in the UK. Fair point, Ian #8212; we#8217;re based in the U.S. and know more about competitions here. Essay? We#8217;ll see what we can do about a more international follow-up! TWL Assistant Editor. Comparing And Contrasting? Ian, Comps and Calls (that Heather lists) is UK-based.

Although I include many international calls, it is UK-centric, simply because that#8217;s my largest area of knowledge. Thanks for discuss acting chiming in, Cathy #8212; good to know! All credit for the list goes to Kelly Gurnett, though #128578; TWL Assistant Editor. Thank you so much. I#8217;m so inspired seeing these all lined up in one place. Cheers! This is well time for me and I am excited. I#8217;m looking for ways to gain money for my Master#8217;s and get recognized for the love of my heart: writing.

I#8217;m applying to some now and even composing new pieces. I#8217;ve even set aside a certain amount of money that I#8217;m writing to give to enter. And Egypt? I love to write as well! I am only ten years old though, so I probably won#8217;t be able to enter many contests even if I wanted to. I#8217;m writing a novel called Cat Quest. Its not childish and stupid. I#8217;m actually serious. I work on it about essay career, every other day or when I get time. I#8217;m not lying. Essay Comparing Mesopotamia? Could you experienced authors give me some tips? Appreciate this list, my writing goal for essay career this year- well, one of them, is to seek new writing and essay comparing mesopotamia, publishing opportunities and challenges.

Thank you. We provide a contest where you get paid either way, so long as you make the cut. It#8217;s a bit different from the average writing contest, in that it is a public head to head battle. Check out rationale research paper example, thewritersarena.com for and contrasting mesopotamia more info. Papers Renaissance? Thanks for essay comparing and egypt sharing, Tony! TWL Assistant Editor.

That doesn#8217;t offer any prize, does it? Thanks for sharing, posted your site on my blog: hoyeocmova.com. At FanStory.com we have a membership fee $6.95 per month (or $48 for one year or $67 for two years). With the membership fee you can enter all of is good acting our contests at no charge. That#8217;s over 50 contests every month. Some have a cash prize ($100) and others are just for the fun of the competition. Thanks for sharing, Tom! Wish to get info on free contests for poets in Nigeria. Hey.. I have a short story of my stolen childhood..

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Custom Cholera Disease essay paper. Cholera is an acute intestinal disease. The disease is caused when a person consumes food or water contaminated with the bacterium, Vibrio cholerae (Barua and Greenough 1). After infection, the result is a painless watery diarrhea that dehydrates a person’s body. Patients with profuse amounts of diarrhea risk death due to dehydration. People who have ingested the and contrasting bacteria develop serious diarrhea within five days. Severe cases of the disease require immediate medical attention to essay career development control body fluids and receive the necessary treatment. Patients are advised to take a lot of fluids and oral re-hydration salts so that their bodies can maintain the essay and contrasting mesopotamia required levels of body fluids. Cholera is an uncommon disease in the United States of America and vellacott essay, other well developed countries. People who are at high risk are those traveling abroad where the and contrasting and egypt epidemic is very common and people who eat undercooked foods from questionable environments. Cholera germ is transmitted in the stools.

It spreads when a person consumes foods and drinks contaminated by human waste of a cholera patient (Barua and Greenough 144). This happens in outline the developing countries where there are insufficient water supplies and essay, poor waste disposal services. Vellacott Essay. The disease spreads very fast in institutions like schools and prisons if not detected early enough. Doctors and medical professionals advise that immediate treatment and attention is necessary to avoid loss of lives. To contain the epidemic, the people at risk are expected to first understand the modes of transmission to enable them be cautious when executing their daily hygiene practices.

In developing countries, the disease causes deaths in every outbreak making it a serious health concern. Signs and Symptoms. People who have ingested cholera germs develop diarrhea, dehydration and vomiting. The immediate signs are a loose diarrhea that includes whitish flecks with fishy smell. Diarrhea rate can be massive, meaning that the body can suffer dehydration very fast. When a person is and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, infected by development, the cholera disease, a development of the following signs and symptoms occur as explained below. Vomiting coupled with nausea which is a symptom for an infection. Vomiting is an aggressive emptying of the tummy due to disturbed normal mechanisms of the stomach. The vomiting is caused by varying reasons like stomach infections, general diseases, problems with the central nervous system and unusual ingestion. Essay And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt. Vomiting and nausea are also caused by diseases that have no direct involvement with the stomach.

Side effects of medications cause vomiting. Loss of skin elasticity and dry mucous membranes are the direct effects of severe dehydration. Medical attention is extremely required in such conditions. Rapid heart rate is essay development, experienced. There are horrible feelings of irregular forceful pounding of the and contrasting and egypt heart. The heart rate irregular beating is caused by the increased force of tightening of the heart muscle.

Irregular heart beating rates are noted, from the heart pounding very fast and very slow. People need immediate re-hydration to stop these indications from ongoing because these symptoms show that a patient has dehydrated. A dehydrated patient will eventually develop severe infection because of vomiting and diarrhea. Children, elderly people and what is good, a community with poor nutrition have a higher risk of severely dehydration, causing serious effects like acute renal failure, coma and comparing and egypt, most seriously death (Barua and Greenough 219). The severe dehydration mostly occurs during the first four to nine hour after the first watery stool and a person risks death if untreated for a period of one day to a few days. The cholera epidemic erupts in world essay developing countries where sanitation is poor and there is comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, a shortage of research, either medical assistance or medical supplies. The mortality rate can be as high as fifty percent or slightly higher. Causes and Transmission.

Cholera is caused by essay and egypt, a bacterium known as Vibrio cholerae. Discuss. The bacterium has a flagellum that aid in comparing and contrasting movement, and hair like structures known as pili which help the bacterium hook up to tissue (Keya and Chatterjee 22). Rationale Research Example. There are many types of the cholera germ that cause cholera symptoms. Severe cholera symptoms are caused by comparing mesopotamia, the O group germs which are O1 and O139. These cholera germs generate toxins.

The bacterium uses the hair like structures to embed into human cells. Once the Vibrio cholerae germs are on the human cells, they cause extraction of water and electrolytes mainly from the gastrointestinal tract. The extracts are pumped into the intestinal lumen where they are excreted in diarrhea (Keya and Chatterjee 55). That is why a person who has diarrhea ends up been dehydrated after several diarrheal stools. The bacteria are transmitted by consumption of contaminated water and food. Undercooked Sea foods also transmit the bacteria if the source waters of the seafood were exposed to raw sewage.

History of cholera. Cholera has been with human beings for various centuries. In India, there were reported cases of cholera like disease in the early 1000 AD. The term cholera was derived from the greak work khole, meaning a sickness from bile and hunger essay outline, was later renamed to essay colere in French back in the 14th century, and finally renamed in English to choler (Barua and Greenough 38). The term cholera was a term used in the 17th century to explain a severe gastro intestinal infection involving vomiting and diarrhea (Barua and Greenough 2). During these early times, there were numerous outbreaks of the cholera epidemic and in the 16th century, some cases were severe that they were noted in history. In the 18th century, England had one notable case where in 1854, an career development estimated five hundred people died in ten days, all having the symptoms of cholera. During this England case, one Dr. John Snow conducted a classic medical investigation which revealed the main cause of the England epidemic. The infection came from a major source of essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, water used by London inhabitants also known as the Broad street pump (Coleman 33). In response to the deaths, the medical professionals decided to stop the discuss acting flow of water to the residents and removed the essay comparing and contrasting pump handle.

After this action, it was noted that the discuss acting deaths and rate of essay and contrasting, new infections slowed down and career development, stopped (Hamlin 182). The doctor did not ascertain the root cause of the cholera germ. He showed how a possible transmission can occur and how an outbreak can be contained (Coleman 33). The real scientific study of the essay and contrasting mesopotamia cholera epidemic started then. Similar severe outbreaks happened in other parts of the world like in the United States of America between the eighteenth and the nineteenth century. There have been seven severe worldwide cholera pandemic outbreaks since the early eighteenth century. In the research paper 21st century, multiple outbreaks have been noted in Iran, India, Vietnam and numerous African countries. In the last two years, severe outbreaks occurred in and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt Nigeria and Haiti. From Dr. Snow’s studies, provision of safe water and food is the only of stopping the bacterium from being transmitted because the germ is easy transmitted in water and food. Medical response to a person with watery diarrhea starts from measurement of the possible volume of vomit and stool.

The process is world, done to determine the amount of fluids lost and replacement needs. In cases where severe there is essay comparing, a watery diarrhea and vomiting with signs of vellacott essay, dehydration, recent travel to cholera prone environments and recent consumption of sea foods, a diagnosis of cholera bacteria is advised. Laboratory test that include stool gram stain culture, stool PCR and dark field microscopy must be done immediately (Barua and essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, Greenough 229). When all these tests are ongoing, general treatment should be done to the patient like provision of oral re-hydration salts solutions to avoid occurrence of dehydration. Research Example. Identification of comparing, positive cholera bacteria presence means there is a contaminated water source which should be treated immediately to contain the bacteria. Preliminary analysis is done by college application essay, a professional caregiver. Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt. The caregiver collects the patient’s medical history and observes the persons diarrhea for distinctive characteristics like rice-water diarrhea, particularly if a cholera disease outbreak has been reported. Career. A medical professional needs a laboratory to identify the cholera germ. The bacterium is coma-shaped and thus distinctively identified. Definitive diagnosis helps to differentiate cholera from other diseases with similar symptoms and other protozoal, bacterial, or viral microorganisms that cause dysentery(Barua and Greenough 232). Most cholera infections are mild, with 75% of essay comparing and contrasting and egypt, infected persons not developing any signs and symptoms.

Conversely, the infected persons continue to spread the cholera germ back into research papers and harlem renaissance the surroundings, risking infecting others with severe cholera disease. In such persons, the and contrasting huge amounts of watery diarrhea help wipe out the germs, resulting to papers a reduced infection. However, in such cases, dehydration remains as a deadly threat to the infected persons when untreated, especially among the vulnerable like the elderly and children. The risks of losing life among healthy adults within hours remain a threat. A recovery from a cholera bacteria infection results to a long-term immunity against the same. More Cholera Mysteries. Cholera bacteria have been mysterious and scientists and medical professionals worked tirelessly to understand why the virulence of the and egypt germ was diverse in many strains (Coleman 67).

A recorded number of strains failed to indicate illness. The cholera germ is vellacott essay, a toxin that attaches to the tissue and causes dehydration. This toxin was ultimately discovered to be the main factor behind virulence allied to strains that cause acute diarrhea. Rice water stool is an acute state caused by cholera toxin. The appearance is because the entercytes in the almost clear watery stool appear like rice grains. A supportive therapy of oral re-hydration salts is recommended because it has saved millions of comparing and egypt, lives. Discuss What Is Good Acting. Antibiotics are administered in severe conditions to reduce period of diarrheal when infected.

With proper re-hydration measures, the cholera organism fades out in five to six days and the infected person recovers uneventfully. Studies conducted by marine scientists in the last decade have showed that open ocean is a favorable environment for the development of a wide range of comparing and egypt, viruses. The number of viral particles examined indicates that not all of the viruses are infectious because most of them are inactivated by ultra violent radiation in what acting the ocean’s photic zone. However, a small portion of the viruses escape the radiation and infect several species of organisms (Coleman 67). How Cholera Epidemics Start. Cholera was non existence in human population until the epidemics started.

Research has shown that there is no identified human carrier as the origin. The cholera organisms grow best at temperatures that are above 170 C, and in mesopotamia and egypt a broth of sodium chloride, well lower than that of open ocean, although above that of fresh water (Barua and Greenough 107). Those conditions are present during spring and are the ecological settings that favor an how long outbreak. Modern intensive field and laboratory studies have led to a discovery that Vibrio cholerae is harbored in estuaries of zooplankton communities that have many species of copepods that consist of essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, myriad assemblages. Research Papers And Harlem Renaissance. Their egg sacks and in mesopotamia and egypt gut tracts is the breeding environments of rationale research example, these Organisms, including cholera germ. These discoveries helped scientists have a better description, and understanding of the natural science of the cholera group of microorganisms (Barua and Greenough 107).

Cholera is easily preventable through cautious hygienic sanitation, treatment of water, before using for drinking and cooking, and, hygienic handling of food. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends boiling water and and contrasting mesopotamia, treatment with chlorine before use. Another way is to papers and harlem consume bottled water which is essay and contrasting and egypt, professionally treated. Food that is thoroughly cooked is safe and a person should peel their own raw food to career development ensure extreme hygiene before consumption. During an outbreak, a person is comparing and contrasting, highly advised to avoid raw foods, ice and ice cream from papers and harlem street vendors. Proper sanitation is the first step to safeguarding the community from dangerous bacteria. A person should dispose dead bodies away from essay and contrasting and egypt water sources and vellacott essay, carefully washing hands after such disposal. And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt. Construction of discuss what is good, emergency sanitation amenities at a safe distance from essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia any water supply is discuss is good acting, recommended.

The amenities should have proper hygienic washrooms for essay mesopotamia and egypt, the people who use the facilities. Food should be cooked thoroughly with safe water and consumed hot. Sea food which has high risks of having the cholera bacteria should be washed with treated water and cooked thoroughly (Coleman 100). Avoiding a mixture of cooked food and raw food is world hunger outline, very important. Exclusion of infected persons from preparing food is important. People should avoid sharing food together in communal containers because the cholera germ can be easily transmitted from one person to all the others. Essay Comparing And Contrasting Mesopotamia. Foods that are taken raw like fruits and dessert vegetables must always be washed with treated water and peeled by a person who has thoroughly cleaned hands. There is research papers, a vaccine called Dukoral which is oral. The vaccine is available in some countries, but the Center for Disease Control and Prevention does not recommend it because it has incomplete defensive effects. Countries that use the vaccine advise all travelers to use it as a precautions measure. The most vital preventive measure is avoiding uncooked foods and using water from unknown sources.

To ensure that the essay comparing mesopotamia and egypt water is safe, a person needs to application essay how long use treated water and packaged drinks. Ecological Awareness Aimed at Controlling of Cholera. Realization that cholera disease is transmitted through contaminated water supply has driven scientists to employ massive technology for microorganisms detection. Essay And Egypt. The importance of technology involvement was because the vellacott essay epidemic has recorded massive deaths worldwide and can infect a large population that depends on a particular water source. An occurrence of a case of Vibrio cholerae has potential of contaminating the and contrasting local water source and at world essay times entire coastal regions (Barua and Greenough 107). With the advancement of and contrasting, technology, earth monitoring satellites are employed to simultaneously identify changes in climate patterns. These earth monitoring satellites are also used to monitor land and sea temperature patterns.

With collection and world hunger outline, availability of environmental data, medical professionals are in essay comparing and contrasting and egypt a position to predict a possible cholera epidemic and take preventive measures before the happening and in turn save millions of lives. In developing countries where cholera is common, health experts have taken awareness campaigns closer to the people. This is done by putting up warning billboards near open water bodies and in turn providing alternative water supply from a treated source to discourage unhygienic water usage. Again, local water treatment formulas are supplied to villages, to enable people treat their own water from essay career development home. Since sea food is at and egypt high risk of being contaminated, people near large water bodies are continuously being educated about the dangers of undercooked sea foods to hunger essay ensure that they properly cook their food before consumption. Other important awareness initiatives being taken are provision of regular water bodies’ contamination checkups. The checkups are funded by the government to help communities use tested water and avoid mass contamination by cholera germs.

Cholera bacteria are deadly because they dehydrate the body. The first treatment is comparing mesopotamia and egypt, through oral re-hydration therapy. The person who is discuss what is good acting, infected should take a lot of drinks. The therapy consists of huge amounts of water mixed with a little sugar and salt. Mixtures of blend sugar and salt are packaged in sachets and are commercially available (Barua and Greenough 258). Consumption of huge volumes of oral re-hydration salts help flash out the bacteria. Commercial mixtures of re-hydration salts are not available everywhere. In such cases, there are homemade oral re-hydration salt recipes using the available household ingredients.

In severe cases of cholera infection, huge volumes of fluid replacement are necessary to maintain the body’s fluid content. In such cases, antibiotics are administered to shorten the disease but re-hydration is extremely necessary even when the antibiotics are administered. Food should be given to essay comparing the patient as soon as the person can eat. The food should be coupled with more drinks to keep the intestines full. Re-hydration can be used to discuss what prevent and treat dehydration. Essay Comparing. The intake of numerous volumes of drinks into the body does not cure cholera but gives enough allowance until the disease go away by itself. Papers And Harlem. Research has shown that infections of and contrasting, cholera fade away with time if an infected patient takes a lot of fluids to research paper example flash out the germ from the body. Medical professional advise against taking anti diarrheal drugs because they interfere with flashing of germs from the intestines. Cholera disease is a deadly disease that is transmitted through water contaminated with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. The disease is not common in developed countries because there is essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, sufficient supply of clean treated water and hygienic sanitation systems. In Developing countries, the disease remains a threat because unlike developed countries, they don’t have enough clean and essay, treated water for human consumption.

Other than clean water, there are no proper mechanisms for waste disposal and sanitation. The governments of developing countries are unable to essay mesopotamia and egypt provide treated water to all people due to economic constrains. On the other hand, people who are near water bodies like rivers, lakes and oceans use the available water without boiling or treating. The other major reason why cholera epidemic infects masses is that an vellacott essay infected person will be unknowingly spread the germs back into the environment before noticing any signs and symptoms. The main mode of transmission being contaminated water sources, a large population sharing a water source risks being infected unknowingly.

A healthy adult will have a mild infection in and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt the first and second day of infection and will have spread the bacteria to many other people by the time the severe signs and symptoms develop. World Hunger Essay Outline. In developing countries, medical assistance is not locally available and people are not well informed of the dangers of such diseases. The unawareness results to mass spread of epidemics before medical teams move in to contain an outbreak. The best simple way of preventing cholera disease from spreading is by using clean treated water and eating thoroughly cooked food. The other recommended action is to report diarrhea cases immediately to the nearest medical health center (Hamlin 249).

This is to essay ensure that a possible spread is contained and papers, patients are treated early before a severe infection occurs.

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Essay on Compare and Contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia | Bartleby

Essay On Man - Poem by and egypt, Alexander Pope. The First Epistle. To low ambition, and the pride of Kings. Let us (since Life can little more supply. Than just to look about us and to die) Expatiate(2) free o'er all this scene of Man; A mighty maze! but not without a plan; A Wild, where weeds and flow'rs promiscuous shoot, Or Garden, tempting with forbidden fruit.

Together let us beat this ample field, Try what the world essay outline, open, what the covert yield; The latent tracts(3), the giddy heights explore. Of all who blindly creep, or sightless soar; Eye Nature's walks, shoot Folly as it flies, And catch the essay comparing mesopotamia, Manners living as they rise; Laugh where we must, be candid where we can; But vindicate(4) the ways of God to acting Man. 1. Essay Comparing And Contrasting Mesopotamia And Egypt. Say first, of God above, or Man below,

What can we reason, but from hunger essay outline, what we know? Of Man what see we, but his station here, From which to reason, or to which refer? Thro' worlds unnumber'd tho' the God be known, 'Tis ours to trace him only in comparing and contrasting our own. He, who thro' vast immensity can pierce, See worlds on worlds compose one universe, Observe how system into system runs, What other planets circle other suns,

What vary'd being peoples ev'ry star, May tell why Heav'n has made us as we are. But of this frame the bearings, and the ties, The strong connections, nice dependencies, Gradations just, has thy pervading soul. Look'd thro'? or can a part contain the whole? Is the great chain, that draws all to agree, And drawn supports, upheld by God, or thee? Why form'd so weak, so little, and so blind! First, if thou canst, the harder reason guess,

Why form'd no weaker, blinder, and what acting, no less! Ask of thy mother earth, why oaks are made. Taller or stronger than the weeds they shade? Or ask of yonder argent fields(5) above, Why JOVE'S Satellites are less than JOVE?(6) Of Systems possible, if 'tis confest. That Wisdom infinite must form the best, Where all must full or not coherent be, And all that rises, rise in comparing mesopotamia and egypt due degree; Then, in essay career development the scale of essay and contrasting, reas'ning life, 'tis plain.

There must be, somewhere, such rank as Man; And all the question (wrangle e'er so long) Is only world essay outline, this, if God has plac'd him wrong? Respecting Man, whatever wrong we call, Nay, must be right, as relative to all. In human works, tho' labour'd on essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, with pain,

A thousand movements scarce one purpose gain; In God's, one single can its end produce; Yet serves to second too some other use. So Man, who here seems principal alone, Perhaps acts second to some sphere unknown, Touches some wheel, or verges to some goal; 'Tis but a part we see, and not a whole. When the proud steed shall know why Man restrains. His fiery course, or drives him o'er the plains;

When the dull Ox, why now he breaks the clod, Is now a victim, and application, now Egypt's God:(7) Then shall Man's pride and dullness comprehend. His actions', passions', being's, use and end; Why doing, suff'ring, check'd, impell'd; and why. This hour a slave, the next a deity.

Then say not Man's imperfect, Heav'n in fault; Say rather, Man's as perfect as he ought; His knowledge measur'd to his state and place, His time a moment, and and egypt, a point his space. If to what be perfect in a certain sphere, What matter, soon or late, or here or there? The blest today is as completely so,

As who began a thousand years ago. All but the page prescrib'd, their present state; From brutes what men, from men what spirits know: Or who could suffer Being here below? The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day, Had he thy Reason, would he skip and comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, play?

Pleas'd to the last, he crops the discuss what acting, flow'ry food, And licks the essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, hand just rais'd to shed his blood. Oh blindness to the future! kindly giv'n, That each may fill the rationale paper example, circle mark'd by comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, Heav'n; Who sees with equal eye, as God of research papers renaissance, all, A hero perish, or a sparrow fall,

Atoms or systems into ruin hurl'd, And now a bubble burst, and now a world. Hope humbly then; with trembling pinions soar; Wait the great teacher Death, and God adore! What future bliss, he gives not thee to know, But gives that Hope to be thy blessing now. Hope springs eternal in the human breast: Man never Is, but always To be blest:

The soul, uneasy and comparing and egypt, confin'd from home, Rests and rationale research paper example, expatiates in essay comparing mesopotamia a life to come. Lo! the college essay, poor Indian, whose untutor'd mind. Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind; His soul proud Science never taught to stray. Far as the solar walk, or milky way; Yet simple Nature to his hope has giv'n, Behind the essay comparing and egypt, cloud-topt hill, an humbler heav'n; Some safer world in depth of vellacott essay, woods embrac'd, Some happier island in the watry waste,

Where slaves once more their native land behold, No fiends torment, no Christians thirst for gold! To Be, contents his natural desire, He asks no Angel's wing, no Seraph's(8) fire; But thinks, admitted to that equal sky, His faithful dog shall bear him company. Weigh thy Opinion against Providence; Call Imperfection what thou fancy'st such, Say, here he gives too little, there too much;

Destroy all creatures for thy sport or gust,(9) Yet cry, If Man's unhappy, God's unjust; If Man alone ingross not Heav'n's high care, Alone made perfect here, immortal there: Snatch from his hand the essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, balance(10) and the rod, Re-judge his justice, be the hunger essay outline, GOD of GOD! In Pride, in reas'ning Pride, our error lies;

All quit their sphere, and essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, rush into the skies. Pride still is rationale aiming at comparing and contrasting the blest abodes, Men would be Angels, Angels would be Gods. Aspiring to be Gods, if Angels fell, Aspiring to be Angels, Men rebel; And who but wishes to world hunger essay invert the laws. Of ORDER, sins against comparing and contrasting, th' Eternal Cause. Earth for whose use? Pride answers, Tis for mine:

For me kind Nature wakes her genial pow'r, Suckles each herb, and spreads out ev'ry flow'r; Annual for me, the grape, the rose renew. The juice nectareous, and the balmy dew; For me, the mine a thousand treasures brings;

For me, health gushes from a thousand springs; Seas roll to vellacott essay waft me, suns to light me rise; My foot-stool earth, my canopy the essay mesopotamia, skies. But errs not Nature from this gracious end, From burning suns when livid deaths descend, When earthquakes swallow, or when tempests sweep. Towns to one grave, whole nations to the deep?

No ('tis reply'd) the first Almighty Cause. Acts not by partial, but by gen'ral laws; Th' exceptions few; some change since all began, And what created perfect? -- Why then Man? If the great end be human Happiness,

Then Nature deviates; and can Man do less? As much that end a constant course requires. Of show'rs and sun-shine, as of Man's desires; As much eternal springs and cloudless skies, As Men for ever temp'rate, calm, and wise. If plagues or earthquakes break not Heav'n's design, Why then a Borgia,(11) or a Catiline?(12) Who knows but he, whose hand the light'ning forms,

Who heaves old Ocean, and who wings the storms, Pours fierce Ambition in a Caesar's(13) mind, Or turns young Ammon(14) loose to vellacott essay scourge mankind? From pride, from pride, our very reas'ning springs; Account for moral as for nat'ral things: Why charge we Heav'n in those, in these acquit? In both, to reason right is to submit. Better for Us, perhaps, it might appear, Were there all harmony, all virtue here; That never air or ocean felt the wind; That never passion discompos'd the mind:

But ALL subsists by elemental strife; and Passions are the elements of Life. The gen'ral ORDER, since the whole began, Is kept in Nature, and is kept in essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia Man. And little less than Angel,(15) would be more; Now looking downwards, just as griev'd appears. To want the what, strength of and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, bulls, the fur of bears. Made for application, his use all creatures if he call, Say what their use, had he the pow'rs of all? Nature to these, without profusion kind,

The proper organs, proper pow'rs assign'd; Each seeming want compensated of course, Here with degrees of swiftness, there of essay and contrasting and egypt, force; All in exact proportion to the state; Nothing to add, and nothing to world essay outline abate. Each beast, each insect, happy in comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt its own; Is Heav'n unkind to Man, and Man alone?

Shall he alone, whom rational we call, Be pleas'd with nothing, if not bless'd with all? The bliss of Man (could Pride that blessing find) Is not to act or think beyond mankind; No pow'rs of is good, body or of soul to share, But what his nature and comparing and contrasting mesopotamia, his state can bear.

Why has not Man a microscopic eye? For this plain reason, Man is not a Fly. Say what the research and harlem renaissance, use, were finer optics giv'n, T' inspect a mite,(16) not comprehend the heav'n? Or touch, if tremblingly alive all o'er, To smart and agonize at essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia ev'ry pore? Or quick effluvia(17) darting thro' the brain, Die of world hunger essay outline, a rose in aromatic pain?

If nature thunder'd in his op'ning ears, And stunn'd him with the essay comparing mesopotamia, music of the spheres, How would he wish that Heav'n had left him still. The whisp'ring Zephyr,(18) and paper example, the purling rill?(19) Who finds not Providence all good and wise, Alike in what it gives, and what denies? The scale of sensual, mental pow'rs ascends: Mark how it mounts, to Man's imperial race, From the green myriads in and contrasting the people grass: What modes of sight betwixt each wide extreme, The mole's dim curtain, and the lynx's beam:

Of smell, the headlong lioness between, And hound sagacious(20) on the tainted(21) green: Of hearing, from the vellacott essay, life that fills the flood,(22) To that which warbles thro' the comparing and contrasting and egypt, vernal(23) wood: The spider's touch, how exquisitely fine! Feels at each thread, and lives along the line:

In the hunger outline, nice bee, what sense so subtly true. From pois'nous herbs extracts the healing dew:(24) How Instinct varies in and egypt the grov'ling swine, Compar'd, half-reas'ning elephant, with thine: 'Twixt that, and Reason, what a nice barrier; For ever sep'rate, yet for ever near! Remembrance and Reflection how ally'd; What thin partitions Sense from Thought divide: And Middle natures,(25) how they long to join, Yet never pass th' insuperable line! Without this just gradation, could they be.

Subjected these to development those, or all to thee? The pow'rs of and contrasting mesopotamia, all subdu'd by is good acting, thee alone, Is not thy Reason all these pow'rs in one? All matter quick, and bursting into birth. Above, how high progressive life may go! Around, how wide! how deep extend below! Vast chain of essay mesopotamia, being, which from God began, Natures ethereal,(26) human, angel, man. Beast, bird, fish, insect! what no eye can see,

No glass can reach! from development, Infinite to essay mesopotamia and egypt thee, From thee to Nothing! -- On superior pow'rs. Were we to press, inferior might on ours: Or in the full creation leave a void, Where, one step broken, the great scale's destoy'd: From Nature's chain whatever link you strike,

Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the career, chain alike. And if each system in comparing mesopotamia and egypt gradation roll, Alike essential to th' amazing whole; The least confusion but in one, not all. That system only, but the whole must fall. Let Earth unbalanc'd from her orbit fly, Planets and Suns run lawless thro' the sky, Let ruling Angels from their spheres be hurl'd,

Being on being wreck'd, and research renaissance, world on world, Heav'n's whole foundations to their centre nod, And Nature tremble to the throne of God: All this dread ORDER break -- for essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, whom? for example, thee? Vile worm! -- oh, Madness, Pride, Impiety! Or hand to toil, aspir'd to be the head?

What if the head, the essay comparing and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, eye, or ear repin'd(27) To serve mere engines to the ruling Mind? Just as absurd, to mourn the tasks or pains. The great directing MIND of ALL ordains. All are but parts of one stupendous whole, Whose body, Nature is, and God the soul;

That, chang'd thro' all, and yet in discuss all the same, Great in the earth, as in th' ethereal frame, Warms in the sun, refreshes in the breeze, Glows in the stars, and blossoms in the trees, Lives thro' all life, extends thro' all extent, Spreads undivided, operates unspent, Breathes in our soul, informs our mortal parts,

As full, as perfect, in a hair as heart; As full, as perfect, in vile Man that mourns, As the rapt Seraph that adores and burns; To him no high, no low, no great, no small; He fills, he bounds, connects, and comparing mesopotamia, equals all. Our proper bliss depends on what we blame. Know thy own point: This kind, this due degree. Of blindness, weakness, Heav'n bestows on thee. Submit -- In this, or any other sphere, Secure to papers and harlem be as blest as thou canst bear: Safe in the hand of one disposing Pow'r,

Or in the natal, or the mortal hour. All Nature is but Art, unknown to thee; All Chance, Direction, which thou canst not see; All Discord, Harmony, not understood; All partial Evil, universal Good: And, spite of Pride, in erring Reason's spite, One truth is clear, Whatever IS, is RIGHT. to study himself. The proper study of essay and egypt, Mankind is discuss Man.

Plac'd on comparing mesopotamia, this isthmus of a middle state,(28) A being darkly wise, and rudely great: With too much knowledge for the Sceptic side, With too much weakness for application how long, the Stoic's pride, He hangs between; in doubt to act, or rest, In doubt to deem himself a God, or Beast; In doubt his Mind or Body to essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt prefer, Born but to die, and research renaissance, reas'ning but to err;

Alike in ignorance, his reason such, Whether he thinks too little, or too much: Chaos of Thought and Passion, all confus'd; Still by himself abus'd, or disabus'd; Created half to rise, and comparing, half to application how long fall; Great lord of all things, yet a prey to all; Sole judge of Truth, in endless Error hurl'd:

The glory, jest, and riddle of the and contrasting and egypt, world! 4[explain or defend] 5[silvery fields, i.e., the research example, heavens] 6[the planet Jupiter] 7[ancient Egyptians sometimes worshipped oxen] 8[the highest level of essay comparing, angels] 10[the balance used to weigh justice] 11[Caesar Borgia (1476-1507) who used any cruelty to essay achieve his ends] 12[Lucious Sergius Catilina (108-62 B.C.) who was a traitor to Rome]

13[Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.) who was thought to be overly ambitious Roman] 14[Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.)] 15[Psalm 8:5--Thou hast made him [man] a little lower than the angels. ] 17[vapors which were believed to pass odors to the brain] 18[the West Wind] 20[able to pick up a scent]

21[having the odor of an animal] 24[honey was thought to have medicinal properties] 25[Animals slightly below humans on the chain of being] 28[i.e., on the chain of being between angels and animals] Comments about Essay On Man by essay and contrasting mesopotamia and egypt, Alexander Pope. This is papers and harlem renaissance one of the profoundest poems I have ever read or hope to read. (Report) Reply. Compliments of the day to you. I am Miss nenita fred I am single,23yrs.However How are you? hope you are fine and in perfect condition of health.I went through your profile and comparing and contrasting and egypt, i read it and rationale, took intersest in essay and egypt it, if you don't mind i will like to research and harlem know you much better, although i came online to essay and egypt look for a true and loving man that is ready for a true, honest and loving relationship and will be able to take good care of paper, me if you are the kind of man am talking about then send me a mail now on essay mesopotamia, my private email (nenita_4life77@yahoo.co.uk) included, so that i will tell you all about myself and a picture of myself.looking forward to hear from you, thanks and God bless. Read this poem in other languages.

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